Types of pencils: What are they and what are they for?

some colored pencils

The pencils They are very instruments versatile and useful, which allow us to write, draw, erase and create all kinds of works of art. Surely you have used a pencil at some point in your life, but do you know that there are different types of pencils, each with its own characteristics and uses? In this article we are going to explain to you the most common types of pencils, how they are classified and what they are for.

Below we are going to show you the types of pencils most common and their uses: graphite, charcoal, colors and ink. We are also going to talk about other less common but also interesting types that are used for specific or artistic purposes. We hope this article help you choose the pencil suitable for every occasion.

graphite pencils

pencil writing

graphite pencils They are the most common and the ones we use to write or sketch. Its lead is made of a heat-resistant material called clay and graffiti and has a wooden cap on top. Graphite pencils are classified according to the hardness of their lead, which depends on the proportion of graphite and clay..

To identify the hardness of graphite pencils, letters and numbers are used. The letters are H (hard), B (black) and F (fine), and the numbers indicate the degree of hardness within each letter. Thus, we have the following types of graphite pencils:

  • H pencils: They are the toughest and the ones who have a clearer line. They are used for technical drawing or to mark fine, precise lines. Within this category there are several degrees of hardness: H, 2H, 3H, 4H, 5H, 6H, 7H, 8H and 9H, with 9H being the hardest of all.
  • B pencils: They are the softest and those with a darker stroke. They are used for artistic drawing or to create shadows and volumes. Within this category there are several degrees of softness: B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, 6B, 7B, 8B and 9B, with 9B being the softest of all.
  • F pencils: They are intermediate between H and B. They have a moderate line and are used for writing or sketching. There is only one grade within this category: F.
  • HB pencils: They are the most balanced between hardness and darkness. They have a medium stroke and are used for writing or sketching. They are the most common and the ones we use at school.

charcoal pencils

A man with charcoal

Charcoal pencils are special pencils used for artistic drawing. Its lead is made of pulverized charcoal bound with gum or wax. Charcoal pencils have a very dark line, smooth and blendable, which allows you to create very realistic light and shadow effects.

charcoal pencils they are classified according to the intensity of their color, which depends on the degree of purity of the charcoal. Thus, we have the following types of charcoal pencils:

  • White pencils: They are those that have a lighter color and are used to create contrasts or highlight illuminated areas. They are applied on dark or colored backgrounds.
  • Gray pencils: They are those that have an intermediate color between white and black. They are used to create smooth halftones or gradations.
  • Black pencils: They are the ones that have a darker and more intense color. They are used to create deep shadows or marked silhouettes.

Colored pencils

Pencils of various colors

Colored pencils are some pencils that have a pigmented wax or oil lead, which allows you to create drawings with different tones and nuances. They can be mixed together to obtain new colors, or they can be blended with a brush or cotton pad to create watercolor effects.

Colored pencils are classified according to quality and composition of his mine. Thus, we have the following types of colored pencils:

  • Wax pencils: They are the cheapest and those with a softer and thicker lead.
  • Oil pencils: They are the most expensive and the ones with the hardest and finest lead.
  • Watercolor pencils: They are special pencils that have a water-soluble lead.

ink pencils

A pen in a notebook

Ink pencils are pencils that have a metal tip for the one where liquid ink comes out. These are ink that are used to write or draw with a fine, uniform and permanent line. Without a doubt, the ink ones are classified according to the type of tip and the type of ink. Thus, we have the following types of ink pencils:

  • Fine-tipped pencils: They are those that have a very thin tip, which allows you to make very precise and detailed lines. They are used for writing, drawing or calligraphy.
  • Medium point pencils: They are those that have an intermediate tip, which allows you to make moderate and versatile strokes. They are used for writing, drawing or sketching.
  • Thick-tipped pencils: They are the ones that have a very wide tip, which allows you to make very thick and striking strokes. They are used to write, draw or make posters.
  • Permanent ink pens: They are the ones that have ink that does not erase or fade over time. They are used to write or draw on any surface, such as paper, fabric or metal.
  • Erasable ink pens: They are those that have ink that can be erased with a special eraser or with water. They are used for writing or drawing on paper, and can be easily corrected.

Conclusion

As you have seen, there are different types of pencils, each with its own characteristics and uses. The most common are graphite ones, charcoal ones, colored ones and ink ones. Each one has its advantages and disadvantages, and depending on the type of work you want to do, You'll want to use one or the other.

We hope that this article has been useful to you and that you have learned everything you need to know about types of pencils, and that you can differentiate each and every one of them. If you liked it, share it with your friends and leave us a comment with your opinion. Thanks for reading us!


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