Imifanekiso yedijithali, iintlobo kunye neempawu

ukuqonda imifanekiso yedijithali

Umfanekiso wedijithali uqukethe ukumelwa kabini-ntathu yomfanekiso osekwe kwi matrix yamanani, edla ngokubini, kunye nezo kunye noziro.

Izigqibo zomfanekiso wedijithali zinokuba njalo enamandla okanye emileyo kwaye ngokusekwe kulo mgaqo bahlulahlulwe babini:

Iindidi zemifanekiso yedijithali

iintlobo zemifanekiso yedijithali

Rasters imifanekiso yedijithali okanye i-bitmaps

I-pixel nganye eyenza umfanekiso unombala othile kunye nesisombululo esiphakamileyo okanye iipikseli ezingaphezulu abanazo, kokukhona kuya kuba ngcono ukuba nomgangatho womfanekiso.

Enye yeenkqubo ezisetyenziselwa ukuhlela imifanekiso yaziwa kakhulu Photoshop, ezineziphumo ezilungileyo kakhulu, nangona kunjalo, imifanekiso yeerasters xa ikhulisiwe ilahlekelwa bubukhali, ukusukela iinkqubo zokuhlela zithatha indawo yeepixels ezinye ezingeyonyani.

Olu hlobo lwemifanekiso yedijithali ihlala isetyenziswa kwi iiwebhusayithi ezibonakalayo, kwiifoto kunye neminye imifanekiso yedijithali kuba umgangatho kunye neenkcukacha abazibonelelayo zibalulekile.

Imifanekiso yeVector

Ngokuchasene ne- imifanekiso yedijithali yedijithali, ayenziwanga ngeepikseli, kodwa kunoko shiya iigrafiki zevector ezixhomekeke kumanqaku athile olawulo, enkosi kumxholo wazo weefomula zemathematics bayakwazi ukwenza iicurvature phakathi kwenye indawo ukuya kwenye kwaye xa kusetyenziswa inkqubo yokuhlela, ibala nje ifomula kwaye iguqule umfanekiso kwiimfuno zomsebenzisi.

Imifanekiso yeVector zisetyenziselwa ukuvelisa imifanekiso elula, ezinjengeelogo, izithuba zemigca, imilambo, imida kunye nezinye izinto ezintsonkothileyo ezenziweyo. Ezona nkqubo zisetyenzisiweyo ukwenza kunye nokuguqula imizobo zikwakhona Umzobo wobugcisa y Adobe Illustrator.

Zithini iindlela zemibala?

Umfanekiso wedijithali unokuba nefayile ye- imibala emininzi okanye hayi, oku kuyakuxhomekeka kuhlobo lomsebenzi wegraphic owufunayo.

Kukho iindlela ezininzi zemibala, ezona zibalulekileyo zi-RGB kunye ne-CMYK kwaye ezi zezinye zezona zibalulekileyo kwaye zisetyenziswe kwimifanekiso yedijithali:

Imowudi yeMonochrome

Kuyabonakala kuba imifanekiso imnyama kwaye imhlophe kuphela.

Imowudi engwevu

Ukufikelela kwi-250 yee-shades ezimnyama, ezimhlophe kunye nezimvi zisetyenzisiwe.

Imowudi yombala yesalathiso

Ukufikelela kwimibala engama-256 kufezekiswa kwifayile enye emalunga ne-8 bits.

Imowudi ye-HSB

Ngale nto kukho ifayile ye- Iphalethi enemibala I-25-bit kwaye umbala ngamnye unombala wawo, ukuqaqamba, kunye nokugcwala kwawo.

Imowudi yeRGB

Le yeyona isetyenziswa kwi-PC kunye nezikrini ezihambayo, yiyo Inxalenye yemibala emi-3 esisiseko, njengokubomvu, luhlaza kunye nohlaza okwesibhakabhaka kwaye kwezi kunokwenzeka ukumela nawuphi na umbala.

Imowudi ye-CMYK

Ivela kwi ICyan, iMagenta, umbala omthubi noMnyama, Ukufezekisa kuphela imibala ebekwe kwibala elibonakalayo kwaye lisetyenziswa ikakhulu kule mifanekiso ifuna ukushicilelwa okulandelayo ukukhusela imibala ekutshintsheni nayo.

Kubalulekile ukukhumbula oko iinkqubo ezifana neFotohop vumela ukwenza utshintsho kwimifanekiso enokuba luncedo kakhulu xa uguqula imifanekiso kuzo zombini izikrini kunye nokuprinta.

Iindidi zoxinzelelo lomfanekiso wedijithali

Rasters imifanekiso yedijithali okanye i-bitmaps

Olu cinezelo lwenziwa ngenjongo yokunciphisa indawo ekuhlalwa kuyo yimifanekiso ethile kwaye kukho iintlobo ezimbini:

Ukulahleka: ngale nkqubo kuyenzeka cinezela umfanekiso ngaphandle kokuphulukana nayo nayiphi na into, nokuba incinci kangakanani, ngenzuzo yokuba kamva umfanekiso wokuqala ungafunyanwa ngaphandle kwengxaki

Ilahleko: umbono wokusebenzisa le nkqubo yoxinzelelo hlala kwindawo encinci kangangoko, Yenza umfanekiso ungabanzima kangako, kodwa ngelishwa oku kubangela ukuba iinxalenye zawo zilahleke, nangona ngamanye amaxesha oku kungabonakali.

Siza kukhankanya ngezantsi ezinye zeentlobo zeefomathi zemifanekiso yedijithali

  • Ifomathi yeJPG / JPEG
  • Ifomathi yokwandiswa komfanekiso we-Gif
  • Ifomati yomfanekiso PNG
  • Ifomathi yolwandiso lomfanekiso .tiff / .tif
  • Ifomathi yomfanekiso RAW
  • Ifomathi yomfanekiso BMP
  • Ifomathi yolwandiso lwefayile yomfanekiso .psd

Ezinye zezi fomathi vumela ukunyanzela imifanekiso kunye okanye ngaphandle kwelahleko Kwaye basebenzela iirasters kunye nemifanekiso yevector.

 


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  1.   UOmar sitsho

    Muy bueno