Iindlela ezi-5 zobugcisa eziqhubekayo kuyilo namhlanje

iintsingiselo zangoku

Ukuba bekufuneka sithethe ngoyilo lwegraphic olwenzeka rhoqo kule mihla kwaye lumele iingqondo zokuyila (ngokwemiqathango ngokubanzi) yanamhlanje ... Ungathini? Yeyiphi imisinga yobugcisa oyibonayo njengesiqhelo, ephindaphindayo kunye nempumelelo kwimeko yangoku yobuhle?

Emva koko siza kubona iintshukumo ezintlanu ezibonisa eyona yoyilo yemizobo yanamhlanje:

  • Ubuncinci: Eyona nto ibalulekileyo yile ichaza ukuba ngubani kunye nento eyinika ixabiso kunye nomgangatho ukuze yonke into engabalulekanga ibe kukuphindaphindeka, umthwalo, phantse ibe ngumqobo. Ingcamango encinci yaqala ukusetyenziswa kwimilomo kaRichard Wollheim isazi seengqondo kwiminyaka engama-XNUMX. Iziphumo zexesha lakhe zazicacile: Nantoni na eyayinomxholo ophezulu kakhulu wobukrelekrele kodwa umxholo ophantsi osesikweni wawuncinci. Olunye lweempawu ezibalaseleyo zalo mkhwa wobugcisa kukutsalwa, uqoqosho, ukuchaneka kunye nejometri yesiqhelo esingqamene nolwakhiwo lobungcwele. Yonke into ibonakala ngathi igxile kubuncinci besithuba esifunekayo ukuze sikwazi ukuzichaza njengezinto. Okwangoku ukubonakaliswa okucacileyo kobuncinci kwimizobo kunye noyilo lwewebhu luyilo olucwangcisiweyo. Le ntshukumo ihambisa ngobukhulu obuthathu, iinkcukacha kunye nokuhluka. Yonke into iqokelelwe kulwakhiwo olucacileyo, ngemibala emsulwa kwaye isebenzisa kuphela kwaye ngokukodwa izinto ezisisiseko.
  • I-Retro kunye nevini: Zombini imisinga zivusa amaxesha amandulo kwaye zinqula iimodeli zobugcisa ezazilawula kumaxesha amandulo. Imvelaphi ye-etymological yegama elithi vintage livela kwindaleko yelizwi lesi-Latin elithi "vindemia" kwaye lalisetyenziselwa ukubhekisa kwi wayini endala nephakamileyo. Eli gama liguqukile kwaye lawela umda wefashoni, bafumana intsingiselo entsha: Zonke izinto zefanitshala, ikhabethe okanye naluphi na uhlobo lwezincedisi ezazineminyaka engamashumi amabini ubuncinci ubudala kwaye zinika ubuhle amaxabiso omzuzu ayenzelwe ngawo, yiba yimibhalo efanelekileyo. Ubuncwane bamaxesha adlulileyo. Kodwa i-term retro ixutywe kunye nekota yevintage, ethi nangona inezinto ezininzi ezifanayo, zahlukile ngokwenyani kwaye zibhekisa kwiindlela ezahlukeneyo. Izinto zeediliya yiyo yonke loo misebenzi evela ngaphambili ngaphandle kokufumana naluphi na uhlengahlengiso, ubuncinci abakhange balwenze uhlengahlengiso olukhulu. Oku kuyindalo evela kwezinye iindawo eziye zagcinwa kwaye zifana newayini elungileyo, ixesha libanike ixabiso elingakumbi. Ukudalwa kweRetro okanye iingoma ziyindalo yangoku, eqhutywa neenkqubo ezikhoyo kodwa zixelisa izikhokelo okanye iimodeli ezenziwe kumaxesha amandulo. Ngale ndlela, zonke izindululo ezibonisa ngokucacileyo ukuba ngabayilo zizindululo ze-retro. Ezi ntsingiselo zikhona kwihlabathi lokufota kunye nokufota njengoko zinjalo kuyilo lwewebhu, ukubhala kunye nokubekwa.
  • ICubism: Yimvelaphi yazo zonke ii-avant-gardes zenkulungwane yamashumi amabini kwaye inyani kukuba yayiyeke ukubonakala kwayo iyeke ukuthetha ngamagama amancinci ukubhengeza ngokusesikweni ikhefu kunye nomjikelo wobugcisa odlulileyo. Iyabhaptizwa njenge cubism ngenxa yokusetyenziswa rhoqo kweetyhubhu ukumela nantoni na nawuphina umsebenzi. Ukujonga izinto ezininzi sisiseko esisisiseko seli xesha lobugcisa. Onke amalungu kunye nobuso bezinto zimelwe ngaxeshanye, oko kukuthi, yonke into eyaziwayo malunga nayo iboniswa kwinqwelomoya enye. Lo mba wezenzululwazi nobuchwephesha unomdla kakhulu kuba usebenza ngobugcisa ngokwembono yovavanyo ngokupheleleyo kwaye ngandlela thile uvula umnyango wendalo iphela kunye nengcinga entsha yobugcisa. Kwaye kukuba le mbono isasebenza kuyilo oluninzi, obo bubungqina obungenakuphikiswa ngomgangatho wayo. Ngaphandle kwexesha elidlulileyo, iirekhodi zabo kunye negalelo labo liyaqhubeka nokuba sisiqhelo kuzo zonke iintlobo zezindululo. Singafumana intsalela yePicasso, iBlanchard, iBraque okanye iGris kulo naluphi na uhlobo lomsebenzi: Imifanekiso eqingqiweyo, i-cinema, iiposta zentengiso ...
  • Ukuziqhelanisa: Yenye yezona zinto zintle kakhulu kwezobugcisa zenkulungwane yama-XNUMX. Amanani anje ngeBosco okanye iGoya ayephethe ukuvula indlela yokuba igama elithi surrealism livele kamva. Isicatshulwa esivela kutitshala omkhulu uGoya sinokuzisa konke oku. "Iphupha lesizathu livelisa izilo". Kodwa sisivumela nini isizathu sethu sokulala nokuphupha? Sivumela nini ukuba sizihlukanise nemithetho esekwe yisayensi, uluntu kunye nesiko? Mhlawumbi loo nkululeko ivusa amaphupha kukutya kwesilo esikhulu sokwenene esinaso ngaphakathi. Elona lifa likhulu sishiywe zezi zinto zichaseneyo yayikukuvukela inyani kunye nengqondo. Isizathu sasibonakala ngequbuliso ukuba lolona tshaba lukhulu lomntu ngokumnciphisa kunye nokunciphisa imeko engalunganga. Ngumzuzu, apho ulonwabo lwentelekelelo kunye nokubaluleka kwefantasy kulawula imizobo, imiboniso bhanyabhanya kunye nobugcisa. Ubuyatha bamaphupha kunye nehlabathi elingenangqondo limelwe ukulungiselela zonke iintlobo zezindululo, nangona kunjalo zinokumangalisa. Namhlanje izibonakalisa ngaphezulu kwayo yonke into ekufakweni kweefoto, umzekeliso kunye nezo ndawo zivumela inkululeko enkulu kwaye ziphantsi kolawulo ngokusesikweni nakwizifundo.
  • Ihipsta: Ngandlela thile, sinokuthi intshukumo yehipster ngumxube weempawu ezininzi zamaza angaphambili. Intshukumo yangoku okanye intshukumo yehipster ngoyena mntu ubonakalisa imeko yolutsha yanamhlanje. Ekuqaleni yayinxulunyaniswa nomculo ozimeleyo kodwa ngokufuthi isenzeka le nto ikhulelweyo iphela ibandakanya amanye amacandelo obugcisa kunye nehlabathi loyilo. Ukuba sithetha ngeempawu zayo eziphambili, ibonakala ngokuba yi-eclectic kunye nokuzisa kunye nenxalenye elungileyo yezithako ezathi zenziwa yiminye intshukumo yasemva kwemfazwe enje nge-beatnik, hippie, punk kunye ne-grunge. Kuyilo lwegraphic oku kubonakaliswa sisandla sezinto ze-retro, ubuncinci, isurrealism kwaye mhlawumbi ikybhismusi, nangona kungaphantsi.

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