Imihla engama-40 ebalulekileyo kwimbali yoyilo lwegraphic

IMIHLA Yoyilo

Namhlanje sibhiyozela omnye weyona mihla ibalulekileyo: Usuku lwamazwe ngamazwe loyilo lwegraphic. Yeyiphi indlela ebalaseleyo yokubhiyozela kunokuba ujonge amanyathelo esiwathathe kwimbali yoyilo lwegraphic? Ukusuka kwimvelaphi yolu qeqesho kude kube namhlanje kunetha kakhulu kwaye ibiyindlela egcwele iingqondi ezininzi njengeengqondi ezithi ngendlela yelifa zisishiyele ubutyebi bolwazi kunye nezixhobo ezingapheliyo kwaye zisivumela ukuba siphuhlise ubuchwephesha obukhulu, Umsebenzi wobugcisa kunye nokuqonda ngokuchanekileyo nangokulula. Uyilo lukhulile kwaye lwenza umhlaba ukuba ukhule ngesantya esibi, utyebisa umfanekiso kunye nokuqonda kwezigidi zabantu.

Nalu ukhetho lwe imihla emashumi mane (eziye zaba ngamanqwanqwa) eziphawulwe ngaphambi nasemva ngendlela yokuqonda kunye nokuziqhelanisa noyilo. Yiba noluntu oluhle lokuyila ngosuku

  • 10.000 BC Imiboniso yokuqala yonxibelelwano kwimizobo yomqolomba. Iifoto zePaleolithic.
  • 3.200 - 3.000 BC Ukuphuhliswa kweehieroglyphs eYiphutha njengokubonakaliswa kweembono.
  • 3.000 BC Iincwadi zokuqala zibhalwe kubantu baseSumeriya, eMesopotamiya. Basebenzisa ingcongolo benencam kwelinye icala ukuzoba iisimboli kumacwecwe odongwe amanzi.
  • 114 BC Ikholamu kaTrajan, ilitye lesikhumbuzo lesikhumbuzo elali-odolwe ngu-Emperor Trajan, yayiyimbonakalo yaseburhulumenteni karhulumente.
  • 79 BC EPompeii "kwenziwa iipowusta" ezazisa ngeemfazwe zesekisi, ngokuqesha indawo yokucima ukoma, okanye ngeenkcukacha zeenkonzo zoonongogo. Ziyimiqondiso yokuqala yokwazisa.
  • 105d. C. E-China, iphepha laqulunqwa.
  • Ukuphela kwekhulu le-XNUMX I-Pekin i-Kaiyuan Zabac iprintwe kwi-woodcut.
  • 800d. C. Incwadi yeeKells, umbhalo obhaliweyo obhalwe yi-Celtic monks, uthathwa ngabaninzi njengenye yemisebenzi yokuqala yoyilo lokuqonda kunye nomgangatho ophezulu.
  • 1.300d. C. Kwiiprinta zaseTurkestan kusetyenziswe oonobumba bokuqala abanokushenxiswa.
  • 1.409d. C. Incwadi yokuqala eyaziwayo, eprintwe eKorea ngoonobumba bentsimbi.
  • 1438-1440 d. C. UGutenberg wenza umbono wokuqala ngabalinganiswa abashukumayo eStrasbourg. Ukuveliswa komatshini wokushicilela.
  • 1482d. C. Ipowusta yokuqala iprintiwe. «Uxolelo olukhulu lwenenekazi lethu laseReims».
  • 1.485d. C. Ngexesha leemfazwe e-Itali "iiflaya" zokuqala zavela.
  • 1.536-1.539 d. C. Umatshini wokushicilela ufika eMelika (Mexico).
  • 1.796 AD I-Aloys Senefelder iphuhlisa i-lithography njengenkqubo yokushicilela.
  • 1.822d. C. UJoseph N. Niepce ufumana ifoto yokuqala esisigxina.
  • 1.829d. C. Iingcinga kuyilo lwentengiso zikho ngakumbi njengoko uhlelo lokupapashwa nalo lusanda.
  • 1.837d. C. U-Godefroy Engelmann uphuhlisa i-chromalithography evela kwi-German color lithographic headers.
  • 1.850d. C. Iifoto ziqala ukusetyenziswa ukubhengeza iimveliso zorhwebo.
  • Ukuphela kwe- S. XIX E-United Kingdom, ubuGcisa bobuGcisa nobuGcisa buqala
  • 1880d. C. Isikrini esihlohliweyo sisetyenziswa kwiimagazini, kubonisiwe, esinceda ukuphucula umgangatho wokuprinta.
  • 1880-1900 d. C. Isizukulwana sesibini soBugcisa kunye neMisebenzi yoBugcisa.
  • Ekupheleni kweMfazwe yokuQala yeHlabathi I-Dadaism ivela njengentshukumo yobugcisa.
  • Ngo-1.904 d. C. Ifilimu yokuqala yokwazisa yenzelwe uMoet-et Chanplon, eyenziwe ngabazalwana bakaLumière.
  • 1.907 d. C. Kumiselwe ubugcisa obutsha, i-cubism, ebeka amanani kunye neemilo zeenqwelomoya zejometri.
  • 1.909d. C. UFilippo Marinetti ufumanise i-Futurism, ethathelwa ingqalelo njenge "typographic revolution."
  • S. XX d. C. Irediyo, i-cinema kunye nomabonwakude bafumana indima ebaluleke kakhulu kwintengiso.
  • 1.922d. C. EUnited States, unomathotholo uba lelona qonga liphambili lentengiso.
  • 1.925d. C. UHerbert Bayer uqhuba i-typography kunye nentengiso yeworkshop, indawo yokuyila amanzi njengomsebenzi wobugcisa.
  • 1.928d. C. Imigaqo yochwethezo lwale mihla, iTypography entsha, nguJan Tsehichold.
  • 1.936d. C. I-35mm SLR yokuqala iyavela.
  • 1,938d. C. UDiohte usebenzisa izifundo ezikhuthazayo kwintengiso.
  • 1.950d. C. Iipotograms zangoku ziphuhliswa eUnited States kwiipaki zesizwe.
  • 1.956d. C. Uyilo luyanda kwisikolo se-Ulm njengobuchwephesha bendlela yesayensi.
  • 1.964d. C. "Intengiso kufuneka ibe sisigculelo esibonakalayo": URaymond Savignac usebenzisa le ntanda-bulumko yokunika amandla kumfanekiso kwimisebenzi yokupapasha ye-ASPRO.
  • 1.985d. C. Ngokwaziswa kwesoftware yoyilo, ukushicilela i-desktop kuqala, iikhompyuter zibaluleke kakhulu kuyilo.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
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  1.   UJuan Jose Serrano Arana sitsho

    linomdla kakhulu kweli bali.