Iminyaka engama-30 ye-GIF yokuqala, ngubani owayenokucinga

IGIF endala

Olu ngcelele imifanekiso eshukumayo eziphindaphindwe kwilog enegama le-GIF kwaye kulo nyaka u-2017 uphawula iminyaka engama-30 ukusukela oko yavela, ngo-1987, njengefomathi elula yonxibelelwano eyayinalo ixesha kwaye nayo iye yaziwa kakhulu kwi-intanethi nokunxibelelana phakathi kwabasebenzisi benethiwekhi yoluntu kude kube namhla.

Ngo-1986 ukuphuhliswa kwe-GIF kwaqala kwaye inkampani eyaqala ngokudalwa yayikho Ukugcina, Nto leyo bakwazi ukunikela ngeenkonzo zamandulo online kwaye ukuba abasebenzisi ukuba ukufikelela amagumbi encoko, iiforamu okanye ulwazi lwesitokhwe ngeemodem ababenazo.

I-GIF yaba ngumxholo wengxoxo ethile kwimizuzu yakhe yokuqala yobomi

Inkqubo yokucinezela

Lo Inkqubo yokucinezela Ndayisebenzisa ngo-1985 ndaziswa yishishini le-Unisys, kulapho iCompuServe yathi babengazi ngayo. Kwaye khange yenzeke kude kube ngu-1994 ngela xesha ezi nkampani zimbini zidibene kwaye inkampani ye-Unisys yabhengeza oko zaziza kuvumela ukusetyenziswa kwefomathi enelayisensi kutshintshiselwano ngesixa esincinci kwiipropathi zorhwebo.

Umntu oqale ukwenza ezi imifanekiso eshukumayo okanye I-GIF, wayenza njengendlela yokubonisa imifanekiso emileyo kwaye yayiyinjineli uSteve Wilhite. Ngale ndlela, umphathi wakhe uSandy Trevor wayefuna ukumnceda asombulule ezona ngxaki ziphambili wayenazo ngelo xesha.

UWilhite yenze i-GIF esekwe kwiprothokholi yoxinzelelo engakhange ivelise ilahleko enegama le-Lempel-Ziv-Welch (LZW), elawula ukuba ngoMeyi ka-1987 inguqulo yayo yokuqala ekulungele ngokupheleleyo, eyayingumfanekiso wenqwelo-moya.

Phambi kokuba uSir Tim Berners-Lee ayile i Iwebhu yelizwe jikelele Kwaye emva kokuba isikhangeli sikaMosisi siyenze yathandwa kakhulu, i-GIF yenza ukubonakala kwayo kwiminyaka emibini ngaphambili, kanye njengoko befuna ukwenza, kwaye ke bakwazile ukubonelela ngemifanekiso enolwazi kunye neetshathi zesitokhwe ezinobungakanani obuncitshisiweyo befayile.

Nangona kunjalo, ukusuka kwi-1994 ukuya kwi-1995, yayilixesha apho abantu kwihlabathi liphela baqale ukuphuhlisa awabo amaphepha ewebhu kwiziza ezinje ngeGeocities, kubangela oko kubizwa ngokuba ngumzuzu we-GIF craze, ke ifomathi ene yenza imifanekiso yoopopayi ngohlobo lweluphu yaba yinto ebaluleke kakhulu kuloo minyaka yokuqala.

Kwikota yee-90s nakwinkulungwane yama-XNUMX, kwabakho ukwanda kwiiGeocities, ezihamba nezizathu ezazimelwe kwaye ibangela ukuba i-GIF ihlale inxulumana nokonwaba.

I-GIF inokulayishwa ngomnye wamaxesha okuqala abayili bephepha iwebhu yexesha, kusetyenziswa iimodem ezindala ezingama-56k, ngexesha elincinci elincinci.

Ukushukuma gif

Nangona kunjalo, into yokusasazeka kwe-GIF, yaphela ngokukhawuleza njengesiqalo sayo kwaye kukuba kwiminyaka yokuqala yenkulungwane ye-XXI, njengoko uyilo lwewebhu lwalutshintsha, oopopayi babenyamalala, Ngaphandle kwento yokuba ngo-1997 no-1998 i-GIF iphelelwe lixesha, ibangela abanye abaphuhlisi bedijithali njengo-Olia Lialina, thatha ithuba lokuphanda ngemisebenzi yale fomathi kwaye ngenxa yomsebenzi wabo bonke, bakwazile ukuhlangula i-GIF ngokuyijika ibe yifomathi enomdla ngakumbi, njengendlela yonxibelelwano ebonakalayo.

Nangona kunjalo, ithathela ingqalelo yonke into eyenzekileyo, i-GIF ikwazile ukuhlala kwi-intanethi. Nangona ye- Abantu abanjengoAdam Leibsohn kunye neenkampani ezifana ne-CEO yeGiphy, imele ukuba yifomathi yemvukelo, kuba inika abasebenzisi ithuba lokupapasha le mifanekiso kwiindawo apho kungafuneki ukuba babekhona.

Ngaphandle kwayo yonke into nanamhlanje, i-GIF ibuyile ngenxa yamaqonga amaninzi afumaneka kwi-intanethi. Iinethiwekhi zentlalo ezidumileyo ezinje nge-Facebook kunye ne-Twitter kunye nemithombo yeendaba njenge-Buzzfeed iphumeze ukusetyenziswa kwayo.

Ukuthatha ithuba kuloo nto I-GIF ijika i-30, Sithiya ezinye zezona zidumileyo njengoMichael Jackson esitya iipopcorn kunye noKermit isele ngokunyanisekileyo echwetheza umatshini wokubhala.

 


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