UDavid, omnye wemifanekiso eqingqiweyo emangazayo kwimbali yobugcisa

UDavid kaMichelangelo

«100902.Crucero.IMG_1813» nguRicardo SB unelayisensi phantsi kweCC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Ukutyhubela imbali yobugcisa bekukho abakroli abakhulu abaye benza umlingo ngezandla zabo. Ukubeka imifanekiso eqingqiweyo, inyani, enxulunyaniswa nembali enkulu okanye intsomi ngenxa yeempembelelo zazo.

Kule post Masibone ezinye izinto malunga noMichelangelo's David, ukusihambisa ngexesha lokudalwa kwalo. Masibuyele emva ngexesha!

UDavid kaMichelangelo mhlawumbi ngowona mfanekiso udumileyo kwimbali yobugcisa. Lo mzobo ukrolwe ngemabhile, iimitha ezi-5,17 ukuphakama kunye nama-5572 eekhilogram ubunzima, Yenziwe nguMiguel Ángel Buonarroti phakathi kwe-1501 ne-1504. Lo mfanekiso wawugunyaziswe ngu Duomo Opera Kwicawa yaseSanta Maria del Fiore, eFlorence. Inkqubo ye- Duomo Opera wayephethe ulondolozo nokugcinwa kweendawo ezingcwele. Kwakhona yiofisi yezabasebenzi yeCathedral yaseFlorence kunye nombutho wabathengisi boboya. La maqela Bafuna ukwakha imifanekiso eqingqiweyo emikhulu elishumi yabalinganiswa beBhayibhile YeSanta María del Fiore. UDavid wayengowesithathu ukuba aqingqwe.

Imele uloyiso lukaDavide eBhayibhileni ekujonganeni noGoliyati. Kodwa kutheni le khomishini yaveliswa ngokukodwa? Njengophawu lweRiphabhlikhi yaseFlorence, yokoyiswa kwe-Girolamo Savonarola yenkolo ngaphambi kolawulo lweMedici kunye nesoyikiso samaPapa. Kule meko intlanzi encinci itye enkulu.

Kwaye yavela phi ibhloko emarmore enjalo? Ewe, ukusuka kwikwari yaseFantiscritti, eCarrara, kuthuthwa ngolwandle ukuya eFlorence ngasemlanjeni iArno.

Wenza ntoni uMiguel Ángel ukuze enze lo msebenzi? Ewe, ngokusekwe kwimizobo kunye neemodeli ezincinci ezenziwe nge-wax okanye iterracotta. Ngokuchasene noko kunokulindelwa, UMichelangelo akazange enze imodeli yokutyala ubungakanani bobomi, njengoko yayisenziwa ngelo xesha, kodwa yayisenziwa ngokuthe ngqo kwimabhile, kusetyenziswa isizili.

Olunye lweempawu ezenza ukuba lukhetheke kukuba lunokunconywa nangayiphi na indlela, hayi ukusuka ngaphambili, njengoko bekunjalo kwimifanekiso eqingqiweyo yamaxesha aphakathi. UDavid unokunconywa kuzo zonke iiprofayili, into eyayifundwa nguMichelangelo ngokweenkcukacha xa eyikrola.

UDavid kaMichelangelo

«UDavid de Miguel Angel, uGalleria dell'Accaedemia» ngugemma.grau unelayisensi phantsi kweCC BY-NC-SA 2.0

Kukholelwa ukuba, koku kumelwa kukaDavide, uGoliyati akoyiswa, kuba, ngesikhundla sakhe, ibonakala ilungiselelwe umlo, kwimpixano, nomzimba wajika kancinane (ukuma okwaziwayo ngelo xesha, kuthiwa Utshintsho. Ngeli thuba kukholelwa ukuba kungenxa yomngxunya kwisikhunta sokuqala, apho uMichelangelo kuye kwafuneka ukuba azilungelelanise), i-frown kunye neempumlo ezivulekileyo, zikwimeko enomsindo, malunga nokuhlasela. Olunye uphononongo lukholelwa ukuba umfanekiso oqingqiweyo umele umzuzu xa uDavid ebulele uGoliyati kwaye emjonga ngomsindo kodwa ezolile.

Enye into ebangela umdla kukuba uDavid ayihlangabezani nemilinganiselo yeklasikhi ezadibana nemifanekiso eqingqiweyo yexesha. Kukholelwa ukuba kungenxa yemeko apho umfanekiso wawuza kuhlala khona, kwenye yeendawo zokuhlala zaseSanta María del Fiore, ngendlela yokuba kude oku kuzaliseka.

Ikwaqaqambisa ukuba makolusweKuba uDavid wayengumJuda, ayisiyiyo imeko ekuqingweni. Iinkcazo ezininzi zinikiwe ngale nyani, akukho zigqibo.

Ekugqibeleni, lo msebenzi wobugcisa Yabekwa ePlaza de la Signoria, apho namhlanje kukho ikopi yeemitha ezi-3 ukuphakama, xa yatshintshwa ngo-1873. Utshintsho lwenzeka ngenxa yokuhlaselwa rhoqo ngabakhuseli beMedici (wayexulutywa ngamatye, ingalo yanqunyulwa, njl. Okwangoku ikhuselwe kwiGalari ye-Academy ukusuka eFlorence, apho imigca emide yabakhenkethi iza kulangazelela ukubona lo msebenzi wobugcisa.

Kwaye wena, ulinde ntoni ukuze ufumane okungakumbi ngobomi obunomdla babalingisi beRenaissance?


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.