Yonke into ubungazi malunga nokuFundwa kweMibala

Iipensile ezinemibala

“Imibala” ngu-arjun.nikon ilayisenisi phantsi kweCC BY-SA 2.0

Kuqikelelwa ukuba iliso lomntu linokwahlula ngaphezulu kwemibala ... Ukwazi iimpawu zayo sinokuba nemibono emininzi ngakumbi kwindalo yethuNokuba yeyokupeyinta, ukuhombisa, uyilo nayo yonke into enokusetyenziswa imibala.

Umbala ufundwe ngokubanzi ziifilosofi, izazinzulu, iingcali zengqondo, amagcisa ... kuyo yonke imbali. Singathetha ngeepropathi zayo, isangqa se-chromatic, iintlobo zombala ngokweendlela ezininzi, izikali ze-chromatic, iziphumo zengqondo ... kunye neetetera ezinde.

Emva koko siza kuphuhlisa nganye yezi mpawu.

Isangqa se chromatic

Isangqa seChromatic

Isangqa se-chromatic kukubonakaliswa kwemibala yemibala apho ukukhanya okubonakalayo kuqhekeke khona. Ingabonisa imibala ephambili okanye imibala yesibini kunye nenqanaba lesithathu. Akukho mhlophe (isixa semibala ephambili) okanye emnyama (ukungabikho kokukhanya) kuvela.

Imibala ephambili: ayinakufezekiswa ngokudibanisa eminye imibala.

Imibala yesibini: Zenziwe ngokuxuba imibala emibini ephambili.

Imibala ephezulu: Zenziwe ngokudibanisa umbala wokuqala kunye nowesibini.

Kukho imijikelezo eyahlukeneyo ngombala kuxhomekeke ekubeni imibala yazo ephambili ichaziwe na ngombala wendalo (kwimeko yepeyinti), isikrini (kwimeko yoyilo okanye yokufota) okanye ii-inki zomshicileli.

Ivili lemibala yepeyinti (RYB): isebenzisa imibala yemveli, ezona ziphambili ziBomvu, Mthubi neBlue.

Ivili lombala loyilo okanye ukufota (RGB): isebenzisa imibala elula, ziBomvu, ziluhlaza kunye neBlue.

Isondo lombala labashicileli (i-CMYK): isebenzisa imibala sombala, ziiCyan, iMagenta kunye noMthubi. Kule meko, i-inki emnyama yongezwa ukwenza ubungakanani obukhulu.

Iimpawu zombala

Umbala uneempawu ezintathu ezisisiseko: umbala, ukugcwala kunye nokuqaqamba.

Hue: wahlula umbala omnye komnye, ubhekisa kwiyantlukwano encinci kwithoni umbala owenzayo kwisangqa se-chromatic kwindawo ekufutshane. Kukho imibala emininzi kuxhomekeke kumbala wayo. Ke, ngaphakathi kwetoni ebomvu sinako ukwahlula imibala eyahlukileyo ebomvu: umbala obomvu, amaranth, i-carmine, ivermilion, garnet, njl.

Ukuzaliseka: lixabiso elingu grey elinombala, elimisela ukuba lukhulu kangakanani. Ke, ukuphakama kokugcwala, ubukhulu ngakumbi kunye nenani elincinci lezimvi ekubunjweni kwalo.

Ukukhanya: Ngumlinganiselo wokukhanya umbala obonakalisayo, oko kukuthi, ukukhanya okanye mnyama. Ukukhanya okuphezulu, kokukhona kukhanya ngakumbi.

Isikali seChromatic

Xa sahluka kwezi ndawo zingasentla, senza isikali chromatic. Eli nqanaba linokuba yi-achromatic.

ChromaticImibala esulungekileyo imhlophe okanye imnyama, ngenxa yoko ukwahluka kokukhanya, ukugcwala kunye ne-hue.

Ichromatic: Ngwevu umbala omhlophe uye mnyama.

Ukuhambelana kombala kunye nombala weAdobe

Umbala we-Adobe

Imvisiswano phakathi kwemibala yenziwe xa inento ethile efanayo. Sinokuqaqambisa inkqubo yeMibala ye-Adobe kule meko, njengoko izakuvumela ukuba senze uninzi lwee-palettes ezinemibala ehambelana, sijongana nobudlelwane obahlukeneyo esiza kubona apha ngezantsi.

Imibala engafaniyoImibala engummelwane yombala okhethiweyo kwivili lemibala.

Imibala yemonochromatic: zii-shades zombala.

Imibala emithandathu: iya kuba yimibala emithathu yokulingana kwisangqa se-chromatic, esahluke kakhulu komnye nomnye. Umzekelo imibala ephambili.

Imibala ehambelanayo: yimibala ebekwe ngendlela eyahlukileyo kwisangqa se-chromatic.

Kwaye njl njl njl.

Iziphumo zombala ebantwini

Iziphumo zengqondo eziveliswe kukusetyenziswa kwemibala eyahlukeneyo ebantwini nazo ziye zafundwa ngokubanzi. Ikwaphembelela into yokuba kwimbali yonke imibala inxulunyaniswa neziganeko ezahlukeneyo, idlulisela intsingiselo yenkcubeko kubo. Kwinkcubeko yasentshona:

Mhlophe: uxolo, ubunyulu. Kwakhona ukubanda, inzalo.

Negro: imfihlakalo, ubuhle, ubugcisa. Kwakhona ukufa, kubi.

Rojo: uthando, isini, amandla.

Verde: indalo, impilo, ukulingana.

Azul: ukuzola, ukuzibophelela.

Rosa: ulutsha, ukuthamba.

Yintoni oyilindeleyo ukuba uqale ukudala imibala yemibala ehambelanayo kwimisebenzi yakho kwaye ivelise isiphumo osifunayo kwabanye?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.