Isishwankathelo esilula malunga neelayisensi ze-Creative Commons

Ubunjani beCreative

Nangona kukho ezininzi Imithetho ekhusela amalungelo obunini kwimisebenzi, Kunzima ukulawula kwaye ngakumbi ukuba sibhekisa kwinethiwekhi. Ababhali abaninzi bavumela abanye abasebenzisi ukuba basebenzise imisebenzi yabo phantsi kweemeko ezithile. Le miqathango iphawulwe Iilayisensi zeCreative Commons. Bayasivumela kwaye basiqinisekise ngamalungelo omxholo.

Itotali iyonke Iindidi ezintandathu ezahlukeneyo zelayisensi ye-Creative Commons. Ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi malunga nesihloko, musa ukuyeka ukufunda kuba siza kukunika isishwankathelo esilula ngalo mbandela. Unokuxhamla kokubini ukuba ungumbhali ofuna ukwabelana ngemisebenzi yabo, okanye kwelinye icala, ungumsebenzisi ofuna ukusebenzisa izinto ezivela komnye ngelixa uhlonipha iimeko.

Yintoni iCommon Commons?

Njengoko besesitshilo kwisithuba esedlule, i-Creative Commons imalunga ne- Umbutho ongenzi nzuzo. Ime eCalifornia, eUnited States. Zinikezelwe Ukuqinisekisa ababhali beziqwenga ezahlukeneyo imida yokuxhaphaza imisebenzi yabo okanye indalo kwi-Intanethi. Kwelinye icala, ivumela abasebenzisi ukuba basebenzise ngokusemthethweni iiprojekthi okanye imisebenzi yabanye, ukuba nje iilayisensi ziyahlonitshwa.

Kukho ezahlukileyo iintlobo zeelayisensi Uyilo oluqhelekileyo. Inkqubo ye- iisimboli ezahlukeneyo ezibonakalayo zinxulunyaniswa nelayisensi nganye kwaye, ke ngoko, iimvume ezahlukeneyo ezithi zivunyelwe nganye nganye kuzo. Siza kubabona ngezantsi ukuze bazi ukuba basinika ntoni.

Iilayisensi ze-Creative Commons

Njengoko bebabiza, iilayisensi ziqulathe "iileya" ezintathu. Okokuqala, sifumana umaleko wokuqala esiya kuwufumana kulo naliphi na iphepha-mvume: Ikhowudi yeLegal. Njengokuba ingengabo bonke abasebenzisi abanolwazi ngezomthetho, uluhlu lwesibini "iSivumelwano esiqhelekileyo" okanyeEfundekayo umntu".

La Umaleko wokugqibela welayisensi ngulowo unakanwa yisoftware. Isetyenziselwa ukwenza kube lula kwiWebhu ukufumana imisebenzi phantsi kwelayisenisi yeCreative Commons. Inguqulelo kule meko iya kuba "Umatshini uyafundeka".

Uhlobo lweelayisensi

iilayisenisi

Ezi layisenisi zineeparameter ezahlukeneyo ezinokudityaniswa kunye. Sibona ngezantsi:

  •  Isabelo (BY): Eli phepha-mvume livumela abanye ukuba basebenzise umsebenzi okoko nje ukubhalwa kwendalo yoqobo kuvunywa. Ingasasazwa, ixutywe, isetyenziselwe iinjongo zorhwebo phakathi kwezinye iinjongo. Ngamafutshane, umsebenzi unokusetyenziswa, kodwa ucaphula umbhali.
  • Yabelana ngokufanayo (BY-SA): Ukusebenzisa imisebenzi phantsi kwelayisenisi kubalulekile ukukhankanya umbhali kwaye banelayisensi imisebenzi yabo emitsha phantsi kwemiqathango efanayo, kufuneka bafane.
  • Ngaphandle komsebenzi ovelisiweyo (BY-ND): Kule meko, umsebenzi ungasetyenziselwa, oko kukuthi, ukwabiwa kwakhona, ukuthengiswa okanye akunjalo, ngokude kungagqitywanga kwaye kudluliselwe ngokupheleleyo. Ewe kunjalo, evuma umbhali.
  •  Ukungasebenzisi urhwebo (BY-NC): Ikuvumela ukuba uguqule umsebenzi kwaye wakhe omnye ukusuka koqobo, kodwa ukuba injongo yayo ayisiyorhwebo.

Ezi ezine zangaphambili zezona ziphambili, kodwa kukho ezimbini ezingaphezulu ezidibanisa iimfuno, ezizizo esiza kuzichaza apha ngezantsi.

Iimvume ezingakumbi, ezona zithintelo

Okulandelayo, siza kuchaza iilayisensi ezimbini ezisele, ezi zidibanisa iimfuno ezichazwe apha ngasentla. Masibazi:

  • Ukungathengisi-Akukho msebenzi uvela (BY-NC-ND): Yeyona layisenisi ithintelayo kunazo zonke. Isivumela kuphela ukuba sikhuphele umsebenzi kwaye sabelane ngawo ixesha elide ukuba umbhali amkelwe kwaye angaguquki. Kananjalo, ayinakuba yeyorhwebo.
  • Ukungathengisi-Akukho msebenzi uvela (BY-NC-SA): Eli phepha-mvume lisivumela ukuba sixubeke, silungelelanise kwaye senze kulowo msebenzi wokuqala ukuba ayisiyiyo eyorhwebo. Kuya kufuneka uvume umbhali kwaye unike nelayisensi efanayo kulo msebenzi mtsha.

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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