Zeziphi izinto ezenza uyilo lwepowusta yaseJapan?

Asinakuthetha malunga noyilo lwegraphic ngaphandle kokucinga ngeJapan, yenye yezona zinto zibalulekileyo xa kufikwa kuyo ngokubonwayo ukunxibelelana imiyalezo okanye izimvo.

Namhlanje siza kuthetha nge iipowusta zaseJapan kwaye ke ngoko yoyilo lwegraphic lwaseJapan olugqame ngaphezu kwabanye kwaye kulula ukuqondwa ngabo babajongileyo. Imisebenzi yaseJapan ibonakala ngokulula ngokusebenzisa imibala, iifonti kunye nemigca.

La Ubuhle obulula bubalasele kwisitayile saseJapan. Bathi umJapan ngumntu onikwe ubugcisa kuwo onke amanqanaba kwaye uhlala efuna ukulungelelana kunye nobuhle. Ngoko abaqulunqi bafaka isandla kulo mkhwa wobuhle, ukucoceka kunye nokunambitheka okulungileyo.

Enye yezona zinto zibalaseleyo kuyilo lwegraphic yaseJapan iya kuba ukuba bhetyebhetye, olu phawu luhlobene nobulumko.

Ubugcisa bamandulo

ukiyo-e

IJapan lelinye lamazwe anefuthe elikhulu kwihlabathi lobugcisa enkosi kwiminikelo yabo efana noyilo lwabo kunye nobugcisa beplastiki.

Ngexesha Edo ukusuka 1603 ukuya 1868 i Imizobo yepowusta yaseJapan iqala ukuphuhliswa ngamagcisa alo mzuzu. Isuka eludongeni ukuya ephepheni njengenkxaso yokuphumeza indalo. Ngeli xesha, imisebenzi eyenziwe ngabaculi besikolo saseRinpa kunye nemizobo ye-ukiyo-e kunye neprints ibonakala.

Ixesha elide badala iipowusta ezisekelwe kwi-intuition, iimvakalelo ngokusebenzisa imivumbo elula kunye nesimboli. Ngenxa yezikolo zobugcisa nootitshala ababefundisa, kwavela abazobi bokuqala bepowusta, abazoba imifanekiso nabakroli, phakathi kweminye imisebenzi.

Ukusukela ngoko, iJapan kunye nembali yoyilo lwegraphic ziye zadityaniswa kwaye yafunxa iimpembelelo ezahlukahlukeneyo yeRussian constructivism, yeDe Stijl movement, iBauhaus kwaye ngaphezu kwayo yonke inkcubeko yaseNtshona emva kweMfazwe Yehlabathi II.

Ukudibanisa zonke ezi mpembelelo kunye nencasa yakhe yezithethe zookhokho, sinoyilo lwegraphic lwaseJapan ngenxa yoko.

Ngowe-1868, iJapan yaba lilizwe amandla esibini ezoqoqosho ehlabathini eyanceda ukukhula kweemveliso zabo, ngokubhekiselele kwintengiso, ukunxibelelana ngeelogo zabo ... Kwaba ngelo xesha apho abaqulunqi bemifanekiso baseJapan baqala ukudlala, befaka isandla kwisitayile sabo.

Izinto ezenza uyilo lweepowusta zaseJapan

La indlela yokuqamba, imibala okanye ukusetyenziswa kwejometri yimiba emithathu ebalulekileyo kwisitayile saseJapan. Uyilo lwaseJapan ludale ulwimi lwalo ngenxa yemvelaphi yalo ekusebenziseni ukuchwetheza kunye neempawu zemifanekiso.

ipowusta yejometri yaseJapan

Las Iintlobo zochwethezo ezisetyenziswe kuyilo lwaseJapan zilinganiselwe kwaye oku kunceda iilogo zeebrendi abasebenza nazo zigqame kwipowusta.

Ukuqonda i-aesthetics yaseJapan, kufuneka uqonde ifilosofi yabo yobomi, yiyo loo nto sizifumana siphambi kwezi ziqwenga ezineenkcukacha. Uyilo lwegraphic yaseJapan dlala ngokungafezeki ukukwazi ukufumana iziqwenga ze-asymmetries okanye ukusetyenziswa kwamanani a-odd athi kumaxesha amaninzi yindlela oko kungafezeki esithetha ngako kubonakaliswe.

Le mihla ixutywe ne-asymmetrical, lo mkhwa waziwa ngokuba yi-Wabi-Sabi, oko kuthetha ukuthini ukuba. bona ubuhle kokungafezeki. Nika ixabiso kwizinto ezilula nezicocekileyo ngoyilo olucacileyo.

Enye yezona mpawu zibalaseleyo zoyilo lwaseJapan kukusetyenziswa kwe Iipateni zeentyatyambo soloko ikhona kwinkcubeko Japanese ukumela iisimboli okanye iimvakalelo. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, amanani ejometri okanye iipateni zibonisa ukuhambelana.

Ukubamba ingqalelo kuluntu oluncinci, abayili babandakanya imifanekiso ephefumlelweyo yaseJapan okanye into efanayo, Manga. Le mizekeliso ibonakala ngamehlo ayo amakhulu, impumlo encinci nomlomo, kunye nezandla ezikufutshane. Ngokuqhelekileyo ziyinxalenye ephambili yepowusta.

Omnye umkhwa okhoyo kwiipowusta zaseJapan unxulumene nokuba yintoni kawaii, kunye nenkcubeko yobumnandi, ithenda. Oku kunceda ukwakha ukuthembana kwaye kusondeza uphawu kumsebenzisi. Bakha iimvakalelo zobubele, uvuyo, izinto ezihlala zilungile.

Ipowusta yaseJapan uyilo lwekawaii

Njengoko sele sikhankanyile, i-design yaseJapan ithatha ingqalelo kwiisimboli zakudala kunye nezendabuko, ezifana ne-calligraphy. Ukuzoba oonobumba kuthathwa njengobugcisa abambalwa abakwaziyo ukubufumana. Kuqhelekile ukubona iileta ezizotyiweyo kwiipowusta ezikhokelela ekuxubeni okwanamhlanje kunye neklasikhi.

Abayili beMizobo eBalaseleyo baseJapan

I-aesthetics yoyilo lwegraphic yaseJapan kwaye iya kuhlala ibonwa kwihlabathi liphela, ifumene iimbasa ezininzi enkosi kubameli bayo abaziwayo.

Asifuni ukulivala eli nqaku ngaphandle kokukhankanya abona bayili bemizobo baseJapan banempembelelo.

Shigeo Fukuda. Uzalelwe eTokyo ngo-1932. Umyili onesitayile sakhe apho ukusetyenziswa kwemibono yamehlo kugqama. Iphenjelelwe yi-origami trend. Uphawu lwakhe kukusebenzisa kwakhe imizekeliso emnyama kwimvelaphi enemibala eqaqambileyo.

Shigeo Fukuda Poster

Yugo Nakamura. Wazalelwa eNara, eJapan ngo-1970. Bambiza ngokuba yingqondo yokukhanya kwaye waziwa njengomnye wabayili ababalaseleyo kwihlabathi.

Ikko tanaka. Wazalelwa eNara, eJapan ngo-1930. Umsebenzi wakhe emva kokufa kwakhe usaqhubeka ukhuthaza amagcisa amatsha. Yadibanisa isimbo saseMpuma nesaseNtshona.

Ryūichi Yamashiro. Wazalelwa eJapan ngo-1920. Ithathwa njengentsomi kuyilo nakwintengiso. Omnye wemisebenzi eyaziwa kakhulu yi "Forest" ipowusta yokuchwetheza.

kazumasa nagai. Wazalelwa e-Osaka, eJapan ngo-1929. Umzobi wemifanekiso kunye nomzobi weposta. Ophumelele iimbasa ezininzi ngeepowusta zakhe. Umsebenzi wakhe ubhekisela kwisithethe sobugcisa baseJapan.

Tadanori Yokoo. Wazalelwa eJapan ngo-1936. Omnye wabaqulunqi abaphumeleleyo kunye namagcisa.

Ukuqukumbela, singabonisa ukuba uyilo lomzobo waseJapan lukhethekileyo kwaye sinokuyiqonda ukuba sinayo phambi kwethu kuba inomfanekiso omkhulu. Umthamo wokudibanisa, isusa okungafunekiyo ngaphandle kokuphulukana nomyalezo wayo wokuqala. Sinokuyihlela ngaphakathi koyilo oluncinci, luyilo ngaphandle kweengxaki, kuphela into ephambili imelwe. Kuya kufuneka ubonise ubuchule bendalo kwaye ngokuzenzekela ngaphandle kokuzenzisa.

Dibanisa ukusetyenziswa kwemibala eqaqambileyo, ngakumbi ebomvu, igolide kunye nomnyama, kunye nemibala ebandayo kunye ne-pastel shades. AmaJapan awoyiki ukuzama umbala kwaye yiyo loo nto enza imidibaniso ebonakala ingenakwenzeka.

Sinokufunda lukhulu ngokubulela kwinkcubeko yaseJapan xa sisenza ezethu iziyilo, kule nkcubeko kuninzi ekufuneka sikuphonononge. Abayili abaninzi baseNtshona bathathe iireferensi kuyilo lwegraphic yaseJapan ukwenza esabo isitayile. Akuqhelekanga ukudibanisa izinto zala maxesha kunye namagcisa amadala, amakhulu aseJapan akwenzileyo kwaye aphumelele uyilo olukhulu oluseluphawu namhlanje.

Ingcinga ecacileyo ukuba ufuna ukusebenza ngesitayile saseJapan kukuba unokuchaza okuninzi ngokuncinci, kufuneka wenze njalo lula ukuhambisa ngcono.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.