Imibala engafaniyo

Imibala engafaniyo

Olunye lolona lwazi luphambili lokuba i-drafman, uyilo okanye umyili kufuneka alwazi ngokubhekisele kumbala yinto ebizwa njalo imibala efanayo. Le yinxalenye ebaluleke kakhulu ekusebenzeni nabo kuba kufuneka wahlule kwabanye.

Kodwa yintoni imibala efanayo? Zeziphi iintlobo ezikhoyo? Fumanisa, apha ngezantsi, yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nabo kwesi sikhokelo silungiselele yona.

Yintoni imibala efanayo

Yintoni imibala efanayo

Into yokuqala ekufuneka uyazi yile nto sibhekisa kuyo ngemibala efanayo. Kodwa, ukwenza oku, kufuneka uqonde ukuba yintoni ivili lombala. Oku kuchazwa njengomboniso wegraphic apho imibala iyalelwe ngokusekwe kwithoni okanye i-hue. Ngamanye amagama, sisangqa apho imibala kunye neetoni zazo zimelwe zizonke, zibeka ngokwamaqela zonke ireds, yellows, greens, blues ... kuyo.

Ngale ndlela, sinokuyiqonda indlela imibala efana nayo leyo ikwi-balance kwaye isondele kakhulu komnye komnye. Qaphela ukuba "isifaniso" sithetha okufanayo okanye ezinxulumene. Ke ngoko, ezi zezo zisondelelene omnye komnye kwivili lombala.

Oku kukuvumela ukuba ukhethe imibala eza kudityaniswa kunye, kuba ngokwenene zabelana ngee-shades. Kwaye ufumana ntoni ngaloo nto? Ewe, kukho uhombiso lwe-monochromatic, apho ithoni ephambili ibalasele kwaye idityaniswe nezinye ezifanayo kumbala wokuqala.

Elinye lamaqhosha abambalwa abawaziyo ngemibala efanayo kukuba umbala othathiweyo, owokuqala, ubizwa ngokuba ngowona mkhulu kwaye imibala yawo ekufutshane iya kulungiswa ngasekunene nangasekhohlo. Oko kukuthi, awunakuthatha umbala omnye kunye nemibini elandelayo, kodwa kuya kufuneka ibenye ngaphambili kwaye enye ngasemva.

Iindidi zemibala engafaniyo

Iindidi zemibala engafaniyo

Imibala engafaniyo inokuhlelwa iindidi ezimbini ezibanzi: ezokuqala nezesekondari. Nangona kunjalo, ngaphakathi kokugqibela, ayizukungena onke, kodwa kuphela ngamanye.

Imibala ephambili

Imibala yaseprayimari ibizwa njalo ngokuba yimithunzi engafumanekiyo ngokudibanisa imibala emibini okanye nangaphezulu. Ngamanye amagama, zezona zinyulu okanye zoqobo ezingaphumi kumxube.

Zintoni ezo? Ewe, zinokuba bomvu, ziluhlaza kwaye ziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kwi-RGB, luhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, mthubi kunye ne-magenta kwi-CMYK okanye kwimodeli yendabuko, ebomvu, emthubi naluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka.

Yintoni ethathelwa ingqalelo imibala efanayo emva koko? Kule meko, abo bachongiweyo zezi: mthubi Bomvu Luhlaza.

Imibala yesibini

Kwelabo icala, imibala yesibini yeyona ifunyenwe kumxube wemibala yokuqala. Kuphela ngokudityaniswa kwemibala ephambili ye-2-3 imibala eyahlukeneyo ifunyenwe kodwa kuphela xa inani elifanayo lemibala lixubekile apho baya kuthi bathathwe njengasesekondari (kungenjalo ngekhe kubenjalo).

Kule meko, iorenji, luhlaza kunye nemfusa zithathwa njengemibala yesibini.

Ukusetyenziswa kwemibala efanayo

Imibala efanayo, njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili, zezo zisebenzisa ithoni efanayo kuzo zonke, ngendlela ethi xa zihonjiswa, okanye zisetyenziswa kuyilo, zivumele ukuba kubekho indibaniselwano emnye. Umzekelo, cinga ukuba ufuna ukuhombisa into ngeetoni ezibomvu usebenzisa ii-analogue zayo. Isiphumo kukuba yonke into iya kuba kwezo thowuni, kodwa eyona iphambili kwaye abanye bayinika ukuchukumisa kokwahlulahlula okufunekayo.

Ngokubanzi Imibala nganye enokusetyenziselwa izinto ezininzi. Umzekelo, iithowuni ezibandayo zilungele indawo apho ufuna ukuphumla khona, ezizolileyo nezolileyo.

Kwimimandla esebenzayo ngakumbi nalapho kufuneka khona amandla kuya kufuneka usebenzise imibala ye-analog eyomeleleyo.

Ngendlela esebenzayo:

  • Imibala enje ngombala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, omthubi ... Bayakhonza ukuze baphumle kwaye bazole.
  • Imibala efana nobomvu, tyheli ... Bafanelekile ukuhlala ngamandla.

Ewe kunjalo, xa umahluko omkhulu kufuneka, kuya kufuneka uye kwimibala ehambelanayo, enika umdlalo ongaphezulu kunye neziphumo ezingcono kunezi.

U mzekelo

imizekelo yemibala efanayo

Nje ukuba uyazi ukuba yeyiphi imibala efana nayo, into elandelayo ekufuneka siyenzile kukunika imizekelo yento enemibala. Ngokwenyani, zimbini izibini eziyimibala echaseneyo, njengoko zinjalo:

  • Olubomvu nohlaza.
  • Mthubi kunye nemfusa.
  • Luhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kunye neorenji.

Kwelinye icala, unale ilandelayo:

  • Mthubi kunye no-orenji oluhlaza satyheli kunye tyheli.
  • Iorenji enombala o-orenji tyheli kunye no-orenji -bomvu.
  • Bomvu ngombala obomvu o-orenji kunye nobomvu-bumfusa.
  • I-Violet ebomvu ebomvu kunye ne-purple purple.
  • Luhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngombala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kunye neti.
  • Luhlaza luhlaza-luhlaza kunye nohlaza-tyheli.

Ulwakhiwo lwezi zinto lusekwe kwisangqa se-chromatic ngendlela yokuba, ukuba ukhetha umbala, kuya kufuneka uwudibanise nalowo ungaphambili kunye nalowo emva kwangoko.

Njengoko ubona, imibala efana nayo inokusetyenziselwa izinto ezininzi, kumagumbi okuhombisa, amakhaya, iiofisi, njl. Nokuba uyilo lwewebhu, iilogo ezikhulayo kakuhle, imifanekiso, imifanekiso, njl.

Ngaba uyazi ngakumbi ngezi shades? Ngaba wabelana nathi?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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