Imizekelo yoyilo lokuchwetheza

uyilo lokuchwetheza

Umthombo: Imigca eBlue

Kwicandelo loyilo, iifonti bezisoloko ziyinto elungileyo yokudibanisa uyilo kunye nokusebenza. Kangangeminyaka, abaqulunqi abaninzi baye bafunda kwaye bahlalutya iifonti, unobumba ngeleta, kwaye benze iiprojekthi ezahlukeneyo ezinomdla kunye neziqhelekileyo kunye nabo.

Ayiqhelekanga kakhulu into yokuba sibone iipowusta zochwethezo zixhonywe kwezinye zeendonga zemyuziyam, kodwa nangona kunjalo, kukho uyilo lokuchwetheza oluthi, kumashumi eminyaka, lubambe ingqalelo yethu ngenxa yenqanaba labo eliphezulu lokwakheka.

Yiyo loo nto kule post, Sikuzisela ezinye zezona ziyilo zilungileyo zokuchwetheza, ukongeza, siya kuchaza ukuba ziyintoni kwaye zeziphi iimpawu abanazo. Siza kukubonisa noyilo oluthile lokukukhuthaza.

Uyilo lweTypographic: Zintoni?

uyilo lwefonti

Umthombo: IPinterest

Xa sithetha ngoyilo lokuchwetheza, Sithetha malunga nokuchwetheza, iifonti okanye iileta. Ngokubanzi, sithetha ngayo yonke into ejikeleze imithombo: izithuba zemigca, izithuba, iifonti, izimbo, njl.njl. Uyilo lokuchwetheza lubandakanya umsebenzi obaluleke kakhulu kwicandelo loyilo lwegraphic.

Igama elithi uyilo lochwethezo, ngokufutshane, libhekisa kwiseti yonke yezinto apho umlinganiswa oyintloko ngokungathandabuzekiyo ikukuchwetheza. Lukhetho oluhle ukuba into esifuna ukuyiqaqambisa kwiprojekthi yethu yifonti ethile. Ewe, ifonti nganye ekhoyo iyaliqonda ibali kwaye iyilwe ngenjongo emiselweyo.

Izinto ekufuneka ziqwalaselwe

uhlalutyo lokuchwetheza

Umthombo: Luis Cordina

umqolo womthombo

Xa siyila uyilo oluthile lokuchwetheza, kufuneka sithathele ingqalelo ubukhulu becala ikholamu okanye amathambo efonti. Kwaye ayikuko ukuba iifonti zinamathambo, kodwa kufuneka sijonge inkangeleko yazo ngokwasemzimbeni.

Xa sithetha ngekholamu sithetha ngenxalenye yangaphakathi yomthombo ngamnye. Ibizwa ngokuba yi-skeleton kuba, njengabantu, zenziwe ngomlinganiselo kunye ne-anatomy ebalulekileyo ukuhlalutya ngexesha lesigaba soyilo. PNgesi sizathu, imiba esisiseko efana nobubanzi okanye ubude boonobumba budibana apha.

Ubungakanani

Ukuba siyaqhubeka nokuphanda imbonakalo yomzimba, sidibana nenye into ebalulekileyo ekufuneka siyihlalutye, umyinge wokuchwetheza. Ngokomlinganiselo, imiba efana nobubanzi beeleta ingena, inkalo ebaluleke kakhulu ethathelwa ingqalelo kwiiprojekthi zesazisi senkampani.

Uhlobo ngalunye lokuchwetheza luyilwe kwaye lwenziwe ngendlela yokuba lube nobubanzi obahlukileyo kunolunye. Imiba enjengobubanzi idala ubuntu obubodwa bohlobo ngalunye lochwethezo. Ngesi sizathu, nanini na siza kukhuphela ifonti, kubalulekile ukuba uwuthathele ingqalelo lo mba. 

Ixabiso le-X

Ixabiso le-X lingaphezulu kwenzululwazi kunobugcisa. Ewe, iyabuqonda imilinganiselo yobude kunye nobubanzi bohlobo lokubhala. Kule nto, kubalulekile ukuba uyile uhlobo lwezikhokelo. Izikhokelo luluhlu lwemigca ebekwe kwi-landscape okanye ngendlela ethe tye. 

Ukuthelekisa kwimivumbo

Umahluko yenye into ekufuneka uyiqwalasele. Xa sithetha ngochasaniso, sithetha ukuba singakunika njani ngakumbi umlingiswa kunye nobuntu kwi-typography yethu ukuze ingasetyenziswa. Umahluko uya kunceda ukwenza ifonti ibe nomtsalane ngakumbi kwaye ngumba womzimba oza kufunyanwa ngokugqibeleleyo kwimivumbo.

Shape

Imilo ichazwa njengesithuba esikhoyo esiboniswe phakathi konobumba ngamnye. Kukho iindidi ezimbini, ifom kunye ne-counter form. I-counterform, ngokuchaseneyo, zizithuba ezimbi ezibonakalisiweyo kwaye zimelwe nganye kuzo. Zizinto eziphambili nezibalulekileyo, kuba zibonelela ngoyilo oluhle kunye nobuntu obukhulu kwiifonti zakho. Ukongeza, kukwabalulekile ukuba uyithathele ingqalelo kwiprojekthi yakho.

I-ductus okanye ukumodareyitha

I-ductus yinto evela kwi-calligraphy. Nangona ekuqaleni kunokubonakala ngathi ayiloxesha lifanelekileyo okanye elithathelwa ingqalelo kuyilo lokuchwetheza, lichasene noko. Ingumba ekufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo, kuba kweli gama sifumana uhlengahlengiso kunye nentshukumo enokuthi ngayo istrowuku ithethe nathi kwaye idlulise iimvakalelo ezahlukeneyo. Ngamafutshane, ngumba ekufuneka uthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba siza kusebenza ngeefonti ezahlukeneyo, ngakumbi kwihlabathi loyilo lophawu.

IiLigatures

Nanini na xa sibhekisa kwigama elithi ligatures, into ejoyina ngokukhawuleza ithi qatha engqondweni. Ewe, ekuqukumbeleni eli gama, singalichaza njengomanyano phakathi kwabalinganiswa ababini nangaphezulu. Esi siqalelo siluncedo kakhulu kwimisebenzi yesazisi yenkampani apho injongo ikukunikezela ngomba onzulu kunye nothuthuzelayo kwifonti. Ukuba asinikeli ngqalelo, ezinye zeempawu eziphezulu ezikhethekileyo eziqhelekileyo zibandakanya le manyano encinci kwiileta zabo. Ewe, asiyonto ingakhange yenziwe ngabom kodwa ichasene noko. Kunokuba luncedo ukuba ukhangela iikhonsepthi ezifana nobunewunewu kunye nobunzulu.

IiSerifs kunye neeSerifs

Ukuba siqhubeka nohlalutyo lwangaphambili lweefonti, sifikelela kwisigqibo sokuba nazo zenziwe nge-serifs kunye ne-serifs. Iifandesi zizihombiso ezincinci ezifumaneka ekupheleni kwesiqu okanye ingalo nganye yeleta ethile.

Kukho iintlobo ezininzi ze-serifs, kwintsapho nganye yokuchwetheza zihlelwe: inguqu, i-didones, i-glyphs, i-quadrangular okanye i-angular. Nganye kuzo iveza inkalo eyahlukileyo kunye nobuntu kunye nomlinganiswa owahlukileyo kwifonti nganye. Zezinye zezinto ezihlala zibalaseliswa ukuba sihlalutya ngokupheleleyo uhlobo oluthile lochwethezo.

I-axis

Kwaye okokugqibela kodwa kungancinci, siza kwi-axis. I-axis ichazwa njengethambeka likanobumba ngamnye. Njengoko ilutyekelo, sinokulujonga kwiindidi ezimbini, ngokuthe nkqo ngokupheleleyo (akukho kumodareyitha kwangaphandle okanye kwangaphakathi okanye ukuthambekela) kunye nokutyekela ngokupheleleyo.

Ukuba into esiyifunayo yi-typeface engqukuva, ke siya kuthetha nge-axis yayo. Ewe, i-axis ikhona kakhulu kwileta nganye engqukuva. Ngamafutshane, ikwangumba obaluleke kakhulu onokuthi ugcinwe engqondweni kwizihloko kunye noyilo lwesazisi senkampani.

Siyathemba ukuba ezi zinto zibandakanya uyilo lokuchwetheza zibe nomdla kuwe.

Imizekelo yoyilo lokuchwetheza

UPliego

IPliego ludidi lochwethezo oluyilwe ngumyili wohlobo uJuanjo López. Luhlobo lochwethezo oluphawulwa ngoluhlu oluphezulu lokufundeka, oluyenza ibe yifonti efanelekileyo yokufunda ngokukhululeka. Yifonti ecetyiswayo kwiitekisi ezinde nangokwenkangeleko yayo yomzimba, iyabonakala ukuba inotyekelo oluthile lobuntu, kunye nokuthungwa okubonisa ukufana okuthile. Ngamafutshane, ngaphandle kokubonisa i-serifs, bayenza i-typography enomoya othile kunye nenkangeleko yangoku kunye neyangoku. Ngolunye loyilo olucetyiswayo kakhulu.

Ifonti yeBauzahlen

Olu chwethezo lolunye lolona yilo luyilayo. Singasathethi ke ngolunye lwezoyilo zochwethezo ezinobuntu obuninzi. Yifonti eyilwe ngu-Ángel Hernández kwaye ibonakaliswa ngokuyilwa kuphela ngeemilo zejometri ezinje ngonxantathu, izangqa kunye noxande. Yindlela yokubhala ethi xa uthi krwaqu iphefumlelwe kwaye iphenjelelwe sisikolo saseBauhaus. Obona bukhulu bokumelwa kweendlela ezininzi zobugcisa kunye namagcisa akwinqanaba eliphezulu lawo. Ngamafutshane, i-typeface enobuntu obuninzi kwaye ifanelekile ukuba ifakwe kwizihloko ezinkulu, ngakumbi kwiipowusta.

imoranga

I-Moranga yifonti eyilwe yiLatinotype, i-arhente ezinikele kuyilo lokuchwetheza. Ikwayilwe nguSofia Mohr, luhlobo lochwethezo olunomoya othile wale mihla kunye nowangoku. Isebenzisa isitayile se-retro esenza ukuba ibe yenye yezona fonti zanamhlanje kunye nokuyila okwangoku. Yonke inkalo yoyilo lwefonti iphefumlelwe yi-70. Ixesha apho uninzi lwenkqubela phambili lubalasele. Ngokungathandabuzekiyo yenye yeefonti apho iinguqulelo ezahlukeneyo zefonti enye ziyilwe, eyenza kube lula kwaye kulula ukuyisebenzisa i-typography. Ifanelekile ukufundwa kunye nokusebenza okubhaliweyo.

Indawo yokudanisa

Umgangatho womdaniso luhlobo lochwethezo oluyilwe nguGuerrero Cortés. I-typography inenkalo yejometri ebonakalisa kakhulu. Luyilo lokuchwetheza Iyakwazi ukuvuselela ihlabathi lemidlalo yevidiyo kwaye ikuthuthe kwimidlalo yevidiyo ye-80. Isitayela sePac-Man ecocekileyo. Luchwethezo olugqibeleleyo lwemixholo yoopopayi.

Ezi zezinye zeeprojekthi zokuchwetheza eziyilwe ngabaqulunqi abathile. Siyathemba ukuba babe luncedo olukhulu kuwe kwiiprojekthi zakho kunye nenkuthazo kwimisebenzi yakho elandelayo. Ngokungathandabuzekiyo, ngamnye kubo uneempawu ezahlukeneyo ngokupheleleyo.

Isiphelo

Uyilo lokuchwetheza lubonisa indlela ifonti ehambisa ngayo umyalezo efuna ukunxibelelana nendlela efuna ukunxibelelana ngayo. Ngenxa yesi sizathu, kubalulekile ukuqwalasela zombini izinto ezijikelezayo ukusuka ngaphandle kunye nezo zangaphakathi ezingenakubonwa kwaye zichazwe njengento engabonakaliyo.

Siyathemba ukuba ufunde okungakumbi malunga nokuba loluphi uyilo lokuchwetheza olukwaziyo kwaye ngaphezu kwayo yonke into onokuba nobuganga ngayo ukuyila olona yilo lochwethezo lwenziweyo ukuza kuthi ga ngoku. Kule nto, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuba uzibhale kwangaphambili kwaye wenze uhlalutyo lwakho.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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