Ubasusa njani abantu kwi-photoshop

hlela umfanekiso

Umthombo: Ishishini

Ngokuqinisekileyo ukhe wafuna ngokungxamisekileyo ukususa into ebikhathaza ifoto yakho kwaye yajika yaba ngumfanekiso ongathandekiyo, kodwa ubungazi ukuba njani. Kule posi, I-Photoshop kwakhona i-protagonist Ukusukela ngeli xesha, siza kukubonelela ngesifundo esitsha okanye isikhokelo esincinci apho unokuphelisa kwaye ucime nayiphi na into echaphazela ukufota kwakho.

Sisifundo esilula apho siya kuchaza ukuba zeziphi izixhobo eziphambili zePhotoshop ezinokusetyenziswa.

Nje ukuba i-Photoshop ilungile, masiqalise.

Ukuqwalasela

Ifoto ye-Photoshop

Umthombo: Photoadicts

Into ephambili ekufuneka uyikhumbule kukuba azikho zonke izixhobo eziza kusebenza kwimeko efanayo kwaye akukho nkqubo enye. Njengoko uyisebenzisa Uya kubona ukuba kuya kuxhomekeka kwifoto oyikhethayo enye okanye enye.

Akuyi kufana nokucima inqwelomoya okanye intaka esibhakabhakeni njengokucima umntu osecaleni kwakho. Hayi ngexesha okanye ngokuzinikela okanye ngokuntsonkotha okanye ngezixhobo. Kodwa, ukongeza, akusoloko sisixhobo esinye esiya kwenza umlingo wokukususela into. Kunokwenzeka ukuba ngaphandle kokunikezelwa kwexesha kwakhona kufuneka uhlengahlengise iiparamitha ezahlukeneyo, sebenzisa indibaniselwano yezixhobo okanye uthathe inzuzo kwenye okanye enye ngokuxhomekeke kwinto ofuna ukuyichukumisa kwakhona nangawuphi na umzuzu.

Ibrashi yokulungisa indawo

Photoshop

Umthombo: Youtube

Eyona ilula nesisiseko yibrashi yokufihla indawo oko kuya kukunceda ukuphelisa izinto ezisesibhakabhakeni, umzekelo, okanye elunxwemeni. Unokukhetha ubungakanani bebrashi encotsheni yesikrini sePhotoshop, kuhlala kucetyiswa ukuba ibhrashi inkulu kunento oza kuyicima ukuze udibanise kakuhle ngasemva xa sisenza ukuba sinyamalale.

Ngaphandle kobukhulu bobubanzi, siyakucebisa ukuba ugweme esi sixhobo ukuba kukho utshintsho lombala kumfanekiso owuchukumisayo ngenxa yokuba awuyi kufezeka. Ukuba kukho umthunzi, qiniseka ukuba uyibambile ngebrashi yokufihla indawo.

Yenza umaleko omtsha kwiPhotoshop phezulu: Umaleko > Yenza umaleko. Nje ukuba unayo, yiya kwindawo yokuphilisa ibhrashi kwimenyu yezixhobo, khetha ubukhulu kwaye ucime umntu omfunayo. Iya kunyamalala ngokuzenzekelayo. Ikhawuleza kakhulu kwaye ilula njengoko unokubona kwimifanekiso eqhotyoshelweyo.

Ibrashi yokufihla

i-photoshop interface

Umthombo: Youtube

Inyathelo ebesikubonise lona ngaphambili aliyi kuhlala likusebenzela kwaye esi sesinye sezona zixhobo zisebenzayo esinokuzisebenzisa kwi-Photoshop kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo umbonile umntu esisebenzisa ngexesha elithile. Uthatha inqaku lomfanekiso kwaye ukusuka kuloo ndawo ufumana ulwazi lokuphelisa into. Ngokungafaniyo nale yangaphambili, imvelaphi ayizenzekeli kodwa ukhetha ngqo apho iya "kukopa" ulwazi oluboniswayo xa ucima into ofuna ukuyicima. Kwimeko apho ufuna ukuchaneka ngakumbi.

Into ecetyiswayo apha kukuba uphawule eyona ndawo ifanayo. Kuluncedo ukuba imvelaphi ayifani kuwo onke amanqaku kwaye ukuba ufuna iindawo zihambelane. Kuya kuthatha ixesha elide, kodwa umphumo uya kuba ngcono. Kuya kufuneka uphawule nge-ALT inqaku apho ufuna ukukhupha ulwazi kwaye udlulise ibrashi yolungiso phezu komntu okanye into ofuna ukuyiguqula.

i-clone buffer kunye nepetshi

umfanekiso we-photoshop

Umthombo: Domestika

Ezi zixhobo zimbini zifana neyokuqala: ukhetha apho zithatha khona ulwazi. Umahluko phakathi kwezi zimbini kukuba ku-a kuya kufuneka ukhethe into kwaye uyisuse kwenye indawo, njengoko kunjalo ngesiziba, nakwenye ungakhetha ngokumakisha nge-ALT ifana nebrashi yokuphilisa ingentla.

Kodwa kukho omnye umahluko obaluleke kakhulu: isitampu se-clone asidibanisi nemvelaphi, ayithatheli ngqalelo amaxabiso ahlukeneyo efoto njengokuchasana, kodwa idibanisa ngokuthe ngqo okanye awufumani siphumo sokwenyani kodwa iluncedo ukuba udibanisa nezinye izixhobo kolu luhlu.

Umehluko omkhulu phakathi kwebrashi yokuphilisa kunye neplagi ye-clone kukuba umntu uthatha ulwazi kwaye aluguqulele ukudibanisa kunye nemvelaphi. Kwelinye, uya kubumba ngokuthe ngqo oko ukukhethileyo, ukopa ulwazi njengoko lunjalo. Umzekelo, unokuyiphelisa intaka ngokutshintsha eso siqwenga sesibhakabhaka ngesinye esicocekileyo, njengoko ubona kumfanekiso wekhusi ongezantsi. Kodwa ikwakuvumela ukuba ulandele okanye udibanise yonke into okanye imbonakalo yomhlaba ukuba ufuna ukuqhubeka namafu, umphezulu, njl. Isebenza ngokufana neyangaphambili kwaye njengebrashi ukuze ukwazi khetha ubukhulu bayo okanye ukukhanya njengoko udibanisa le nto uyifunayo.

Ubamba

Ipetshi izalisekisa umsebenzi ofanayo ngaphandle umahluko ukuba awuyibambi ibrashi kwaye uyityibilikise kwicanvas kodwa uya kukhetha iqhekeza lomfanekiso kwaye liya kubumba omnye ngokuzenzekelayo. Kwaye omnye umahluko obalulekileyo kukuba apha uzakufumana udibaniso ngemvelaphi ukulungisa umahluko, ukuqaqamba, ukuthungwa. Thelekisa ummandla owuphawulileyo njengendawo oya kuyo kunye nommandla owuphawule njengemvelaphi kwaye uzame ukufezekisa imvisiswano, ngaphandle kokuba kubekho utshintsho olukhawulezileyo kumfanekiso oye wazama ukuwulungisa, ngaphandle kokushiya nasiphi na isiphene phakathi kwefoto. okanye isibhakabhaka. Ukongeza, inokwenyani ngakumbi kwaye iluncedo kwaye inosetyenziso oluninzi olucetyiswayo.

Isiqwenga asiloncedo kuphela ekususeni izinto okanye abantu kwifoto, esikucebisa ukuba udibanise izixhobo ezininzi, kodwa ikwasivumela ukuba sisuse ukungafezeki kuye nawuphi na umntu kwimeko yemifanekiso. Ukuba ufuna ukususa iinkozo zakudala ezivele kwi-selfie, isiqwenga siphela ngemizuzwana.

Ikwavumela isiphumo esichasayo, kunjalo: endaweni yokususa into esibhakabhakeni, uyayiphindaphinda. Umzekelo, ukuba uthathe ifoto yasebusuku yinkwenkwezi eqaqambileyo, unokuphinda uyiphindaphinde kwiscreen ukuba ufuna ukufezekisa isibhakabhaka esineenkwenkwezi.

I-lasso kunye ne-magic wand

I-lasso, nokuba iqhelekile okanye imagnethi ukukhetha ngokuchaneka okukhulu, nayo Isinceda sisuse izinto okanye abantu kwifoto. Khetha icala elikwi-toolbar kwaye uqinisekise ukuba "Intsiba: 0 px" ikhangelwe phezulu. Nje ukuba unayo, khetha indawo ofuna ukuyisusa ngesixhobo se-lasso, ngaphandle kokuyenza ngokuchanekileyo kwaye ngaphandle kokukhathalela ukuba imvelaphi nayo ibanjwe kukhetho lwakho lwelasso.

Nje ukuba unayo, cofa kwiqhosha lemouse ekunene kwaye uya kubona ukwehla ngeenketho ezahlukeneyo. vula ukhetho "Gcwalisa". Kanye apha, khetha i window yesiqulatho nge "Ngokomxholo" kwaye ukhethe imo yokudibanisa kunye nenqanaba lokungafihli.

Indlela yokudibanisa onokuthi uyikhethe yi "Eqhelekileyo" kwaye ukungafihli kuya kuxhomekeka ekubeni uyafuna na ukwenza umntu okanye into ingabonakali kakhulu okanye ufuna ukuyenza inyamalale ngokupheleleyo. Qinisekisa ngo-Kulungile kwaye inkqubo iya kuba ilungile kwaye igqityiwe, kulula kakhulu ukuyiphatha.

Umlingo wand

I-wand yomlingo ivumela ukuba sisuse izinto kumfanekiso, nangona isenokungabi yeyona nto icetyiswayo kwimeko yeefoto ezinemvelaphi engalinganiyo, umzekelo. Ewe ukukhetha izinto kumfanekiso kwimifanekiso kodwa nakwiifoto xa umahluko phakathi kwezinto umkhulu okanye xa ufuna ukukhetha into eyahlulwe ngokugqibeleleyo. Khetha nje intonga yomlingo kwibar yesixhobo kwaye ukhethe indawo oyifunayo ukusuka kumfanekiso.

Uhambo lomlingo ikuvumela ukuba ukhethe ubungakanani bebrashi kwaye ukhethe indawo yomfanekiso esiyifunayo. Iya kuzibona ngokuzenzekelayo into ecinga ukuba ngumbala ofanayo, ngoko kubalulekile ukuba kukho ukungafani okukhulu okanye iya kukhetha into ongayifuniyo. Nje ukuba uyikhethile ungawucima loo mfanekiso kwiscreen, uwufiphalise okanye uwugcwalise ngemibala efana nemvelaphi esetyenzisiweyo.

Irabha Engasemva kunye neSirabha somlingo

idrafti yemali

Umthombo: Youtube

Njengoko igama layo libonisa, esi sixhobo siyakukhathalela ukucima imvelaphi. Singayisebenzisa ngesandla, sicima yonke into esifuna ukuyenza inyamalale ngokungathi sisici sociko.

Kodwa sinokuyidibanisa kunye ne-lasso yamagnetic okanye i-wand yomlingo ukukhetha inxalenye yomfanekiso kwaye uyicime kamva kunye ne-raser yangasemva ngaphandle kokuyishiya. Xa sele unayo Ususe umfanekiso owufunayo kwiscreen ungalingana nayiphi na enye oyifunayo, umzekelo, okanye uyishiye ingenanto.

Irabha yomlingo

Esinye isixhobo esinokuba luncedo ekucimeni umntu okanye into ekwifoto sisici somlingo esifumaneka kunye nezinye izixhobo zokucima. Xa ucofa umaleko ngesixhobo sokucima umlingo isusa ngokuzenzekelayo ipixels zemibala efanayo.

Ukuyisebenzisa ukuze yonke into oyidluliselayo kwisicima icime, kufuneka uchaze ukufiphala kwayo. Ngale nto uya kuchaza ubunzulu bokucima. Kwimeko yethu, ekubeni into esiyifunayo kukucima ngokupheleleyo umntu, kuya kufuneka sibeke i-opacity kwi-100% ukwenzela ukuba iipikseli zicinywe ngokupheleleyo. Qaphela ukuba i-opacity esezantsi izakucima kuphela i-pixels, ngoko ke asinamdla.

Isiphelo

Siyathemba ukuba ufunde ngakumbi malunga nePhotoshop. Njengoko ubonile, zininzi izixhobo esinokuqhuba ngazo esi sifundo. Ngoku lixesha lokuba uzizame kwaye uhlele iifoto zakho ngaphandle kwanto ingena endleleni.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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