Ziziphi iinkohliso zamehlo

inkohliso ebonakalayo

Ngokuqinisekileyo ngaphezu komnye wethu oye wabona amaphepha ewebhu, ii-imeyile okanye imizekelo kwiifowuni zethu eziphathwayo zemifanekiso engashukumiyo ebonakala ngathi iyashukuma, okanye imiboniso esele ibhaliwe ezingqondweni zethu. Ezi ntlobo zemifanekiso ekhohlisa ubuchopho bethu zaziwa ngegama elithi i-optical illusions., kodwa ngokwenene siyazazi ukuba ziphi, zisebenza njani kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo ezikhoyo. Siza kuyicombulula yonke le miba kulo lonke olu papasho.

Umbono obonakalayo yimifanekiso evumela ukuba sibone izinto esingaziboni ngokwenene, into edidayo kakhulu. Ezi ntlobo zemifanekiso ziye zafumana ukuthandwa kwiminyaka nangaphezulu ngophuhliso lwehlabathi ledijithali. Nangona kunjalo, ezi ntlobo zemifanekiso azinakufumaneka kuphela kwi-intanethi, kodwa ezininzi zazo zisijikelezile yonke imihla.

Xa sijonga umfanekiso othile, ulwazi malunga nento esiyiyo luhamba lusuka kwiretina lusiya ebuchotsheni. Olu lwazi sithetha ngalo luyacutshungulwa kwaye ingqondo ijongene nokutolika yonke into ethunyelwayo, ifuna nokuba nengqondo yemifanekiso ethile apho ekuqaleni ingafumani naluphi na ukuhambelana.

Yintoni i-optical illusion?

umzobo we-optical illusion

Kunokwenzeka ngakumbi ukuba ngaxa lithile nabani na kuthi uye wazama ngemibono yamehlo. Sinokulufumana olu hlobo lwemifanekiso, njengoko besibonisile ngaphambili, kwimihla yethu yemihla ngemihla. Nangona kunjalo, asingabo bonke abazi kakuhle ukuba bayintoni okanye basebenza njani. Kweli candelo, siya kuzama ukucacisa nakuphi na ukungathandabuzeki malunga nolu hlobo lwesiphumo.

iinkohliso zamehlo, ziyimifanekiso okanye iimbono ezibonwayo ezinokuqhatha inkqubo yethu yokubona ngenxa yokwakheka okanye iimpawu zazo, ezitshintshayo ngokuxhomekeke kwimbono esizijonga ngayo, ezinokukhokelela ekuboneni inyaniso ngendlela egqwethekileyo. Esi siphumo senzeka ngenxa yokuba i-retina, kwiimeko ezithile, kulula ukukhohlisa, ngokusetyenziswa kweempembelelo ezenza umbono wento, indawo okanye indawo.

Ezi ntlobo zeziphumo zinokuvela ngokwemvelo okanye zingadalwa ngokusebenzisa iziphumo ezibonakalayo. Oku kumangalisa ngokwenene, ukuya kwinqanaba apho sinokubona into okanye umfanekiso ongekho ngokwenene.

Kutheni le nto ezi ntlobo zeziphumo zisenzeka?

iinkamela illusion optical

iinkohliso zamehlo, zenzeka xa siboniswa iimilo ezahlukeneyo kumfanekiso omnye kwaye ingqondo yethu iyabhideka sizama ukuyiqonda. Oku kwenzeka ngenxa yokuba ingqondo ithande ukutolika imifanekiso ilandela amava ayo.

Inkalo entle yolu hlobo lweempembelelo kukuba Baye banceda izazinzulu ezininzi ukuba ziqonde ukusebenza kwenkqubo yethu yemithambo-luvo kunye nenkqubo yokubona.. Ingqondo yethu iphethe ukuqokelela lonke ulwazi oluboniswa kumfanekiso, iimilo, imibala, iintshukumo, ukwakheka, njl. Ukuba iimilo ezingafaniyo zifakwe kumfanekiso ofanayo, ngulo mntu kufuneka asabele kuwo kwaye ngamanye amaxesha anike isisombululo esibhidayo, esifana nokongeza intshukumo kumfanekiso ongenawo ngokwenene.

Ngamafutshane, ukukhohlisa okubonakalayo kwenzeka xa kukho ulwazi oluninzi kwaye ingqondo yethu ayikwazi ukuyiqhuba, ngoko iguqulwa kwaye itolikwe ngeyona ndlela isengqiqweni okanye akunjalo, kuxhomekeke kwinto esiyicingayo, enokwenzeka.

Iindidi ze-optical illusions

Kukho iintlobo ngeentlobo zeenkohliso zamehlo esinokuzifumana, kuba ngokuxhomekeke kwimpembelelo ezizibangelayo ezingqondweni zethu zihlelwa kwiqela elinye okanye kwelinye njengoko siza kubona ngezantsi. Imiphumo eveliswa yile nkohliso ixhomekeke kwindlela ezinokusikhohlisa ngayo.

iinkohliso zengqondo

inkohliso yolwazi

https://www.pinterest.es/

Olu hlobo lwenkohliso sithetha ngalo, luyenzeka xa sitolika eyethu inyaniso. Ingqondo yethu igcwalisa inkcazelo engekhoyo kumfanekiso ewuqhubayo. Kweli qela leenkohliso, unokufumana kwakhona:

  • iinkohliso zokungacaci kakuhle: ziyimifanekiso ebonisa iindlela ezimbini zokuqonda ngendlela engabonakaliyo, oko kukuthi, ubona imifanekiso emibini eyahlukeneyo ngokuxhomekeke kwindlela kunye nombono owenza ngayo.
  • ukugqwethwa kwemibono: Isiphumo sijolise kwiimpazamo zokuqonda ezifana nobukhulu, ubude, i-curvature, njl.
  • iinkohliso ezixakayo: abo babonisa engqondweni yethu imifanekiso engekho ngqiqweni, izinto ezingenakwenzeka.
  • Inkohliso: Imifanekiso ebonwayo ayiyonyani. Kwaziwa ngokuba zii-hallucinations, zinxulumene namaxesha okutshintsha kwengqondo.

inkohliso ngokwasemzimbeni

inkohliso ngokwasemzimbeni

Ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-afterimages, yiloo mifanekiso, xolela ukuphinda-phinda, ehlala ikroliwe ezingqondweni zethu emva kokubona umfanekiso okanye into ethile eqaqambileyo. Oku kwenzeka xa ubona izigcawu ezithile ezinokukhanya okukhulu, imibala efanayo, utshintsho olunamandla phakathi komfanekiso okanye umzuzwana, njl.

Oku kunengcaciso, kwaye kungenxa yokuba inkqubo yethu ye-nervous ifumana inani elikhulu lemiqondiso ngokuphindaphindiweyo malunga ne-stimulus ethile kunye nokungabikho konxibelelwano phakathi kwee-hemispheres ezimbini zobuchopho bethu kuqala.

imizekelo yemibono ecacileyo

Okulandelayo, kwesi sixhobo sokugqibela siza kukubonisa imizekelo eyahlukeneyo yeenkohliso zamehlo ezimangalisayo. Okwangoku kwihlabathi lobugcisa, kuqheleke kakhulu ukufumana olu hlobo lwesiphumo.

I-Optical illusion izangqa phakathi koxande

i-optical illusion rectangles

Intsomi isiphumo se-optical effect

indlebe illusion intsomi

Intshukumo ye-Optical illusion spiral

intshukumo ye-optical illusion

umthamo optical effect

umthamo optical effect

I-optical illusion ezihambayo izangqa

Izangqa ze-optical illusion

https://www.nationalgeographic.com

Isiphumo esibonakalayo Uqinisekile ukuba lisele?

abafazi optical illusion okanye isele

https://www.elconfidencial.com/

imigca ehambelanayo yokukhohlisa

Imigca ehambelanayo yenkohliso ye-Optical

https://www.pinterest.es/

Uhlunguzele intloko kwaye ufumane isilwanyana esifihliweyo

inkohliso yezilwanyana ezifihlakeleyo

https://www.businessinsider.es/

Gxininisa imizuzwana engama-30 kwaye uthi ndlela-ntle kumfanekiso

i-optical illusion iyanyamalala

Usenokumangaliswa yindlela ezilula ngayo ezinye zazo kunye nengcaciso esemva kwazo. Imibono ekhohlisayo ivusa imiqondiso eyahlukeneyo ezingqondweni zethu, njengoko sibonile, ibhideka ngokwenene.

Oku kube yingqokelela encinci yeminye imizekelo eyahlukeneyo yeenkohliso zamehlo, kodwa zininzi esinokuzifumana zombini kwiiwebhusayithi, kwinethiwekhi yoluntu okanye nakwimiboniso yobugcisa enokubangela ukuba ube nemvakalelo yokudideka uzama ukutolika ukuba yintoni esiyibukeleyo. .


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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