Yenziwa njani indima?

Ukwazi lenziwa njani iphephaKuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba kuphi, njani kwaye ngubani owayiqulunqa kwaye yayizeziphi iinguqulelo kule minyaka idlulileyo. Wonke umyili olungileyo kufuneka azi yenziwe ngantoni indlela ekuza kubonakala ngayo umsebenzi wabo.

Ukungeniswa eChina nguHan Hsin ekuqaleni kwekhulu lesi-XNUMX BC. Umbono wokuqala yayikukuyila isinxibo esingabizi kakhulu. UTs'ai Lum ukhumbula ukuyilwa kwe U-Han Hsin Kwaye wafumanisa ukuba ulahlekile kuphela yinto yokubopha imicu yomsonto kunye nokuyivimba ukuba ingangeni manzi (oku kuphunyezwe ngokubilisa i-algae ebizwa I-Agar Agar kunye nokusebenzisa i-gelatin. Inkqubo ye- Uxwebhu oludala eSpain Ingaba u "IMozarabic Missal » yomhla we-1040-1050, igcinwe kwi-Monastery yaseSilos.

Ukuguquka kwemvelo

  • 1450                      UGutenberg ungenisa iCandelo lokuPrinta.
  • 1670 kunye ne1680      Imfumba yamaDatshi yaqanjwa, ekrazula iimpahla ezindala kunye nokucaciswa kwayo nganye nganye.
  • 1789                      ULuis Nicolás Robert -Ungenise umatshini onokwenza amaphepha amade ngephepha eliqhubekayo.
  • 1807                      Ukusetyenziswa kwekaolin njengokugcwalisa kubonakala.
  • 1874                      Yazisa ngenkqubo ye-bisulfite.
  • 1884                      Inkqubo yeSulphate okanye yeKrafft iyavela.

Izinto zephepha

Izinto ezingafunekiyo zokwenza iphepha zezi:

  • Iifayibha
  • Iifiller kunye nee-pigments
  • Izongezo

Iifayibha

  • Iintsinga zomthi
  • Iintsinga ezingezizo iinkuni
  • Iintsinga zokwenziwa

Iintsinga zomthi

Imithi engapheliyo okanye eQinisekayo

  • Iphayini kuzo zonke iintlobo zayo kunye nefir
  • Ubungakanani obuqhelekileyo phakathi kwe-2 kunye ne-4 mm, nangaphezulu
  • Ukuxhathisa okuphezulu kwamaphepha egrama esezantsi

Imithi enqabileyo okanye enegqabi

  • I-Eucalyptus, Beech kunye neBirch
  • 1mm ubude obuphakathi
  • Iintsinga zayo zibonelela ngokugudileyo kunye nokwenziwa kwephepha elilungileyo
  • Ipesenti yayo ephepheni inyuka njengoko igrama inyuka, ikwazi ukufikelela kwi-100% kumaphepha angaphezu kwe-150 gr / m2.

Iintsinga ezingezizo iinkuni

Banokuba yingxowa yeswekile kunye ne-cereal straws, i-hemp, i-esparto, umqhaphu kunye neflakisi.

Ifayibha Ubude:

  •  Inentlaka————————- 4 mm
  •  Amagqabi ————————- 1,5 mm
  •  IBagasse ——————————- 1,7 mm
  •  Ingqolowa nerhasi —————— 1,5 mm
  •  I-Esparto ————————— 1,1 mm
  •  Ngeendiza kunye Rice———————-- 0,5 mm
  •  Umqhaphu ————————––30 mm

Iintsinga zokwenziwa

  • Ukuveliswa kwemveliso yemizobo
  • Amandla aphakamileyo aphela i-polyethylene

Izinto ezingekho kwimicu

Imveliso engaqhelekanga ethi ngamanye amaxesha ibe yinxalenye yephepha izixa ezikhulu.

Iziphumo zeMirhumo kunye neMibala

  • Ubumhlophe kunye ne-opacity (Refractive Index)
  • Ubuninzi bayo - imithwalo engaphezulu, kokukhona igrama
  • Ukufunxa uLwelo -Uthintela ukuhanjiswa kweinki
  • Imilo yeJometri- Yenza ubukho bunciphise ukusebenza kwayo.

Ukwenziwa kweekhemikhali ngomthi

IHolocellulose: Iselulosi + ihemicellulose

Lignin: Yinkomfa yemichiza entsonkothileyo kakhulu, kuba yeyona nto ibambe imicu leyo ngokuqinileyo.

Mhlophe: Yimbonakalo ebonakalayo yokukhanya.

Ezinye iimveliso:

IINDAWULELO Lush
UKUQALA I-25 -30% 18 -30%
ICELULOSE 40 - 45% 45 - 50%
IMVUMELWANO 10 -15% 20 - 30%
Intlabathi 4% 1,5 - 2%

Ukulungiswa kweenkuni

Ikhutshwe

  • Kuyimfuneko ukuyisusa
  • Ayinabalinganiswa banemisonto
  • Sebenzisa izixhobo kunye namandla
  • Ungcolise ipasta
  • Eyona ndawo iphakathi- Igubu likaDebarker

Ukugcina iinkuni

  • Phakathi kwama-25 nama-55% Ukufuma
  • Phakathi kwama-25 nama-35º amaqondo obushushu
  • I-Resinous - engekho ngaphezu konyaka omnye
  • Amagqabi - Phakathi kweenyanga ezi-2 ukuya kwezi-6 ukunqanda ukulahleka komgangatho

Ifakiwe

Emva kokumakishwa kweengodo kuncitshiswa kwaba ziichips okanye IINKCUKACHA ukubanakho ukwenza i-pastes ezithile, ezinje ngeekhemikhali, isemichemical kunye nokucocwa koomatshini. Ubungakanani be-chip buya kuhambelana nokufakwa kwe-reagents ezisetyenziselwa ukudubula.

Unama oomatshini

Ipasta yoomatshini bokulinganisa

  •  Ukusuka kwizikhuni ezingasetyenziswanga
  •  Ngokubanzi yintlaka
  •  Ivili lokugaya, indawo egudileyo, ihlala ifumile.

Amanzi

  • Thintela ukutshisa
  • Coca ivili lokusila
  • Ukuhambisa imicu

 Iindidi ezimbini:

  • Iyaqhubeka: UWarren de Cadena
  • Dashed: Mntla Omkhulu

Inzuzo:

  • Ukusebenza okuphezulu (95%)
  • Iimpawu ezilungileyo zezandla (

Ukungancedi:

  • Kunzima ukuba mhlophe
  • Ubumhlophe obuphantsi <80%
  • Ukonakalisa udonga lwefayibha

Ukujija okanye ukucokisa umgubo woomatshini:

  • I-Disc shredders, umgangatho ophezulu wempuphu
  • Iimpawu ezingcono zomzimba

Inzuzo:

  • Ithuba lokusebenzisa iinkuni ezilahliweyo
  • Ithuba lokusebenzisa umthi onzima
  • Unamathela kumgangatho ofanayo

Ukungancedi:

  • Utyalomali oluphezulu
  • Ukusetyenziswa kwamandla aphezulu
  • Iindleko zolondolozo oluphezulu

Unama weThermomechanical

  • Iimpawu zoomatshini bencam ye-chip ziphuculwe
  • Ukulungiselela le nto, umphunga waziswa kubushushu obuphezulu ukufudumeza iichips ngaphambi kokuba ubazise kwidiski yokucoca, ebangela ukuthamba lignin kunye nokunciphisa amandla emicu.
  • Utyekelo lokuguga kwaye ujike ube tyheli
  • Ukukhanya okuphezulu. zilungele iphepha elilula.

Unamathisele imichiza-ithemomechanical

  • Isivuno esikhulu
  • Iimeko ezingcono zomzimba kunezinto eziqhelekileyo ezenziwe ngoomatshini
  • Iichips zinciphise ubungakanani, emva koko kwisigaye apho kukho isoda kwi-Tº yama-60 ukuya kuma-80º iiyure ezintathu. (Kwimeko yokuncamathisela kweekhemikhali, ipheka ixesha elide kwaye kubushushu obuphezulu).

Unamathisele amachiza

  • Inqanaba lokususwa kwe-lignin liya kuba lukhulu ngakumbi kunyango lokudubula kweenkuni.

Iinkqubo ezi-2:

  • Al bisulfite
  • IKrafft

IBisulfite

  • Yenziwe eSweden ngo-1874
  • Ukupheka utywala yi-bisulfite ene-calcium, i-magnesium okanye i-ammonium base.
  • Ukupheka ubushushu phakathi kwe-130º kunye ne-140º
  • Ukupheka ixesha phakathi kweeyure ezi-6 ukuya kwezi-8
  • Ukulungiswa kwezinto kulula kwaye kuvelisa iipasta ezityebileyo kwiihemicelluloses, ezifanelekileyo kumaphepha afana neglasi.
  • Ayinakuphulukana nemichiza
  • Isivuno esiphakathi kwama-45 nama-55%

IKrafft

  • Impembelelo enkulu yokubandakanywa kwibhoyila yokubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo.

Inkqubo yokubuyisela kwimeko yesiqhelo

Utywala obumnyama obenziwe ngezinto eziphilayo, izimbiwa kunye namanzi kuxinzelelo lwe-18 ukuya kwi-20%, ngumophuthisi uxinzelelo luphakanyiswa laya kwi-60%. Emva koko itshiswa ivelisa ubushushu. Uthuthu lwenziwe ngesodiyam carbonate. Emva koko, isoda iyafunyanwa kwakhona. Vavanya ama-45 ukuya kuma-55%.

Mhlophe

Injongo ye-bleaching kukususa i-lignin engakhange isuswe ngokupheka.

Ukuphuma kwebala eliqhelekileyo

  • Ucoceko
  • Ukukhutshwa
  • Iklorine dioxide
  • Ukukhutshwa
  • Iklorine dioxide
  • Phakathi kwesigaba ngasinye kukho isigaba sokuhlamba.

IChlorine Dioxide Bleaching

  • Ukupheliswa kweoksijini yi-oksijini, emva koko kuphekwe kwaye emva koko kufakwa unyango nge-chlorine dioxide.

Ucoceko lweOzone

  • Ukuhla kweeselulosi
  • Ubumhlophe obungaphezulu kwama-90%
  • Iziphumo ezingamkelekanga malunga nelahleko lokuxhathisa

I-enzyme Bleaching

  • Ii-enzyme kunye nezinye iiblitshi
  • Ubumhlophe obuphezulu kakhulu
  • Ukuncitshiswa kweChlorine dioxide nge-10-15%

Ucoceko lwaManzi oluManzi

  • I-hydrogen peroxide, esetyenziswa kwi-pastes yemichiza-ye-thermomechanical

Ukususwa

  • Umdibaniso weFektri-Iya kuthunyelwa ngemibhobho.
  • Ayidityaniswanga-Kwibhokisi, amaphepha e-pasta anomswakama we-10% ayenziwa ukulungiselela ukuthuthwa kwazo.
  • Amanzi amaninzi, ixesha elincinci lokungunda okunokwenzeka.

Iifayibha zihlelwa

  • Iifayibha zasePrayimari
  • Imisonto yesibini

Iintsinga zaseprayimari

  • Zifumaneka emithini okanye ezinye iintlobo zezityalo zemifuno, ziifayibha zokusetyenziswa okokuqala. Iziqwenga ezivela kumatshini okusila amaphepha avela kwinkunkuma zijongwa njengeentsinga eziphambili.

Itywina:

  • Sisikhongozeli esine-helix kwicandelo laso elisezantsi elishukumisa amaphepha e-pasta kwaye ikhethe imicu nganye, ilungiselela ukumiswa okumanzi phakathi kwe-6% kunye ne-12% yento eyomileyo emanzini.
  • Isixhobo sikhutshiwe ngokudlulisa umxube kwisangqa esingavumeli ukudlula kwamaqhekeza amakhulu.
  • Amanzi asetyenzisiweyo kwipulper amhlophe, aphinda asebenze kwakhona kumzi-mveliso ngokwawo (amhlophe ngenxa yomxholo weentsinga kunye nokuzaliswa).
  • Ifayibha ende kunye nefutshane ibekwe yodwa kwi-pulper. Abayi kuxuba kude kube emva kokucokiswa.

Abahluli:

  • Zisetyenziselwa ukusombulula ingxaki yamasuntswana ahlekileyo avela kumgubo. I-de-chipper yenziwe ngeediski ezimbini ezifakwe iitoni okanye uqikelelo.

Ukucokisa:

Ngokucokisa kunikwa iimpawu zokuvelisa ezona ntlobo zahlukeneyo kunye neentlobo zamaphepha. Iphepha ngalinye lifuna ukucokiswa okufanelekileyo, ezi zezinye zeentlobo:

  • Isitokhwe saseDatshi
  • Ukuphuculwa kweAngle encinci
  • Ukucokisa okubanzi kweAngle
  • Ukucokiswa kweDiski

Nokuba yeyiphi na into yokusulungekisa, umsebenzi osisiseko wenziwa phakathi kwento esisigxina kunye nenye ejikelezayo, kugqitywa uncamathiselo phakathi kwabo.
Emva kokucokiswa, imicu iphantsi kwesenzo esinamandla okanye esingaphantsi esivelisa isiphumo:

Shake kwaye Shake:

  • Ifayibha ifakwe emanzini
  • Hlikihla. Iifayibha zityibilika zibe yimicu
  • I-Shear- I-fiber ifumana ukunciphisa ubude okanye ukusika.
  • I-Fibrillation kukukhutshwa kweentsinga kunye nemveliso ecolekileyo ekhokelela kukonyuka okubonakalayo kwindawo ethile yomphezulu, ukuphucula ubude beenyembezi kunye nokugqabhuka kwephepha.

Ifibrillation ephezulu + Ukungazinzi okuphezulu

Umsebenzi wokucoca ulawulwa kwinqanaba lomatshini ngesixhobo esilinganisela umthamo wokuhambisa amanzi okanye isantya esimalunga nokuncamathisela okuvumela amanzi ukuba aphume. Ilinganiswa kumabakala e-Shopper-Riegler (SRº), ixabiso liphezulu, kokukhona ukucokiswa kukhulu.

Ukucokiswa okuphezulu = Amanzi amancinci

Ukucokiswa okuncinci = Amanzi amaninzi

Nje ukuba icocwe, ipasta igcinwe kwiivenkile ezinkulu kunye nokuphazamiseka.

Imicu yesibini

  • Iifayibha esele zenziwe ubuncinci kwinkqubo yokuvelisa enye zifumana eli gama.
  • Baziwa ngegama lika IPHEPHA, Banokudityaniswa nezokuqala okanye banokuba yi-100% yesibini.
  • Amaziko okuqokelela ahlala ezixekweni ezikhulu kwaye uhambo olude luye kwiifektri lunokubenza bangabi noqoqosho.
  • Kuyenzeka ukuba uphinde ubuye ngaphezulu kwe-50%

Itywina

  • Ayizukusebenza njengesihluli sephepha kuphela kodwa iya kusebenza njengokukhuhla ukushenxisa ukungcola okunje ngeentambo neengcingo.
  • Inkqubo inokugqitywa nge-splinter

Ikhutshiwe

Yenziwe ngeemveliso zamachiza ezinxibelelana ngokufanelekileyo nobushushu kunye nokusetyenziswa kwamandla oomatshini ukususa i-inki ephepheni.

Iimveliso ezi-3:

  • Izicoci: susa inki
  • Abasasazi: Ukuze i-inki ishiye amanzi kwaye ingafaki ukufaka imali kwakhona.
  • Iiarhente ezinegwebu: Ukuququzelela ukususwa kwe-inki.

Inkqubo yokuncipha

Umiselwe ngokuhlamba

  • Yeyona indala
  • Isebenza kakuhle isusa amasuntswana obukhulu be-1 ukuya kwi-10

Ukuhamba kwe-inki

  • Yeyona isetyenziswa kakhulu
  • Injongo yeekhemikhali ezongeziweyo kugwebu kunye nokunyibilikisa i-inki.
  • Isebenza ngakumbi kunokuhlamba njengoko isusa ii-inki ezinkulu kunye nelahleko yefayibha incinci.
  • Udinga amanzi amancinci kwinkqubo

Iinkqubo ezidibeneyo

  • Ukuhlamba kusebenza ukususa iincinci ezincinci kunye nemithwalo yamaphepha kunye nokuphucula inkqubo elandelayo.

Imiselwe zii enzymes

  • Umkhwa omtsha kwinkqubo yokwahluka. Enye yeengxaki inokuba sisizukulwana esiphakamileyo segwebu.
  • Kukho ukulahleka kwemicu kunye nokumelana
  • Azinakuphinda zenziwe ntsha kwakhona unaphakade, zivumela kuphela ukusetyenziswa kwe-3 ukuya kwe-5.

Ukwenziwa kwephepha

  • Ukusukela ngalo mzuzu kuqhubeke, ukuvelisa kuyafana ngokuchanekileyo kulo naluphi na uhlobo lwephepha. Umahluko uya kunikwa ngokwenziwa kwayo kunye nokugqitywa.
  • Uqeqesho lwephepha: Guqula ukuhamba kokuncamathisela kwiphepha elibanzi nelifanayo.

Ukuxuba ibhafu

Apho izinto ezahlukeneyo zongezwa ngokwephepha elinje:

  • Iifayibha
  • Izibane ezikhanyayo
  • Imithwalo
  • Izongezo kwiGene
  •  Ubungakanani beearhente

Iingxaki

Amasuntswana angafunekiyo ayasuswa.

Iindidi ezi-2

Inokwenzeka

  •  Zisusa amasuntswana anobunzima ngokusekwe kwimeko yokuba baya kudlula kwiscreen se-perforated okanye umnatha.

ICentrifugal

  • Basebenzisa amandla e-centrifugal yokujikeleza kwepasta ngaphakathi kwimizimba ye-conical eyahlula amasuntswana anzima, aphuma ngakwicala elingaphantsi elivulekileyo.

Iinkqubo ezi-2 zihlala zidityaniswa ukuze zisebenze ngokukuko.

Ibhokisi yentloko okanye intloko yomatshini

  • Izinto ezisisiseko zokwenza amashiti abanzi kwaye acekeceke
  • Bafuna ukuhamba rhoqo kunye nokufanayo kokungena kwepasta.

asibonise

  • Isixhobo esenza uxinzelelo kunye nokuhamba kokuncamathisela kuhlala kububanzi bebhokisi engenayo.
  • Igumbi lokuLandisa: Inceda ulungelelwaniso olungcono lweefayibha ekumisweni.

Isixa sokumiswa okanye isincamathelisi esingxubileyo ekufuneka sifikile kwilaphu kufuneka sibe yimfuneko:

  •  Nika igrama
  • Nceda uqeqesho
  • Ukulandelela isantya semveliso
  • Fumana iprofayili efanayo

Oku kulawulwa:

  • Ukuhamba (ubungakanani)
  • Ukungqinelana (uxinano)

Itafile ethe tyaba

  • 7 okanye 8 yeemitha ububanzi
  • Inceda ukususa amanzi ngokuhambisa amanzi
  • Ilaphu linentshukumo enqamlezileyo ebizwa ngokuba tracheo, ukuze uqhelanise nemicu kunye nokuphepha ukubola.
  • Imveliso yoMatshini: Isikhokelo seFayibha
  • Umgaqo ojikelezayo: Ngokuchasene nefayibha
  • Oomatshini abadala: isantya esiphakathi kwe-30 ukuya kuma-40 m / min
  • Leyo ye-4 okanye ye-5 kwiminyaka eyadlulayo: isantya esiphakathi kwe-800 - 900 m / min
  • Okwangoku: Isantya esiphakathi kwe-1300 - 1400 m / min (ezi azinamkhondo)

2 Iintlobo zeetheyibhile

Eqhelekileyo:

  • Icala leMpahla Ngakumbi krwada
  • Ubuso beFel: Ubuso obuphezulu. Ukuthambisa ngaphezulu kwepesenti yemithwalo

 Ilaphu eliphindwe kabini:

  • Ivumela ukwalathisa ukuhambisa amanzi ngaphezulu kwiibhokisi zokutsala, ukufumana amanye amashiti alinganayo. Isantya esivela kwi-1400 ukuya kwi-1500 m / min

Ukungenelela

  • Kuya kufuneka ivumele ulwabiwo olulungileyo lokuncamathisela
  • Ukucoca amanzi
  • Khusela ukuhamba kwemicu
  • Thintela imicu ekuncamatheni kuyo
  • Ukuhlamba okulula
  • Iindidi ezimbini:
  • Iiplastiki: + Ixabiso + lomelele
  • Ukuntywila emanzini: kukupheliswa kwamanzi

Izixhobo zokuntywila emanzini

  • Bayalixhasa ilaphu kwaye basusa amanzi. Ayisetyenziswanga xa umatshini ungaphezulu kwe-300 m / min

Iintsiba

  • Zizinto ezakhiwe ngemivalo engajikelezi kwaye nelaphu liyatyibilika kubo.
  • Zihlala ixesha elide kwaye zinenkqubela phambili.
  • Yeyona nto ixhaphakileyo kwindawo yokuqala yokuhambisa amanzi.

Iibhokisi ezinomdla

  • Isenzo esinamandla ngakumbi
  • Isithuba siyaqhubeka
  • Inani leebhokisi lixhomekeke kubude bomatshini
  • Isebenza ngeempompo ezincamathelayo.

Isilinda sokufunxa

  • Indawo yokugqibela yokuhambisa amanzi etafileni
  • Ukuqhagamshelana kwendwangu kugobile kwaye akukho ndawo incinci
  • Inebhatyi yesinyithi ebunjiweyo ejikelezayo ngesantya selaphu

Umbulali we-foam okanye i-roller dandy

  • Iqhutywa kuphela ziitafile eziqhelekileyo
  • Inceda ukufezekisa ibreyidi egudileyo kunye neyunifomu
  • Unokwenza ii-watermark
  • I-Headbox —————- 99% Amanzi ————————- 1% Umcimbi oMnandi
  • Ilaphu lokugqibela ——————- 80% aManzi ——————– 20% Umcimbi oMnandi

Oomatshini bokushicilela

  • Ukucofa okumanzi kwiphepha lephepha kwenziwa ngokudibana nokuziva
  • Kuza kusuka kwi-80% ukuya kwi-60% yokufuma

Ukuba uyafuna

  • Isusa intsalela yamanzi ngobushushu
  • Amacandelo amabini: 1 eyomileyo neyesibini eyomileyo
  • Phakathi kwabo kubekwa inkqubo yokunika unyango kumphezulu wephepha
  • Amaqondo obushushu enyuka ngokuthe ngcembe ukusuka ku-70º ukuya ku-120 - 130º
  • Iintsinga ziyancipha ngokulandelelana kwama-20% ububanzi kunye ne-1% -2% ubude. Oku kudala ukungavisisani ngaphakathi.
  • Ekupheleni kokulandelelana kwe-2 izileyi ziyahlaziya

Unyango oluphezulu

Banokuba baninzi:

  • Ukucofa ubungakanani (uninzi lwangoku)
  • Isango-Uluhlu
  • UMthetho oYilwayo-iBlade

Cinezela ubungakanani

Yeyona ilula
Inokubandakanya ukufaka umaleko omncinci wokubopha.

  • Ukuba ibinder kuphela = Iphepha lokuLungisa
  • Ukuba ibinder + pigment = Iphepha elinemibala

Isixa

  • Iphepha lokulinganisa = 1 - 2 gr / m2
  • Iphepha elinemibala = 4 - 5 gr / m2

Ukuphucula ukuprintwa
Ngamanye amaxesha ubungakanani-bokushicilela bufakwa ngaphambili

Isango-roll

  • Isosi ifuduselwa kwizitena zokufaka ngokusebenzisa iroli ephakathi
  • Ikuvumela ukuba ufake isixa esikhulu somaleko
  • Amaxesha amaninzi isetyenziselwa amaphepha camera
  • Uluhlu lokukhanya lwe-8 - 10 gr / m2 ngobuso

Ibhili-blade

  • Inkqubo esetyenziselwa ukutyabeka umatshini
  • Isicelo senziwe kwicala elinye ngensimbi kwaye kwelinye ngerola.

Kuthambile

  • Umatshini owenziwe ngeeroli zentsimbi (ukusuka kwi-2 ukuya kwi-5)
  • Umsebenzi wawo kukuhambisa iphepha kwaye ulawule ubukhulu kububanzi bephepha.
  • Azikhanyisi
  • Bahlala behamba emva kokupholisa izileyi
  • Iziphumo zalo zixhomekeke koxinzelelo kunye nenani lokupasa iphepha ngokusebenzisa imigca yokunxibelelana okanye IINKONZO.

UPapa

Nje ukuba iphepha lidlule kwiindawo ezigudileyo, lisongelwe kumatshini obizwa ngokuba ngupopu, emva koko linokulandela iindlela ezimbini

  • Iphepha Elingadityaniswanga okanye Elisongelwe Ngomatshini ———-> Ligqityiwe
  • Ukuba liphepha eliphume kumatshini, liya kumatshini wokutyabeka

Amanzi athunyelwa entlokweni yekhozi ayavavanywa ukuze kupheliswe ukungcola.

Umququzeleli

  • Ngumatshini osebenzisa isosi yestucco kwinkxaso

Ikratshi Camera

  • Yeyona ixhaphakileyo
  • Ifakwa kusetyenziswa iroli kwaye iyalinganiswa kwaye idosiwe kusetyenziswa iphepha lesinyithi
  • Iindidi ezi-2 zeebhleyidi: ziqinile (90º bevel) okanye Flexible (45º kakhulu)
  • Ingqongqo inika phakathi kwe-12 - 13 gr / m2 isupco isosi
  • Flexible inika phakathi kwe-22 ukuya kwi-23 gr / m2 isupco isosi
  • Banokusebenza ngesantya esiphakathi kwe-600 ukuya kwi-700 m / min. nangona ngoku kukho oomatshini abasebenza kwi-1200 m / min.
  • Ukuthamba kwephepha kuya kuba ngaphantsi kokulunga kwephepha.

Umlomo ophefumlelweyo

  •  Ulwelo olugqithisileyo lufakwa ngeroli ethi isuswe ngumoya oxinzelelweyo
  •  Phakathi kwama-20 ukuya kuma-40 gr / m2
  •  Akukho ngaphezulu kwe-350 m / min
  •  Isosi ye-viscosity esezantsi
  •  Ukugqibelela okungaphantsi kunokususa

Ukulungiselela izinto zokwaleka,

  • Itanki yokupheka
  • Umququzeli wokusasaza kunye nokwenza homogenize izinto zenhlama
  • Amacebo okucoca ulusu ukulungisa ingxaki
  • Indawo yokugcina
  • Iimpompo zokudlulisa i-stucco

Umxube wezinto

Malunga neMibala:

  •  Izibophelelo
  •  Abahlaziyi

Izongezo ezinje:

  • Imibala
  • Imichiza yokubulala iintsholongwane
  • Izinto zokuthambisa
  • Izibane ezikhanyayo
  • IiReins zokuxhathisa

Ukuhombisa okuphezulu

  • Eyaziwa ngokuba yiCast Coated
  • Amalungelo awodwa omenzi wechiza:

Inkqubo yeWarren

  •  Isicelo seStucco ngomlomo ovuthuzayo
  •  Kuthetha ukuba nenkxaso egudileyo
  •  Faka istucco ——> Ngaphambi kokuba wome (infrared) ——-> 180 ° isilinda chrome
  •  Imisiwe njengoko iphuma yomile kakhulu kwisilinda ye-chrome

Inkqubo yeChampion

  • Isicelo seStucco——–> 80 ° isilinda chrome
  • Olu hlobo lwe-stucco kuzo zombini iimeko lwenziwa kwicala elinye kuphela. Ukuba ufuna zombini, zenziwa ngokungafaniyo ezimbini ngobuso obunye.

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo, shiya eyakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UJose Luis Moncayo sitsho

    INQAKU ELIBALASELEYO
    Ukufundwa kwephepha le-fiber kuya kuba kukuncedisa