Ubugcisa be-ASCII

Ubugcisa be-ASCII

Njengoyilo, usenokudibana nobugcisa be-ASCII, ekwabizwa ngokuba bubugcisa bokubhaliweyo, amaxesha ngamaxesha. Le fomu yoyilo isebenzisa iisimboli zombhalo ukwenza imifanekiso ngazo.

Kodwa, Buyintoni ubugcisa beASCII? Zeziphi iintlobo ezikhoyo? Ingenziwa njani? Yonke loo nto kunye nokunye okuninzi yile, apha ngezantsi, siza kuxoxa nawe, kuba obu bugcisa be-ASCII bukhona kakhulu kwimihla ngemihla kunokuba ucinga.

Yintoni i-ASCII Art

Yintoni i-ASCII Art

Ubugcisa be-ASCII buvela kwikhowudi ye-ASCII. Imalunga ne- Ikhowudi yaseMelika (kwisicatshulwa sayo, iKhowudi eMiselweyo yaseMelika yoTshintshiselwano yoLwazi) edluliswa kwipateni yabalinganiswa ezinikezela ngolwazi. Ngamanye amagama, sithetha ngesixhobo esifana nealfabhethi. Le khowudi yaqala ukusetyenziswa kunye nokusetyenziswa kwe-telegraphy.

Ngokukodwa, kufuneka sijonge emva eBell, owayecwangcise ukusebenzisa ikhowudi enesuntswana-ezintandathu ngokudibanisa iziphumlisi kunye namagama amancinci kwikhowudi abasele beyisebenzisa, iBaudot's. Nangona kunjalo, ekugqibeleni waba yinxalenye yekomitana ye-American Standards Agency (ASA) ngokwenza i-ASCII.

Ikhowudi yokuqala eza kupapashwa okokuqala yayingo-1963, apho utolo oluphezulu lwabonwa endaweni ye-fiveflex (^), ngelixa utolo olusezantsi lubekwe endaweni ye-underscore.

Kule minyaka idlulileyo, iisimboli ezininzi zatshintshile. Okwangoku, i-ANSI x3.4-1986 yeyona ilawulayo (nangona bekukho uhlengahlengiso ngo-1991 olungatshintshanga ikhowudi ye-ASCII kwaphela.

Ngokwenyani, ikhowudi ye-ASCII inzima kakhulu kunobugcisa be-ASCII uqobo, kuba le yingqeqesho encinci kuphela enoxanduva lokuqulunqa nawuphi na umfanekiso ngokusekwe kubalinganiswa be-ASCII abaphrintwayo. Iziphumo ziyafana kakhulu kwinto enokufezekiswa ngenkqubo ye-pointillism, ngombono ongcono ukuba umfanekiso ubonwa kude kunokuba usondele.

Oku kuye kwaduma kakhulu bonisa imifanekiso kwaye kule mihla zininzi iinkqubo ezikuvumela ukuba wenze olu hlobo lwemizobo, kunye neevidiyo.

Isiseko sobugcisa be-ASCII

Isiseko sobugcisa be-ASCII

Ubugcisa be-ASCII busekwe kwikhowudi ekhethekileyo, ebizwa ngokuba yikhowudi ASCII. Kwaye kukuba umlinganiswa ngamnye, ileta, eyodwa ... angamelwa ngamanani ukusuka ku-00 ukuya ku-255. Ngapha koko, ukuba ufuna ukubazi bonke, sikushiya iwebhusayithi apho uzokwazi khona zifumane zonke.

Ikhowudi esisiseko ye-7-bit ichaza oku kulandelayo:

  • Ukuba ukusuka ku-0 ukuya ku-31 ayisetyenziswanga kubalinganiswa, kodwa ukuba ngabo "abalawulayo".
  • I-65 ukuya kwi-90 ngoonobumba abakhulu.
  • Ukusuka kwi-97 ukuya kwi-122 kuya kubakho oonobumba abancinci.

Iindidi zobugcisa ze-ASCII

Iindidi zobugcisa ze-ASCII

Ixesha elingaphezulu, ubugcisa be-ASCII buye bavela kwaye kwavela iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zobugcisa, ezinje ngezi zilandelayo:

umlawuli

Umgama wobugcisa be-ASCII yenye, endaweni yokusebenzisa ikhowudi yamanani, into eyenzayo kukusebenzisa imigca, ngamanye amaxesha ubhityile, ngamanye amaxesha unamachaphaza, ngamanye amaxesha yimivalo kunye namachaphaza ...

Kukulungele ukwenza imidwebo elula kakhulu kwaye incinci kuba, inkulu, ayinakubonwa iphelele.

Yomelele

Kule meko, endaweni yokunciphisa i-silhouette yomzobo, into eyenzayo "yimbala" kuyo, kodwa usebenzisa iikhowudi koku. Isebenza kakuhle kwimifanekiso ephakathi kunye nemikhulu, nangona incinci, ukuba nje ilula kwaye kulula, inokusetyenziswa.

Mnyama

Ngwevu Isebenzisa isiseko esingentla, ubugcisa obuqinileyo be-ASCII. Nangona kunjalo, basebenzisa oonobumba abohlukeneyo, hayi kwikhowudi kuphela kodwa nakwikhowudi yombala, ukumisela imifanekiso enezithunzi. Ke ngoko, yeyona ilungele ukudweba ubuso nayo.

Obu buchule yeyona nto inzima kakhulu, nangona iziphumo zinomtsalane ngakumbi.

Iifowuni

Olu hlobo lobugcisa be-ASCII alwaziwa kangako. Kwaye ikwakhona. Ungabubona ubungqina boku kwi UAlice kwincwadi yeWonderland. Olunye ukhetho kukwenza umbongo okanye isicatshulwa, esijongwa kude, singabonisa isilwanyana okanye into.

Ngapha koko, kukho iiwebhusayithi apho unokufikelela kwesi siphumo ngokubeka igama okanye ibinzana.

Ezinye iintlobo zobugcisa be-ASCII

Asinakulibala ukukhankanya obunye ubugcisa be-ASCII, uninzi lwazo luyantlukwano okanye indibaniselwano yezo zangaphambili.

Umahluko phakathi kobugcisa be-ASCII kunye nobugcisa be-ANSII

Enye yeempazamo ezinkulu kukucinga ukuba ubugcisa be-ASCII kunye ne-ANSII ziyafana. Kodwa ayiyonyani.

Ngokwenene I-ASCII yeyantlandlolo, evela kuyo i-ANSII, evumela ukusetyenziswa koonobumba abaninzi (ezo ze-MS-DOS) kunye neminye imibala (ukuya kuthi ga kwi-16 imibala).

Uyenza njani imizobo yobugcisa yeASCII

Uyenza njani imizobo yobugcisa yeASCII

Imizobo yobugcisa ye-ASCII inokwenziwa kusetyenziswa ikhowudi ye-ASCII kodwa iphinde isebenzise abanye abalinganiswa okanye ii-emoticons. Ngapha koko ungayenza ngokwakho, nokuba kungumhleli womfanekiso okanye umhleli wombhalo. Ukwenza oku, ungasebenzisa oonobumba bebhodi yezitshixo, efanelekileyo ekudaleni imifanekiso yezithombe.

Olunye ukhetho kukusebenzisa Iimpawu ze-Unicode ezikhethekileyo, enika igalelo elibonakalayo elikhulu kwisiphumo.

Ngokubhekisele kwiinkqubo, unokukhetha iindlela ezahlukeneyo, umzekelo:

I-Torch Soft ASCII yoBugcisa Studio

Lo ngumhleli wokwenza izinto zobugcisa ezilula zeASCII. Uyakwazi ukuguqula umfanekiso ngobu bugcisa.

BG ASCII

Ukuba into oyifunayo ngumhleli wezithombe osebenzisa obu buchule, kuya kufuneka uzame le nkqubo. Kusimahla, njengangaphambili, kwaye ayizukuthatha thuba lide kuwe.

Umbhalo weTeknoloji

Inkqubo efanelekileyo Guqula umfanekiso ube ngoonobumba namagama. Unokwenza ii-mosaic ukusuka ekuqaleni ngale ndlela.

Uphawu

Enye inkqubo esingacebisa ngayo ukuba uguqule iifoto zibe ASCII ubugcisa.

Uyenza njani into yobugcisa be-ASCII ngeLizwi

Ukuba uneLizwi, iOpenOffice, iLibreOffice okanye efanayo, unokwenza uyilo ngale khowudi. Ngoku, kuya kufuneka uthathele ingqalelo imiba ethile:

  • Khetha ifonti elungileyo. Kule meko, sicebisa ukuba ubheje kwiTimes New Roman, Georgia, Arial, Verdana, Comic Sans, Tahoma ...
  • Ukuba uza kusebenzisa oonobumba abakhethekileyo, kuya kufuneka usebenzise ifonti enazo ngokwenene, ezinje ngeArial okanye iCalibri.

Nayi eminye imizekelo yesiphumo oya kusifumana.

Uyenza njani imizobo yobugcisa yeASCII Uyenza njani imizobo yobugcisa yeASCII Uyenza njani imizobo yobugcisa yeASCII Uyenza njani imizobo yobugcisa yeASCII Uyenza njani imizobo yobugcisa yeASCII Uyenza njani imizobo yobugcisa yeASCII Uyenza njani imizobo yobugcisa yeASCII


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