Zenziwa njani iipowusta

IiPowusta zamabali oopopayi

Umthombo: Uvuyo oluncinci

Ngokuqinisekileyo, sonke ngexesha elithile ebomini bethu, siye saba neepowusta enye okanye ezininzi eziye zagubungela ezininzi iindonga zamagumbi ethu.

Kule posi asifuni nje ukuba unamathele kuzo kwakhona, kodwa sifuna ukuba wazi iziseko eziphambili eziqulathwe yipowusta. Oku akunakwenzeka ngaphandle komxholo omncinci wembali ukwazi ukuvela kwayo, kwaye ewe, siya kukunika okokuqala, okona kulungileyo. iingcebiso okanye iingcebiso ukuqala ukuyila yonke into oyifunayo.

Ukuba asikakuqinisekisi, siyakumema ukuba uqhubeke kwaye uhlale nathi okwethutyana.

Saqala.

Ipowusta

mze keliso

Umthombo: Spreadshirt

Phakathi kweenkcazo ezininzi ezikhoyo, sinokuthi ipowusta ayikho enye into ngaphandle kohlobo i kelesi, eyaziwa ngokuba ibekwe ngaphakathi okanye ngaphandle kokusingqongileyo. Ipowusta idla ngokumelwa ngenjongo yokuba yenziwe njengomhombiso, okanye ngenjongo yokugqamisa eyona nto ibalulekileyo.

Ipowusta yinto ebalaseleyo kuluntu olufikisayo. Olunye inzondelelo yempambano edla ngokubonakaliswa ngeepowusta yileyo abanye abantu banayo kwiimpawu ezithile eziphambili kwicandelo labo: iziselo, icuba, iimoto, izithuthuthu, phakathi kwabanye kwaye ke, iilogo zabo zihlala zikhutshelwa kwiipowusta ezifunyanwa ngaba balandeli ngobuninzi.

Iipowusta zenziwe ngezinto ezifana ikhadibhodi okanye iphepha kwaye eyona ndlela iqhelekileyo kunye nelula yokuyilungisa kwiindonga ngokusebenzisa i-adhesive tape kwiiphelo zabo, okanye kunokwenzeka ukuba uzixhome kwizikhonkwane ezincinci. Ngokubhekiselele kumxholo, banokuba nefoto kuphela, umzekeliso okanye badibanise nezinye izinto zokunxibelelana ezinje ngemizobo kunye nezicatshulwa.

Izinto ezibalulekileyo

Ipowusta ihlala iqulethe izinto ezininzi ezithi kunye, zidityaniswe kwaye zenze umyalezo omnye okanye imiyalezo emininzi. Kodwa ezona zibalulekileyo zezi:

Ingqalelo

Kukho ifomyula encinci ehlangabezana neemfuno zoluntu, i-formula enamanyathelo amane: ingqalelo, umdla, umnqweno kunye nesenzo. La manqaku asetyenziswe njengesiseko samawaka eekhankaso zentengiso ezisebenzisa ipowusta. Le ndlela ifuna ukumema ukujonga kunye nendlela yokuphanda. Oku akunyanzelekanga ukuba kwenziwe ngemifanekiso exhokonxayo okanye imizobo ekhazimlayo, kodwa kufuneka inike ubuntu.

I-Iconography

Ezona powusta zisebenza kakuhle zihlala ziyi-iconic, njengoko zibonisa umxholo ophambili ngaphandle kokugcwala kwaye zithetha ukuba ungantoni na. Imifanekiso, mhlawumbi i-close-up yomlinganiswa okanye i-diagram element ebalulekileyo, okanye i-graphic elula, ingasetyenziselwa ukuseka iploti yefilimu. Idityaniswe noyilo olutsala ingqalelo, oku kunokuba yindlela esebenzayo ngokumangalisayo kuzo zombini iimpembelelo kunye nomdla.

Inzala

Uninzi lweepowusta zangoku kunye nezangoku zisebenzisa imifanekiso ebeka umbukeli embindini wemboniso bhanya-bhanya, ukudala uxinzelelo kunye nenkuthazo enkulu. Inkuthazo kukuba ukuze kulungiswe imeko, umntu ojonga ipowusta kufuneka abone ifilimu kwaye afumanise ukuba kwenzekani.

Isibheno

Iipowusta ezinkulu, ngakumbi ezo zemiboniso bhanya-bhanya, ngakumbi ezo zohlengahlengiso, zisebenzisa isibheno esiphindwe kabini ukukhulisa upapasho lwabo, nokuba ludibaniso lwabadlali abalungileyo abadumileyo kunye nodumo lomlawuli, okanye olo lwemidlalo ehlekisayo esele yaziwa nabadlali abadumileyo, oku yenza ubudlelwane nabalandeli.

Isitayile

Nokuba uthengisa imuvi yobugcisa okanye i-blockbuster, kuhlala kukho imiba yesimbo. Ezinye zeepowusta ezingalibalekiyo zisebenzise izitayile ezinesibindi, ezizodwa zobugcisa ukuze zizuze.
Into eyahlula ezi powusta kubakhuphisana nabo abangasebenziyo kukuhambelana kwesitayile, kokubini kwizixhobo zentengiso yefilim nakuyo yonke ifilimu ngokwayo.

Iintlobo zeepowusta

Ngokuxhomekeke kumxholo wabo, banokuhlelwa ngeendlela ezininzi:

Intengiso

Iipowusta zentengiso zikuyo yonke indawo kwaye zisetyenziselwa ukubhengeza umcimbi okanye imveliso entsha, ngokutsho kwewebhusayithi yeThala leeNcwadi yaSimahla. Ngokuqhelekileyo zinemibala kwaye zibekwe kwiindawo eziphezulu zezithuthi, apho zinokubonakala lula.

Ulwazi

Ezi ntlobo zepowusta zenza into echazwe ngamagama azo, zixelele okanye zifundise abantu ngento ethile. Zingasetyenziselwa ukudala iphulo lokwazisa uluntu okanye ukunceda ukugcina izilwanyana ezisengozini.

Umxholo

Iipowusta zomxholo zimalunga nantoni na. Ngokuqhelekileyo zithengiswa kwiikonsathi okanye kwimisebenzi yobugcisa. Umfanekiso wemvumi okanye umboniso wobugcisa udla ngokuba ngumxholo wezi powusta, kungoko igama lazo.

Ingqinisekiso

Iipowusta eziqinisekisayo zinezicaphulo ezikhuthazayo okanye ezikhuthazayo. Basenokuba neendinyana ezintle zeBhayibhile okanye imifanekiso, kunye nebinzana elithile lamagama abambayo ukuze bakhuthaze abantu, bakhuthazeke okanye bathuthuzeleke.

I propaganda

Iipowusta ze-propaganda zihlala zifumana i-rap embi kuba ihlala inxulunyaniswa namaphulo ezopolitiko okanye intengiso yeenkampani. Bahlala beneelogo kwaye bamele amaxabiso okanye ifilosofi yenkampani okanye umgqatswa wezopolitiko.

Ipowusta: Umxholo wezeMbali

ibali ipowusta

Umthombo: Iifreyimu

Ukwazi ukuba uyila njani ipowusta, kuyafuneka ukuba sihambe umva iminyaka kwaye sazi imbali yayo kuqala.

  • 1440: ngokuveliswa komatshini wokushicilela, iimeko eziyimfuneko zavela ukuze kuqaliswe ukuvelisa iipowusta kunye neepowusta ngendlela efana naleyo siyaziyo namhlanje, ephepheni. Ipowusta yokuqala yexesha IGutenberg Yaqala ngo-1477 kwaye yasayinwa nguWilliam Caxton. Yipowusta yentengiso edwelisa izibonelelo zemithombo eshushu. Ngo-1482 iphowusta yokuqala enemifanekiso yavela eFransi, ngesandla sikaJean du Pré.
  • KwiShishini loPhuculo: Ngokufika kweNguquko yezoShishino kunye nophuhliso lwezixeko, iimfuno zonxibelelwano ezintsha zavela kwaye ipowusta yathatha ukubaluleka okuhlaziyiweyo. I amalungu omzimba Ukususela kulo mzuzu ukuya phambili, kwabavumela ukuba badalwe ngombala opheleleyo kunye nefomathi enkulu, igqibelele indlela entsha yokunxibelelana. Igcisa lesiFrentshi Jules Cheret Waduma kakhulu ngokukwazi ukwenza uluhlu olubanzi kakhulu lwemibala esebenzisa amatye amathathu kuphela e-lithographic.
  • Inkulungwane yamashumi amabini: Umsebenzi wepowusta waqhubeka ugxininise eParis, kodwa abafazi bayeka ukuba yintloko yengqwalasela kunye namanye amanani anxulumene neemveliso ezipapashiweyo kwiipowusta zaqala ukubonakala ngesandla somzobi waseNtaliyane. Leonetto cappiello owaxelisa isimbo sabo bamandulelayo, waza waphela eluphucula ulwimi, ukongeza ekusebenziseni imizekeliso kunye nemvelaphi ethe tyaba njengophawu lomsebenzi wakhe.
  • IMfazwe Yehlabathi I: Ngomnyaka we-1914, ipowusta yafakwa kwinkonzo yeemfuno zezopolitiko nezentlalo, ezathi ngelo xesha zadlula ubuxoki bemfazwe: iipowusta ezibhengeza ukugaywa kwabasebenzi kwaye zithethelela ukuthatha inxaxheba emfazweni, efuna ukunyusa izibonelelo okanye njengesibhengezo esikhuthazayo.
  • IiVanguards: Emva kwemfazwe, imvuselelo yobugcisa kunye nentshukumo yokuhlaziya kuyilo lwegraphic yaqala. EJamani, isikolo saseBauhaus sazama iipowusta apho i-typography ingumlinganiswa oyintloko kwaye ukufaneleka kwafunwa kuqala kwaye kuqala.I-Art Deco Yagqama kusetyenziso lwejometri kunye neemilo ezintle, ezidityaniswe ne-sans-serif typefaces. Omnye wabalandeli bayo abakhulu yayinguCassandre, owayeyazi indlela yokumela kwihlabathi leendlela zobugcisa zexesha ezifana ne cubism, ikamva okanye i-surrealism.Kwangaxeshanye, kwiSoviet Union, i-constructivism yafumana ukugqwesa ngokusetyenziswa kweefoto ezidityaniswe negraphic element zokusikwa kwejometri kunye neediagonals ezinamandla. U-Aleksandr Rodchenko mhlawumbi ungomnye wemizekelo eyaziwayo yolu hlobo.
  • IMfazwe Yehlabathi II: Kulo mzuzu wembali, bagqama, Sinako Ukuyenza! nguJ. Howard Miller kunye neZigcine Zolile kwaye Qhuba idalwe ngurhulumente waseBritane kwi 1939 ngenjongo yokunyusa umoya wokuziphatha kwabemi belizwe phantsi kwesoyikiso sohlaselo olusemnyango.Kungeli xesha, kwakhona, apho i-lithography yaqala ukuthatha isihlalo esingasemva kunye nokushicilela kwaqala ukubaluleka kakhulu. ukucinywa.
  • Nge 70s nanamhlanje: Uyilo lwepowusta yee-70s, luthwele i-surrealism kunye nobugcisa bepop njengebhena. Iifom ze-Organic zabuya kwaye isitayile sasikhumbuza into eyayibonwa ngexesha le Art nouveau. Abanye abayili abathe baphuhlisa umsebenzi wabo oqhagamshelwe kwesi simbo, namhlanje, ngamanye awona manani ancomekayo kwihlabathi loyilo lwegraphic kwaye iipowusta zabo ziyimisebenzi yobugcisa eyinyani: uMilton Glaser, uSaul Bass okanye uPaul Rand.. Ngokwenyani UMiguel Frago ugqamile.

Ii-Apps zokwenza iipowusta

Kwinqaku lokugqibela lesi sithuba, siza kukubonisa ezinye izicelo okanye iinkqubo zekhompyuter apho unokwenza naluphi na uhlobo lwepowusta. Ezi nkqubo zinokusimahla okanye ngexabiso lenyanga.

Photoshop

isixhobo Photoshop

Umthombo: Computer Hoy

Sesona sixhobo sidumileyo ngokunxulumene nokudalwa kwayo nayiphi na imathiriyeli yomzobo. Ngoko ke, kubaluleke kakhulu ukuyiqwalasela. Siyabulela kwiPhotoshop, sinokwenza iipowusta kunye neepowusta zalo naluphi na uhlobo, nokuba zisisiseko okanye zicokiseke kakhulu, kuba izixhobo esizibonelela ngazo le nkqubo zihluke kakhulu, zibanzi kwaye zisebenza ngeendlela ezininzi.

Ihlawulwe kwaye uya kufuna amava athile ngeprogram ukuze uqhelane nayo kwaye uyisebenzise ngokutyibilikayo. Sinokufumana uguqulelo lwesilingo oluya kuphela malunga neentsuku ezingama-30 ukusuka kusuku lokusetyenziswa kwayo okokuqala, kodwa ke kufuneka sithenge inguqulelo ehlawulweyo. Sikwanazo nezinye iinketho eziyinxalenye yosapho olunye, njenge-Adobe Illustrator kunye ne-Adobe InDesign.

Igama leMicrosoft

isixhobo samagama ukwenza iipowusta

Umthombo: Tecnovery

IMicrosoft Word iyakwazi ukwenza iipowusta kunye neepowusta kodwa inemida ethile ekuhlelweni kweefoto. NgeLizwi sinokwenza iipowusta ngokobukhulu bazo, songeze imifanekiso yangasemva, imizobo, umbhalo kunye neziphumo zemifanekiso. Ukongeza, uya kufumana iitemplates zepowusta ezifumanekayo zokukhuphela. Asinako ukwenza iipowusta nge-Word kuphela, sinokuyenza nge-Microsoft PowerPoint kunye neMicrosoft Publisher. I-Microsoft Office iyafumaneka kwi-Windows ngohlelo lolingo lwenyanga enye.

Ukudalwa kweArcSoft

Yenye yeenkqubo zokwenza ipowusta esetyenziswa kakhulu ngabasebenzisi enkosi ngokulula kwayo ekusebenziseni isoftware. Nge-ArcSoft siya kuba nenani elikhulu leetemplates esele zenziwe ukwenza ipowusta yethu ukusuka ekuqaleni okanye ngesiseko esihambelana nenjongo yethu.

Inkqubo inikezela ngohlengahlengiso olubanzi kunye nokwenziwa ngokwezifiso kwepowusta, kunye nokuhlelwa kwayo nayiphi na inkalo yeefoto esizibandakanya kwipowusta. Siyabulela kule nkqubo siya kukwazi ukwenza iipowusta zazo zonke iintlobo, nokuba kwinqanaba lomntu njengekhadi lokubulisa okanye kwinqanaba lobuchwephesha njengepowusta yentengiso okanye iflaya.

Inkqubo iyafumaneka ukukhutshelwa kwiWindows nakwiMac kwinguqulelo yayo yasimahla, kodwa kukwakho nohlobo oluhlawulelweyo olwandisa amanqaku alo wokuhlela.

Gimp

Isixhobo seGimp

Umthombo: ComputerHoy

I-GIMP yinkqubo enkulu yokuhlela ye-bitmap esetyenziswa ngokubanzi ngabasebenzisi abangakhethiyo kwi-Photoshop, kuba ngokungafaniyo neyangaphambili, le isimahla. Yeyona ndlela ilungileyo yenkqubo yeAdobe njengoko ibandakanya iinketho zokuhlela ezifanayo kakhulu, ukonga imigama.

I-GIMP lukhetho oluhle kakhulu ukuba sifuna ukwenza ipowusta ngaphandle kokusebenzisa izixhobo ezinzima zePhotoshop kwaye asifuni ukuyihlawula. Le software izibophelele kujongano olulula ukwenzela ukuba kube lula ukusebenza phakathi kwabasebenzisi. Inkqubo iyafumaneka ukuba ikhutshelwe kwiWindows, iMac kunye neLinux kwaye isimahla.

Iposta Genius

I-PosterGenius inamandla kwaye iyasebenza isoftware yokudala ipowusta enokunceda abasebenzisi benze iipowusta ezikumgangatho wobuchwephesha kwimizuzu elishumi okanye ngaphantsi. I-Poster Genius isebenza ngokuhlula umxholo kwipowusta, evumela umsebenzisi ukuba agxininise kuphela kwiziphumo zophando, ngelixa isofthiwe iya kusingatha yonke isithuba ngokuzenzekelayo. Kwaye, i-in-software wizadi ikukhokela ngokuseta ipowusta yakho.

Ngelixa isoftware ilawula inkangeleko, ukubekwa kombhalo wepowusta, imifanekiso, iitafile, iifonti, kunye namagama-ncazo, iwizard ikhokela ngokuchaza imilinganiselo, ukulandelelana kwamacandelo, nokunye. ngePoster Genius njengoko ilungelelanisa izihloko zakho, imifanekiso, umxholo, kunye neebhokisi zokubhaliweyo ngokwayo.

Emva kweMywall

KwiPostweMyWall siya kufumana ukhetho olukhulu lwezixhobo zokwenza ipowusta yethu yasimahla. Siza kuba nakho ukwenza ikholaji yeefoto, nokuba zezethu okanye ezigcinwe kwindawo yokugcina izinto, ukongeza isicatshulwa kunye ne clipart nayo yonke into onokucinga ngayo.

Yinkqubo eguquguqukayo kakhulu kwaye kulula kakhulu ukuyisebenzisa, kwaye ngomzamo omncinci siya kufumana iziphumo ezintle. Eyona nto iphantsi kwenkqubo kukuba, ukuba simahla, iya kubandakanya i-watermark xa sigqiba ipowusta yethu. Ukongeza, ifuna ukuba ubhalise kwiphepha.

Umlingisi woBumbano

Yisoftware yoyilo lwegraphic enamandla kakhulu kwaye eguquguqukayo, ejolise ikakhulu kusetyenziso lobuchwephesha. Izixhobo zayo zibanzi kakhulu kwaye zisebenza ngendlela esebenzayo kwaye ekhawulezayo kwaye igubungela amacandelo aphambili afana nopapasho lwedesktop, umzobo wevector kunye nokufota.

Iya kuba sisixhobo esiluncedo kakhulu ekudalweni kweepowusta zethu ukuba sifuna ukuba zibe zezomntu kangangoko. Kusimahla ukukhuphela kwiWindows, Mac kunye ne-iOS.

Ronya Soft Poster

I-RonyaSoft Poster Designer kulula kakhulu ukusebenzisa inkqubo yesoftware onokuthi uyila kwaye uprinte iipowusta zakho zobuqu, imiqondiso kunye neebhena. Abasebenzisi banokuqala ukwenza imiqondiso yabo kwangoko njengoko isoftware sele ineentlobo ezininzi zeempawu ezilungele ukusetyenziswa kunye neebhanile esele zimisiwe.

Enye yezona zinto zikhethekileyo ze-RonyaSoft Poster Designer kukuba nokuba neenkcukacha ezincinci zeepowusta zingenziwa ngokwezifiso njengoko ubona kufanelekile. Ezinye zeenkcukacha ezincinci onokuthi uzenze ngokwezifiso ziquka imifanekiso, okubhaliweyo (okufana nebhokisi yokubhaliweyo, ubungakanani befonti kunye nokumila, indawo), umbala, ubungakanani, kunye nesimbo.

posterini

I-Posterini iyona nto ingcono kakhulu ekudaleni iipowusta zobuchwephesha kunye neencwadana zedijithali kwimicimbi yeshishini lakho, iimveliso, iindaba, njl. Kukho ngaphezu kwe-30 itemplates ezibonelelwe ngeenjongo ezahlukeneyo ezifana nokuvulwa okutsha, inkomfa, umnyhadala, ikonsathi, kunye nepati.

Nje ukuba ukhethe itemplate, uya kubhekiswa kwiphepha lokwenza ngokwezifiso, apho unokongeza umbhalo kunye nemifanekiso, utshintshe ubungakanani, ufake iimilo, kunye nokunye.

Isiphelo

Ukuba ufikile apha, uya kuba uqinisekise ukuba ukuze uqalise ukuyila kufuneka ukhuthazwe. Izinto ezibandakanyiweyo nazo zibalulekile, njengoko ziyisiseko esixhasa ipowusta elungileyo, kwaye zenza zombini umkhwa wobugcisa kunye nesethi yezinto ezidibanisa ngokuchanekileyo.

Kananjalo uya kuba nako ukubona ukuba ukuyila ipowusta okanye ipowusta ifikeleleka kuthi sonke. Kuyimfuneko ukuba umyalezo ufikelele kubo bonke abasebenzisi esibhekisa kubo, kwaye ngaphezu kwako konke ukudlala ngezinto ezizezinye zegraphic (imibala, iifonti, iimilo ezingabonakaliyo, iimilo zejometri ezilula neziqhelekileyo, njl.njl.)

Lifikile ixesha lokuba uqalise ukuyila, eya kuba yipowusta yakho yokuqala.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
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