Uyilo olufikelelekayo kubantu abakhubazekileyo ngokubonakalayo

Umbala ongaboniyo
I-80% yolwazi oluyimfuneko kubomi bethu bemihla ngemihla ibandakanya ilungu lombono. Oku kuthetha ukuba uninzi lwezakhono esinazo, imisebenzi esiyiphuhlisayo kunye nolwazi esilufumanayo lwenziwa ngokubona. Kubo bonke abantu abangenayo indawo ebonakalayo ebonakalayo, oku kwenza ukuba kube nzima ngakumbi. Ukwenza uyilo olufikelelekayo kubantu abangaboni kakuhle kubalulekile. Kuba ichaphazela ubunzima obukhulu babemi.

Ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi kwabantu abangama-285 ezigidi bachaphazeleka. Kwizigidi ezingama-39 ezingaboni ngokupheleleyo abanye banembono ephantsi. Kuyavakala ukucinga ukuba kufuneka sizilungelelanise izixhobo esinazo kubo bonke aba bantu. Kuba oku kwenza ukuba kubelula kumntu wonke, ngokulinganayo, ukufikelela kulwazi olufanayo.

Kwaye ayisiyiyo eyabantu abakhubazeke ngokubonakalayo kuphela, kukwakho nokunye ukukhubazeka okuchaphazela ukuhambahamba.

  • Uphicotho-zincwadi
  • Ukuqonda
  • Neurological
  • Visual

Kule nqaku siza kugxila kwinkalo yokubonakalayo. Kunye neengcebiso zokuguqula amaphepha ewebhu, kufundo lokufunda lomntu wonke. Siza kuthiya ezinye izixhobo eziza kunceda ukuqhuba lo msebenzi. Kwaye siza kubona ukuba umfanekiso oqhelekileyo uchaphazela njani umntu okhubazekileyo ngokubonakalayo okwahlukileyo.

Le yindlela iwebhusayithi ebachaphazela ngayo abantu abakhubazekileyo ngokubonakalayo

Kuxhomekeka kukhubazeko olunyangayo, iphepha lewebhu eliqhelekileyo njenge Uphando inokuzisa iingxaki kubantu abathile. Kwaye kunjalo, imibala okanye iifom zinokuba ngumda kwaba bantu bahluphekayo.

UUmntu ongaboniyo ngombala usenokungakwazi ukwahlula imibala ethile okanye ayidibanise nabanye. Oku, kusetyenziselwa uGoogle, kunokubonakala kungabalulekanga. Kodwa khawufane ucinge ukuba kukho imibala eliqela, ngasemva nangamaqhosha, anokubonwa enetoni efanayo kunye nokukhanya. Ukubona la maqhosha kunokubangela ukungcungcutheka kumntu ophethwe yile nto.

Umbala ongaboniyo

Yothusa, akunjalo? Le yindlela umntu onemibala engaboniyo anokuyiqonda ngayo. Kuxhomekeke kuhlobo lwemibala ekuchaphazelayo. Ngolwandiso lwe 'NoCofi' olulinganisa iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokubonisa ngokokukhubazeka (Ifumaneka kuphela kuGoogle Chrome) Sikwazile ukuqinisekisa ukuba baqhuba njani aba bantu. Nantsi eminye imizekelo:

Ukuphulukana nokwahluka

Ukuphulukana nokwahluka

Umbono wesiporho

Umbono wesiporho

Cataract

Jonga nge 'Cataratas'

Umbono omfiliba

Umbono omfiliba

Umbono ojikelezayo

Umbono ojikelezayo

Njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili, olu hlobo lwengxaki luchaphazela abantu abangama-285 ezigidi. Ke ngoko, ukulungiselela oku kufikeleleka, siza kuchaza izixhobo eziluncedo esinokuzisebenzisa kwiwebhusayithi yethu.

Njengoko sele sisazi, kukho izixhobo zeengxaki ezahlukeneyo. Izixhobo ezingagqibekanga eziza kwizikhangeli zethu. Yiba yiGoogle chrome, Mozilla, njl. Kodwa ezi zixhobo zisisiseko kwaye azonelanga. Izixhobo zezi:

 

  • Yongeza okanye unciphise umxholo (Iglass magnifying)
  • Umbala kunye notshintsho olwahlukileyo
  • Imibhalo engezantsi kwividiyo
  • Inkcazo yomfanekiso (ilivo)

 

 

Njengoko ubona, akwanele. Kodwa ukubazi kunokusinceda nanini na. Ezi zixhobo zilandelayo zizongezo zokuphucula oku kumsebenzisi. Kunye nezicwangciso-qhinga, zokunyusa iindawo zewebhu ngokufikeleleka komntu wonke.

Izixhobo zomsebenzisi ongaboni kakuhle

Ezi zixhobo zilandelayo zisimahla kwaye ungazikhuphelela kwikhonkco esiza kuzishiya. Kuxhomekeka kuhlobo lokukhubazeka analo umsebenzisi, ezinye ziya kuba luncedo kubo.

  • Ufikelelo Umbala wamavili: Sisixhobo sokukhetha indibaniselwano yemibala engazisi ngxaki ekufikeleleni.
  • Umahluko oPhakamileyoSisisixhobo onokukhetha kuso umahluko ukuze ufunde ngokulula iitekisi.
  • I-ChromeVox Imfuneko kuluntu olungaboni kakuhle-Izisa isantya, ukuguquguquka kunye nokhuseleko lweChannel kubasebenzisi abangaboni kakuhle.
  • CLiCk, ThethaUmfundi wescreen seMozilla Firefox browser. Esi sixhobo siluncedo kakhulu kubantu abaneengxaki zokubona okanye abangaboniyo kwaphela.
    Incwadana elula yokuthetha i-3.0Ngesi sixhobo, ikhompyuter yakho iya kufunda imiyalezo ye-imeyile okanye amaxwebhu okubhaliweyo onawo kwiPC yakho.
  • IWebhu ye-EdIsikhangeli sokuthetha esinokubonisa amaphepha ewebhu ngokudibanisa okubhaliweyo kunye neesimboli.
  • Umahluko wokujonga umbalaIsixhobo esikuvumela ukuba uchaze imvelaphi kunye nombala wombhalo kwaye ujonge umahluko usebenzisa ifomula ye-WCAG 2.0.

Ngokungafaniyo nesoftware yokufikeleleka, yakhiwe kusetyenziswa ubuchwephesha bewebhu kuphela njenge-HTML5, CSS, kunye neJavascript. I-ChromeVox yenzelwe ukusuka emhlabeni ukuya phezulu ukwenza ukuba ukufikelela okungazange kubonwe ngaphambili kwizicelo zewebhu zale mihla, kubandakanya nezo zisebenzisa i-W3C ARIA (ukufikelela kwi-Intanethi kwesicelo se-Intanethi) ukubonelela ngamava esityebi sedesktop

Uyilo lwewebhu ukufikelela ngokulula

Ukufikeleleka kwewebhu
Ukuba ungumdwelisi wewebhu okanye webmaster kwaye uza kuqala iprojekthi. Kuya kufuneka ucwangcise uyilo lwakho usazi ezi zikhokelo. Ke, siya kuvumela bonke abasebenzisi ukuba babenamathuba afanayo. Ezi zindululo zilandelayo ziyilelwe ngaphakathi Izidalwa ezikwi-Intanethi.

Nikeza iintloko zephepha

Iintloko zephepha (i-H1, i-H2, njl. Njl.) Zikuvumela ukuba uchaze ubume bephepha lewebhu. Umfundi wescreen ukuvumela ukuba uzulazule kwizihloko zekhasi. Ngale ndlela, umsebenzisi usebenzisa umfundi wescreen unokufikelela ngokulula kwaye ngokukhawuleza kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zephepha. ngaphandle kokuya kuwo wonke umxholo wephepha.

Esinye isicatshulwa (ALT) kwimifanekiso

Isampulu yomfanekiso obhaliweyo
Esinye isicatshulwa (alt uphawu kwithegi ye-IMG) sibonelela ngenye indlela yokubhaliweyo kumxholo ongengowokubhaliweyo kumaphepha ewebhu, anjengemifanekiso. Esinye isicatshulwa siluncedo ngakumbi kubantu abasebenzisa iscreen reader ukufikelela kumxholo kwiwebhusayithi.

Ukuhambisa ulwazi, ii icon

Impazamo ngeempawu ze icon
Ukusetyenziswa kwemibala ekuhanjisweni kwemithetho ethile okanye izikhokelo kwiwebhusayithi kwenza kube nzima kubasebenzisi abaninzi ukuba baqonde. Umzekelo, kwifom, ibonisa ukuba i-imeyile engenisiweyo ayilunganga nge icon kwaye hayi ebomvu. Ngale ndlela iya kubonakala kubo bonke.

Ukuqinisekisa ukufikeleleka komxholo ongenguwo we-HTML

Ayisiyiyo kuphela iwebhusayithi ekufuneka ifikeleleke. Yonke imixholo efakiweyo okanye edityaniswe kwiphepha lewebhu, njengeevidiyo, iaudiyo, iifayile zePDF, amaxwebhu eMicrosoft Word okanye iintetho zePowerPoint kufuneka zifikeleleke.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.