Yintoni iGimp

Yintoni iGimp

Phakathi kweenkqubo zokuhlela umfanekiso, akukho mathandabuzo ukuba eyona yaziwayo yiFotohop. Nangona kunjalo, kukho enye into echasayo kwaye uninzi luthanda ngaphezu kwegama. Ukongeza, isimahla kwaye isebenza ngendlela efanayo neyona isetyenziswa kakhulu. Uyazi ukuba yeyiphi? Imalunga neGimp. Kodwa yintoni iGimp?

Ukuba uvile ngale nkqubo yokuhlela umfanekiso kodwa ungaqinisekanga ukuba yintoni, ukuba ingangcono okanye ifane neFotohop kunye nento onokuyenza ngayo, siza kuthetha ngayo yonke into oyifunayo malunga neGimp.

Yintoni iGimp

Yintoni iGimp

Into yokuqala ekufuneka uyazi ngeGimp yintsingiselo yesigama sayo. Ngokukodwa, yinkqubo yokuguqula imifanekiso ye-GNU, okanye yintoni enye, inkqubo yokuhlela imifanekiso. Ungasebenza ngee-bitmaps kunye nemizobo, iifoto, imifanekiso, njl.

Njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili, le nkqubo isimahla kwaye isimahla, ikwazi ukufaka zombini kwiWindows nakwiGNU / Linux nakwiMac OS X.

Ngokubhekisele kubudlelwane bayo ne-Photoshop, ziinkqubo ezimbini ezahlukeneyo, nangona iyenye into egqitha eyona nkqubo isetyenzisiweyo ekuhleleni umfanekiso. Ngoku, ukukhula kwayo bekungasekelwanga kwi-Photoshop, kwaye ujongano lwayo alufani nayo.

Abo bazamile bathi kunzima kakhulu kwaye kunzima ukusebenza nabo, ngakumbi ukuba uqhelene ne-Photoshop. Kodwa xa sele uyazi ukuba uyiphatha njani, iziphumo ezingcono ziya kufumaneka ngayo.

Imvelaphi yeGimp

I-logo ye-gimp kunye nemascot

UGimp wazalwa ngoSpencer Kimball noPeter Mattis ngo-1995. Nangona kunjalo, yayiyinto entsha kangangokuba yabamba ingqalelo yabaninzi.

Umnqweno ongaziwayo ngabantu abaninzi kukuba igama lokuqala le-Gimp lalingenalo igama elaziwa ngalo ngoku. Ngamanye amagama, xa yayizalwa yayiyi «Inkqubo yokuLawulwa kweMifanekiso ngokuBanzi». Nangona kunjalo, ngo-1997 yatshintshela kwi "GNU Image Manipulation Programme".

Enye into enomdla kukuba ilogo le nkqubo inayo, ejongeka ngathi yingcuka okanye inja, inegama. NguWilber, igask mascot esemthethweni eyadalwa ngo-1997 ngu-Tuomas Kuosmanen (tigert). Ngapha koko, unokubona eminye imifanekiso kwindawo yeWilber Kit, ekwikhowudi yemithombo yeGimp. Ewe, loo mascot yenzelwe ukusebenzisa inkqubo, ibingazukuba ncinane.

Izibonelelo kunye nezinto ezingalunganga zokusebenzisa iGimp

Isixhobo sokuhlela umfanekiso yenye yezo ziphikisana nezinye iinkqubo. Ke ngoko, akukho mathandabuzo ukuba inezibonelelo ezininzi ebalaseleyo. Nangona kunjalo, ikwanazo neengxaki.

Izibonelelo zezi:

  • Isimahla.
  • Awudingi ukuyifaka kwikhompyuter yakho, kodwa unokuba nenkqubo kwifolda yendawo, kwidiski yangaphandle okanye kwilifu le-Intanethi.
  • Iimpawu ezikumgangatho ophezulu ziyafumaneka kumaleko kunye neendlela.
  • Susa imvelaphi yefoto kumanyathelo nje ambalwa.
  • Ikhawuleza kakhulu kune Photoshop.

Ngaphandle kwazo zonke ezo zinto zilungileyo, ikwanazo nezinto ezingalunganga ezi:

  • Ukungakwazi ukusebenza kunye ne-RBG engaphezulu kwe-8 bits, grayscale okanye imifanekiso enesalathiso. Nangona ngokuthumela ingxaki inokusonjululwa ngokuyinxenye.
  • Inemiqathango engaphezulu kune-Photoshop, kwaye xa usebenza rhoqo ngemifanekiso ebonisa. Kwakhona, ukuba kufuneka uhlele imifanekiso apho kukho izendlalelo ezininzi, ungabaleka ungene kwiingxaki ezimbalwa.
  • Kunzima ngakumbi ukuyisebenzisa, ngakumbi ekuqaleni. Nangona ungazisebenzisa izifundo ezifumaneka kwiYouTube.

Yenzelwe ntoni

Ngoku ukuba uyazi okungakumbi malunga neGimp, uya kuba nakho ukuqonda ukuba yeyantoni.

Ngokubanzi, i-Gimp isetyenziselwa ukusebenza ngemifanekiso kwaye njengesixhobo sasimahla nesivulekileyo esinokusetyenziswa kubuchwephesha obuninzi, abaninzi bakhetha ukuyifaka.

Ukuba siye singene nzulu kule nkqubo, uya kuqaphela ukuba ifunda kwaye ibhala iifomathi zemifanekiso eyahlukeneyo ezinjenge jpg, gif, png, tiff ... kwaye ifunda neFotohop. Ngoku ifomathi yayo yokugcina yiXcf. Ungangenisa kwakhona iifayile zePdf kunye neeSvg (imifanekiso yevektha).

Inezixhobo ezininzi onokuzifumana kwi-Photoshop ezinje ngeleya, amajelo, iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zebrashi, njl. Kule nto kufuneka wongeze izixhobo zokukhetha, izikere ezi-smart, izixhobo zokupeyinta, ukuguqula isikali, ukuthambeka, ukukhubazeka okanye ukuhlangana ... Inezinye izixhobo kunye / okanye amacebo okucoca imibala kunye nomfanekiso kunye nemenyu eneziphumo kunye nomfanekiso. unyango.

Ngamanye amagama, unesixhobo onokuthi wenze ngaso ukuqala okanye ukuguqula nayiphi na imifanekiso oyifunayo njengoko unokwenza kwenye inkqubo yokuhlela umfanekiso.

Xa ugcina, ngokungagqibekanga iya kwenza njalo kwifomathi yayo, kodwa ukuthumela umfanekiso kuya kukuvumela ukuba ukhethe ifomathi oyifunayo.

Iziphumo zenkqubo

Iziphumo zeGimp

Ukongeza kwi-Gimp, le nkqubo ikwazile ukufumana izinto ezininzi ezaziwa ngakumbi okanye ezingaziwayo. Ngokukodwa, unayo

  • I-GimpShop. Lunxibelelwano olukuvumela ukuba udibanise kwaye wenze iGimp ngakumbi njengeFotohop. Ngale ndlela, abo baqhele le nkqubo baziva bekhululeke ngakumbi, ngakumbi ukufumana yonke into abayisebenzisayo mihla le.
  • Gimphoto. Olunye uhlengahlengiso oluvumela ukuba lufane neFotohop. Olu linenguqulo lwangoku, 2.4.
  • Ulwandle. Oku kuvela kwi-Mac kwaye kuyo uyakufumana izinto ezisisiseko ze-Gimp, kodwa hayi ezaphambili.
  • CinePaint. Yayisaziwa njengeFilimu Gimp kwaye ivumela i-16 bits ubunzulu kwisitishi ngasinye sombala ukuba songezwe kwinkqubo. Inomphathi wesakhelo kunye nezinye ezingcono ezinxulumene nobugcisa be-cinematographic.

Ngoku ukuba uyazi ngakumbi ngeGimp, lixesha lokuba ucinge malunga nokuba ngaba yinkqubo yokuhlela umfanekiso obuyikhangela. Izibonelelo zayo ezininzi zinokukuxhobisa ngolu hlobo, kodwa kufuneka ujonge nezinto ezingalunganga. Ingaba ucinga ntoni? Ngaba ukhetha iGimp okanye ukhetha enye inkqubo yokuhlela imifanekiso?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.