Uzoba njani nge-Illustrator

umzobi

Umthombo: Iziko loNcedo leAdobe

Umzobo weVector kunye nemifanekiso ibisoloko iyinxalenye yoyilo esilwaziyo namhlanje. Izixhobo ezifana ne-Adobe zifumene imfuneko yokuyila kunye nokudala iinkqubo ezithile zophuhliso lwayo olupheleleyo kwaye ngaloo ndlela ziququzelele umsebenzi onzima wokudibanisa eminye yemifanekiso.

Kule posi, siza kuthetha nawe malunga ne-Illustrator, Ngokuqinisekileyo sele uvile malunga nale nkqubo ebalulekileyo kubaqulunqi abaninzi abavela kwihlabathi lonke. Kodwa awuzukwazi ukuba yintoni ekwaziyo ukuyenza, kwaye ngakumbi indlela yokuzoba ngesi sixhobo sinoluhlu olubanzi.

Sifuna ukuba ube ligcisa. Ke ngoko, sinethemba lokuba uya kufunda ngakumbi malunga nale software yobugcisa.

Umzobi: yintoni

umzobi

Umthombo: I-YouTube

Adobe Illustrator Ichazwa njengenye yeenkqubo ezilungileyo ngoku zokuzoba kwicandelo loyilo lwegraphic. Ikwathathwa njengenye yezona zixhobo zibalaseleyo kuyilo lwe-vector. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, le nkqubo iyilwe yi-Adobe Systems ibe sesona sixhobo sisetyenziswa kakhulu ngabayili abaninzi kunye nabazobi. Kwaye akumangalisi, kuba inothotho lweempawu eziyenze yaba yeyona nkqubo ilungileyo.

Yinkqubo ezinikeleyo kwakhona iza kusetyenziswa ekushicileleni, ezinye iividiyo, iinethiwekhi zentlalo, iipotfoliyo njl. Inokhetho olubanzi olubanzi kwaye ukuza kuthi ga ngoku yinkqubo egqibeleleyo ukuze ube ligcisa lokwenyani lomzobo wevector.

Imbali yomzobi

Le nkqubo ineziqalo ezininzi, phakathi kwazo, imbali yayo isukela ngo-1986 emva kwempumelelo enkulu yeAdobe PostScript inkqubo yomshicileli ngo-1982. Kodwa akuzange kube yiminyaka kamva, xa uAdobe wayibiza ngokuba yi-Illustrator.

Yenye yeenkqubo ezithe, ekuhambeni kwexesha, yaphucuka emva kohlaziyo lwayo, ukusuka kwi-Adobe Illustrator CS3 ukuya kwiCC.

Iimpawu ngokubanzi

  • Eyona nto ibonakalisa kakhulu le nkqubo kukuba yenzelwe uyilo lwezilwanyana. Inoluhlu olubanzi lwezinto kunyePhakathi kwazo iibrashi, ii-icon zevector, ii-inki zechromatic njl.
  • Ikwanayo neentlobo ngeentlobo zeefonti, phakathi kwazo zonke sifumana iifonti ezahlukeneyo ezahlulahlulwe ngokweendidi ezahlukeneyo kunye neentsapho. Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo, sesinye sezixhobo ezibonelela ngezona ndlela zikhethwa kakhulu kubaqulunqi bayo kunye nabasebenzisi. 
  • Omnye umba omawuthathelwe ingqalelo kukuba unokuphinda usebenze kwimbono kumzobo wevektha. Okukuvumela ukuba wenze imizobo kunye imizobo eyinyani ngakumbi edlala ngobunzulu kunye noyilo. Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo lolona khetho lufanelekileyo lokungena kwihlabathi le-vector.
  • Phakathi kweenketho zebrashi esizichazileyo ngaphambili, ithuba lokukwazi ukudlala ngemivumbo yeebhrashi ezahlukeneyo likwabonakala. Ngale ndlela imizekeliso yakho inokuba kukuthanda kwakho kuba ivumela iindidi ezininzi zestroke kwiipakethe zayo ezibanzi. Ukongeza, unokutshintsha kwakhona umbala wemivimbo kwaye udlale kunye nesikhundla sezinye izinto zejometri.

Uzoba njani nge-Illustrator

zoba

Umthombo: Domestika

Into yokuqala ekufuneka siyenzile phambi kokuba siqalise ukuzoba kukwazi ezinye zezixhobo zayo. Ukwenza oku, siyakucebisa ukuba ujonge ngokubanzi kwi-interface yayo kwaye uzame ngokungenamkhethe zonke izixhobo zayo, ngale ndlela uya kufumanisa ukuba yintoni na nganye yazo kwaye yeyiphi imisebenzi abanayo.

Nje ukuba sifunde isixhobo ngasinye, siqhubeke siqala ngomzobo. Ukwenza oku, kufuneka ukhumbule ukuba uhlala uqala nge-sketch elula, umzobo okwazisayo kule nkqubo okokuqala kwaye ikuvumela ukuba uqhubeke ufunda kunye nokuphucula.

Beka okanye uvule umzobo kwi-Illustrator

  1. Into yokuqala esiya kuyenza, njengoko sele sichazile ngaphambili, kukubeka umzobo okanye umzobo kwiprogram. Ukwenza oku, into yokuqala ekufuneka siyenze kukuvula uxwebhu olutsha, kulo mzekelo siya kusebenza nabanye imilinganiselo ehambelana ne-A4 okanye i-A3. 
  2. Emva koko siya kucinezela ezinye izitshixo kwikhibhodi yethu efana noshift + ctrl + P kwaye emva koko ifolda iya kuvula apho sinokukhangela kwaye sivule umzobo wethu. Yindlela ekhawulezayo nelula yokuvula ngokuthe ngqo nantoni na oyikhangelayo.
  3. Nje ukuba sikhethe umzobo, siya kunika ukhetho shift apho sinokujikelezisa okanye sisebenzise i-artboard apho umzobo wethu ukhoyo.
  4. Nje ukuba sibe nomzobo, kufuneka sigcine ifayile. Ukwenza oku siya kukhetho lweFayile kwaye ukhethe ukhetho olugcina njenge. Kubalulekile ukuba uyigcine ngolwandiso olufanelekileyo lomzobi (Ai). Nje ukuba siyinike ukuthumela ngaphandle, Siza kulungelelanisa i-opacity yomzobo wethu, kucetyiswa ukuba ulungelelanise ipesenti ye-80% okanye i-70%. 

Ukuba uzobe ngepeni

iintsiba

Umthombo: I-YouTube

Kwimeko apho uya kuzoba ngesixhobo sokubhala, kubalulekile ukuba uthathele ingqalelo ezi mpawu:

  1. Kuya kufuneka sebenza kumaleko owenze ngaphambili kwaye uya kufumana isigama sokubetha.
  2. Nje ukuba umaleko ukhethiwe, kufuneka uye kwindawo yolawulo yokungafihli kwaye ukhethe ukhetho lokuphindaphinda. Into ebalulekileyo xa sele udale inkqubo, kukuba ulungise inqaku elinye ngepeni kwaye ukubetha ngokuthe tye, ekubeni imivimbo eqondileyo iqulethe ubunzima obuncinci kunemivimbo egobileyo. Xa sele unendawo emiselweyo, kufuneka nje udale umgca we-diagonal ukwenzela ukuba izibambo zivule kwaye ngale ndlela igophe lenziwa ngokuthanda kwethu.
  3. Kwimeko yokuba ungumqali kwaye awuqinisekanga ukuba usenza njani i-curve-shaped stroke kwaye ijika alizange ligqibelele ngokupheleleyo, unokuhlala uzinceda nge-anchor point, Ngaloo ndlela imivumbo yakho iya kuba yegqibelele ngakumbi kwaye ingagoso okanye ibe nesiphene.
  4. Kwakhona, ungazinceda kwakhona ngokucofa iqhosha le-alt, Ngale ndlela uya kufezekisa ukuphatha kakuhle ukubetha kunye nesiphumo esilunge ngakumbi.

Ukuba uzobe ngeebrashi

iibrashi zomzobi

Umthombo: Envato Elements

  1. Kwimeko yokuba uzobe ngeebrashi, kunomdla ukuba uyazi ukuba unokuguqula zombini imilo ye-stroke kunye nobubanzi bayo. Ngale ndlela sinokukhetha ukuhlela kunye nokukhohlisa ibrashi ngendlela esiyifunayo. Le nkcukacha ibaluleke kakhulu kuba ixhomekeke kumgca wegraphic ozoba ngawo., ungakhetha uyilo lwebrashi enye okanye enye. Ngamafutshane, ububanzi bebrashi buya kuhlala buchongwa ngamanqaku, nawo abhalwe ngendlela ye-pt. Okukhona likhulu inani lamanqaku, kokukhona ububanzi bebrashi.
  2. Ukuba ungumntu othanda umzobo ngeebrashi zomzobi, masincome ukuba usebenzise ithebhulethi yegraphic apho uya kuyiphucula indlela ozoba ngayo. Kwakhona, ukuba usaqala ukuzoba ngale nkqubo, iluncedo kakhulu kuba yeyona ndlela ikhawulezayo yokukwazi ukuzoba. Ngokuqhelekileyo, xa sisuka kumzobo obonakalayo, njengoko senzile ngoku, sivame ukuzoba ngendlela yokuba sisoloko sinento ezandleni zethu kwaye sinokuyithatha. Ke ngoko, xa sisiya kumzobo wegraphic, ezo zinto zinokwenzeka ziyacinywa. Yiyo loo nto kubalulekile ukuba ube netafile yegraphic ekufutshane.
  3. Sikwakhankanye ukuba ibhrashi nganye, esekwe kwivektha, iyahlelwa ngokupheleleyo. Ngale ndlela sinokwenza imivumbo nganye esiyenzayo ngebrashi, Singayilawula ngendlela sithanda ngayo. Sinako kwakhona ukongeza isicatshulwa phezu istrowuku ngalinye. Ngendlela efanayo esinokuthi sisebenzise umbala esiwuthanda kakhulu kwi-stroke. Imibala yohlulwe yangamaqela amabini aphambili: i-RGB kunye ne-CMYK, ngale ndlela ikwahlulahlulwe ngokwamacandelwana ahlukeneyo okanye iifolda onokuzibona xa usebenzisa inkqubo. Unazo ii-inki zePantone eziya kukunceda ufumane ii-inki ezintsha.
  4. Okokugqibela kodwa kungancinci, sinokukhuphela iibrashi ezininzi kwi-intanethi. Kukho amawaka amaphepha e-intanethi akuvumela ukuba ukhuphele iibrashi zazo zonke iintlobo. Ngale ndlela i-Illustrator iyakwazi, xa sele siyifakile kwisixhobo sethu, zisetyenziswa ngokuthe ngqo kwaye zilayishwe ngqo kwi-Illustrator ukuze uqalise ukuzonwabela kwaye uzisebenzise. Kwimeko apho ezinye iibhrashi eziza ngokungagqibekanga kudweliso lwenkqubo azikakuqinisekisi, kuyenzeka ukuba udibanise ezininzi kangangoko ufuna kwaye uzibeke kwiincwadi ezineenkcukacha kwaye uzibize ngeyona ndlela yokuyila neyobuqu.

Isiphelo

Yonke imihla abasebenzisi abaninzi babheja kwi-Illustrator njengeyona software iphambili kwimizobo yabo. Sukuhlala ngaphandle kokuzama kwaye ngaphezu kwako konke, ngaphandle kokuphanda kunye nokubuza ngakumbi malunga nesi sixhobo esenziwe ngu-Adobe ngenjongo yokudala amagcisa amakhulu egraphic. Ukongeza, sikwacebisa ukuba uphande olunye uyilo lwebrashi oluya kuba nomdla ngokuqinisekileyo kwiiprojekthi zakho. Siyathemba ukuba ufunde ngakumbi ngale nkqubo sele ibaluleke kakhulu kwiminyaka yakutshanje.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.