Iifayile ze-PSD: yintoni na, imvelaphi, indlela yokuyivula kunye neenzuzo

Iifayile zePSD

Umthombo woMfanekiso Iifayile zePSD: Adobe

Iifayile ze-PSD yenye yezona fom zisetyenziswa kakhulu kwaye zaziwa kakhulu ngabayili bemizobo kunye nabayili. Nangabalandeli boyilo abasebenzisa iinkqubo zemifanekiso ezifana nePhotoshop.

Kodwa wazi ntoni ngezi ntlobo zeefomati? Ngaba zinokufundwa kuphela ngePhotoshop? Ziziphi izinto eziluncedo nezingeloncedo abanazo? Ukuba awuzange uyihlalutye ngaphambili okanye ucinge ngokuqinisekileyo malunga nezinto ezilungileyo nezimbi ezinazo, apha sikunika lonke ulwazi oludingayo ukuze ukwazi ngalo.

Yintoni ifayile ye-PSD

ifayile yepsd

Umthombo: uMenzi weTurbologo

Masiqale ngokuqonda ngokuqinisekileyo ukuba ifayile yePSD ithetha ntoni. Ukuqala, sithetha ngefomathi yomfanekiso. Oku kusetyenziswa ngokuqhelekileyo kwisoftware yokuhlela umfanekiso weAdobe Photoshop. I-PSD imele “uXwebhu lwePhotoshop” kwaye isetyenziselwa ukugcina uyilo olucwangcisiweyo nolwazi lomfanekiso.

Iileya zivumela abaqulunqi ukuba basebenze kwizinto ezahlukeneyo zomfanekiso ngokwahlukileyo, okwenza kube lula ukuhlela kunye nokudala iziphumo ezinzima. Umzekelo, khawube nomfanekiso wakho wenze umzekeliso kwaye wenze imvelaphi kumaleko kunye nabantu komnye. Xa uyinikezela kumxhasi, ikuxelela ukuba abantu abathile kufuneka batshintshwe, okanye ucima abanye abangabathandiyo.

Ukuba umzobo ubungafakwanga, ubuya kuba nengxaki yokucima abo bantu kuba imvelaphi ingacinywa. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, xa unayo kwimigangatho, ubamba kuphela oko kuyimfuneko.

Ukongeza kumaleko, iifayile zePSD zinokubandakanya ulwazi malunga neemaski, itshaneli zealpha, ukhetho, kunye nezinye izinto eziphambili zokuhlela.

Kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba iifayile zePSD zihambelana kuphela nesoftware exhasa ifomathi yePSD, njengeAdobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, kunye nezinye iinkqubo zokuhlela imifanekiso. Basenokuguqulelwa kwezinye iifomati zemifanekiso eqhelekileyo, njengeJPEG okanye iPNG, ukuze zisetyenziswe kwezinye iinkqubo kunye nezixhobo. Nokuba uziprinte, kuba kuyimfuneko ukuba uzidlulisele kumfanekiso, okanye nakwiPDF, ukuze ukwazi ukwenza njalo.

Yazalwa nini ifayile yePSD?

PSD icon

Umthombo: FreePik

Ifomathi yefayile ye-PSD yaziswa yi-Adobe Systems ngo-1990 njengenxalenye ye-software ye-Adobe Photoshop 1.0 yokuhlela umfanekiso. Ngelo xesha, yayiyifomati yefayile engagqibekanga esetyenziswa yinkqubo ukugcina umfanekiso kunye neefayile zoyilo. Kwaye ewe, ingasetyenziswa kuphela kule nkqubo kuba abanye abazange bakwazi ukuyivula, nto leyo eyenza ukuba isebenze kuphela ngePhotoshop.

Iminyaka emininzi idlulile kwaye sele zininzi iinkqubo ezikwaziyo ukufunda ifomathi yePSD, nangona zisikelwe umda kwinto abanokuyenza ngayo. Ukongeza, iye yavela kubandakanya izinto ezintsha kunye nophuculo.

Usebenzisa ntoni

Ifomathi yefayile yePSD isetyenziswa ikakhulu kuhlelo lomfanekiso kunye noyilo lwegraphic. Yeyona fomati yefayile yemveli esetyenziswa yiAdobe Photoshop, yenye yezona nkqubo zidumileyo zokuhlela imifanekiso kwihlabathi. Kwaye enye yezona zixatyiswa kakhulu ziingcali.

Kwaye kukuba ivumela abaqulunqi ukuba basebenze kwizinto ezahlukeneyo zomfanekiso kwiileya ezahlukeneyo, okwenza kube lula ukuhlela kunye nokudala iziphumo ezinzima. Ikwabandakanya ulwazi kwizikhumba, itshaneli zealpha, ukhetho, kunye nezinye iimpawu zokuhlela eziphambili.

Le fomati isetyenziswa ikakhulu ekudalweni koyilo lwegraphic, iilogo, imizobo, oopopayi kunye nezinye izinto ezibonakalayo ezisetyenziswa kwintengiso, ukuthengisa kunye noyilo lwewebhu.

Uyivula njani ifayile yePSD

Ukuvula ifayile yePSD kufuna isoftware yokuhlela umfanekiso exhasa le fomati. Eyona isetyenziswa kakhulu kunye neyomthonyama yiPhotoshop (kunye ne-Illustrator), kodwa inyaniso kukuba kukho ezinye iinkqubo ezihambelanayo.

Ngokugxila kwi-Photoshop, iifayile ze-PSD zivulwa ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

  • Vula iAdobe Photoshop.
  • Cofa "Ifayile" kwibar yemenyu phezulu kwesikrini.
  • Khetha "Vula" kwimenyu eyehlayo.
  • Khangela kwifayile yePSD kwikhompyuter yakho kwaye uyikhethe.
  • Cofa "Vula" ukuvula ifayile kwi Photoshop.
  • Ngoku ungahlela ifayile yePSD kwiPhotoshop.

Ezinye iinkqubo ezinokukunceda yiAdobe Illustrator, GIMP, kunye nabajongi bemifanekiso njengeFastStone Image Viewer okanye iXnView.

Uyivula njani iFayile yePSD ngaphandle kwePhotoshop

Ekubeni i-Photoshop yinkqubo ehlawulwayo, akukho nguqulo yamahhala (ubuncinci kungekhona kuzo zonke iziqinisekiso), abaninzi bakhetha ukusebenzisa ezinye iinketho zokuvula olu hlobo lwefayile. Ezinye zazo zezi zilandelayo:

  • Adobe Photoshop Express: IAdobe Photoshop Express luguqulelo lwasimahla nolwenziwe lula lweAdobe Photoshop ekhoyo kwi-intanethi. Unako ukulayisha ifayile yakho ye-PSD kwiqonga kwaye uyivule ukujonga kunye notshintsho olusisiseko lokuhlela.
  • I-GIMP: Yinkqubo yasimahla kunye nevulelekileyo yokuhlela imifanekiso exhasa iintlobo ngeentlobo zeefomati zefayile, kubandakanya iPSD. Enyanisweni, abaninzi banoluvo lokuba lukhuphiswano olunzima lwePhotoshop kwaye lungcono kunalo. Kodwa kunzima kakhulu ukuyisebenzisa.
  • I-Paint.net: Yaziwa kakhulu kwaye, nangona ekuqaleni sasicinga ukuba ilahlekile, inyaniso kukuba ibuyele ngomoya ohlaziyiweyo kunye nezinye izinto ezininzi kunokuba yayinayo.

Izinto eziluncedo nezingalunganga

PSD Viewer

Umthombo: Mundodeportivo

Ngoku ekubeni usazi ngakumbi malunga nokuba zeziphi iifayile ze-PSD, ngaba ungafumana umbono wokuba ngawaphi amanqaku aqinileyo (izinto ezilungileyo) kunye nezona zibuthathaka (ezingeloncedo)?

Ukusuka kwinto esiyihlalutyileyo, izibonelelo zokusebenzisa iifayile zePSD zininzi, kodwa sigxininisa oku kulandelayo:

  • Iileya: Ifomathi yePSD ikuvumela ukuba usebenze kumaleko ahlukeneyo, okwenza kube lula ukuhlela kunye nokulungelelanisa izinto ezahlukeneyo zomfanekiso.
  • Umgangatho: Ixhasa imifanekiso ekumgangatho ophezulu, iyenza ilungele ukuhlelwa kwemifanekiso yobuchwephesha kunye neeprojekthi zoyilo lwegraphic.
  • Ukuhambelana: kukho iinkqubo ezininzi ezihambelana nale fomati, kodwa qaphela, kuba nangona kuyinzuzo, inokusinciphisa xa usebenza naloo maxwebhu.
  • Igcina ulwazi: Ifomathi yePSD igcina lonke ulwazi lomfanekiso, kuquka iileya, ukhetho, iimaski, kunye nemijelo yealpha.

Kwimeko yokusilela, apha uya kubona eminye imiba ekufuneka uyithathele ingqalelo:

  • Ubungakanani befayile: Iifayile zePSD zinokuba nkulu kakhulu, zicothisa ukusebenza kwekhompyuter yakho kwaye zenze kube nzima ukugcina nokudlulisa iifayile.
  • Ifuna isoftware ekhethekileyo: ukukwazi ukuvula nokusebenza ngayo.
  • Ukukhuselwa kwe-Copyright - Iifayile ze-PSD zihlala ziqulethe ulwazi oluxabisekileyo lwepropathi yengqondo, enokwenza kube nzima ukwabelana ngeefayile kunye nokusebenzisana kwiiprojekthi zokuyila.

Ngaba iifayile ze-PSD zicace ngakumbi kuwe?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
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