Izinto ongazaziyo malunga nomzobi omkhulu waseSpain uPablo Picasso

uPicasso

Ubomi bomzobi oqaqambileyo ovela kuMalaga Pablo Ruiz Picasso (1881-1973), Uqwalasele utata we cubism kunye noGeorge Braque, izele kukuthanda ukwazi.

Imizobo yakhe, eyaziwayo kwihlabathi liphela, iphakathi kwezona zixabisekileyo embalini. Siza kuzazi ezinye zezo zinto zinomdla apha ngezantsi.

Imisebenzi yakhe yokuqala yayinesimbo esahluke ngokupheleleyo

Umsebenzi wokuqala kaPicasso wawungenanto yakwenza nesitayile seCubist. Kuzo wafuna imbonakalo ethembekileyo ngakumbi yenyani, esebenzisa umbono. Wayenamaxesha aliqela okulinga, apho wazama khona iindlela ezahlukeneyo kwaye waphenjelelwa ziintshukumo zangaphambili. Umzekelo wala maxesha ngu Ixesha eliluhlaza (Imizobo yakhe ifumana le tonality, ilixesha elibuhlungu ebomini bakhe, esinye sezizathu yayikukulahleka komhlobo wakhe uCasagemas), weempembelelo zeempembelelo.

Emva kweli xesha sithetha ngalo yavuka, xa wafuduka wayohlala kwindawo yoBohemian Montmartre eParis kwaye wazinikela ekupeyinteni abantu abadumileyo, eguqula imizobo yakhe esuka kumbala oluhlaza ukuya kumbala wepinki we-pastel.

Ukushiya isikolo sobugcisa

U-Picasso, owachitha ubuntwana bakhe e-Barcelona, ​​emva kokufudukela eMadrid ukuya kuqalisa izifundo zakhe kwiziko lobugcisa elidumileyo, i-Academia San Fernando, wabashiya, ngokungazifanisi neenjongo zabo zala maxesha.

Wenza umboniso wakhe wokuqala kwindawo yotywala

I-Els Quatre Gats yayiyindawo eyaziwa ngokuba yi-Barcelona brewery phakathi kwe-bohemians yanamhlanje. Kulapho uPicasso wabamba umboniso wakhe wokuqala wedwa.

Wenza i-tovas yakhe yokuqala yokufunda eneminyaka eyi-15

Ukususela ebuntwaneni bakhe bokuqala uPicasso wayepeyinta, kwaye akazange ayeke, esenza i-canvas enkulu eneminyaka eyi-15, ebizwa Umthendeleko wokuqala.

Bendihlala ndipeyinta abalinganiswa kwimiphetho yoluntu

U-Picasso wagxeka ngemizobo yakhe imeko yamanani athile oluntu aseludinini, ebenza babonakale. Ikwaqaqambisa ukumelwa kwabalinganiswa abasuka esekisini kunye nokuzonwabisa.

Bamtyhola ngokuba iM Mona Lisa

Wayetyholwa ngokuba uMona Lisa kaLeonardo de Vinci ovela eLouvre Museum, kunye nomhlobo wakhe u-Apollinaire. Aba babini baxolelwa, emva kokwazi ukuba ngubani olona sela, umqeshwa weziko lolondolozo lwembali.

Wadala i-cubism ngaphandle kokhuphiswano noMatisse

Ipeyinti yePicasso

IPOTA 457 3PMALAGA.

UMatisse wayesoyikisa uPicasso ngelo xesha, esaziwa njengeyona nto intsha nezona zinto zilungileyo zabapeyinti. Ukuphenjelelwa nguCézanne, kwaye ufuna ukuma ngokuchasene noMatisseyenziwe Amantombazana amancinci aseAvignonUkuchasana nayo yonke imithetho yeembono ezikhoyo zexesha.

Amantombazana amancinci aseAvignon, umzobo wokuqala we-cubist

Lo mzobo umele oonongogo abahlanu abavela kwisitalato iAvignon e-Barcelona, ​​hayi kwidolophu entle esemazantsi eFrance, njengoko uninzi lukholelwa. Kuyo, uPicasso ubapeyinta ngendlela enamacala amabini, ancitshiswe kuthotho loonxantathu kunye neerombus, eneenkcukacha ezingekhoyo. Kude kube ngoku, ubuya kufuna ukuphinda uvelise ngokuthembekileyo inyani ngokusebenzisa umbono. I-Picasso iphula nayo yonke into isibonisa ezinye iikhathuni ezimelweyo ngokweembono ezahlukeneyo, Zonke zibonakaliswe kumsebenzi omnye. Ke, imbonakalo yobuso bakhe yindibaniselwano yee-engile ezahlukeneyo, ngokungathi siyazibona kwiiprofayili ezininzi. Umyalezo kulo mzobo ugxeka imeko yoonongogo.

UGeorge Braque ujoyina uluvo lukaPicasso, ezisa zonke izinto zomsebenzi wakhe phambili, kwanomngeni wokujonga kunye nokusebenzisa iimilo zejiyometri. ICubism iyazalwa.

Ukuphuhliswa kokufota (kwakusele kukho imbonakalo ethembekileyo yokwenyani, kwakuyimfuneko ukukhangela enye into ngaphandle kwefestile yokupeyinta) kunye novavanyo lwengqondo (ukujonga ubunzulu bokwenyani), zizinto eziphambili kwiCubism, apho, ngaphandle ukuvula ngokwethu kwiimbono ezintsha, Kuyimfuneko ukuhlalutya imisebenzi ukuze uyiqonde (Ngesi sizathu bahlala behamba kunye nengcaciso).

Imizobo yakhe iphakathi kwezona zixabisekileyo ngokwezoqoqosho kwimbali

Amaxabiso emizobo kaPicasso kwiifandesi afikelela kwimida engalindelekanga, yenye yezona zibiza kakhulu kwimbali yobugcisa.

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