Fumanisa iintshukumo zokuqala ezinike ubomi kubugcisa bale mihla

Kandinsky

Umsebenzi kaKandinsky

Ubugcisa bale mihla, okanye obenzeka ukusuka esiphelweni senkulungwane ye-70 ukuya kwi-XNUMXs, benziwe ngothotho lweentshukumo, uninzi lwazo oya kuthi uluqonde ngokuqinisekileyo.

Kule posi siza kuthetha ngezinye zazo, Ngokukodwa kwezo zavela kuqala (ukusuka kwi-Impressionism ukuya kwi-Dadaism). Siza kubona amagcisa ayo aphambili. Masiqale olu hambo lunomdla lomntu ngamnye kubo!

Ukunyanzeliswa

Impressionism yintshukumo yokuqala enkulu kubugcisa banamhlanje. Lubonakala ngokufuna ukukhanya, ukwenza imizobo kwindawo evulekileyo. Ngale ndlela, imizobo ifumana iithoni ezinamandla kunye nezinamandla, ngamanani amnyama kunye namfiliba abonisa ukudlula komzuzu. Le ntshukumo yahlukile kokumelwa okwakwenziwe ngaphambili ngamanani, kuchazwe ngokucacileyo kwaye kugcwele isazisi, kupeyintwe kwizitudiyo. Yima kweli xesha Claude Monet.

Ipost-yeempembelelo

Amagcisa amane amakhulu ame apha: UVan Gogh (ungafunda ngakumbi ngobomi bakhe obukhethekileyo kule post yangaphambili), Gauguin, Seurat kunye neCézanne. Iyaqhubeka nokuba ne "impressionist brushstroke" kodwa Imizobo ifumana ukubonakaliswa okukhulu kwaye bazithoba ngakumbi, bayeke ukumela indalo ngokuthembeka.

Ubungqina

Ngaphambi kwempembelelo enkulu yobugcisa be-impressionist, ubugcisa bokuqala buvela. Umzobi ufuna ukubuyela kwimvelaphi, iphefumlelwe yinkcubeko yabalimi (iipleyiti ezipeyintiweyo, izinto ezinemibala eqhelekileyo ...), iimaski zaseAfrika, izinto ezivela kubantu bangaphambi kwembali ... uKlimt ugxininisa.

Pointillism

Nanku umbala ufumana ukufaneleka okukhethekileyo, kusetyenziswa kwimizobo izigidi zamachaphaza ombala ezahlulwe omnye komnye, iliso lomntu lelona liphezulu kwaye liwaxube.

Fauvism okanye fovism

UFauvism uzama ukwaphula amaxabiso obugcisa bangaphambili, ngokudala, ngendlela engangqinelaniyo, Imizobo enemibala apho imilo yamanani ayinamsebenzikodwa iimvakalelo abazidlulisayo. UHenri Matisse ugqamile.

UMatisse

Umdaniso, nguHenri Matisse

EJamani, iphefumlelwe nguFauvism, Expressionism, kunye nePrimitivism uMkhweli oLuhlaza uyenyuka. Kusisiqalo sokutsalwa, sokwahlulwa kwihlabathi lokwenyani. Umzobi uKandinsky ubalasele ngokukodwa.

Ukucacisa

Imizobo ifumana ukubonakalisa, ngendlela enokuthi okubonwayo akupeyintwanga, kodwa kuviwe ebusweni kwinto ebonwayo. UVan Gogh naye ubalasele kule ntshukumo, njengoEdvard Munch, ngomzobo wakhe odumileyo Isikhalo.

Ukutya

Ukumemeza, ngo-Munch

ICubism kunye neConstructivism

ICubism ivula ngeLadies of Avignon, nguPablo Picasso (funda ngakumbi ngobomi bakhe obunomdla kule post yangaphambili). Kule ntshukumo, zonke izinto zomsebenzi ziziswa ngaphambili, umbono ocelomngeni kunye nokusebenzisa iimilo zejometri.

Kwinkqubo yonxibelelaniso, iimilo zejiyometri ziyabonakala, ukongeza kwizixhobo, uyilo kunye netekhnoloji, egxininisa ukuyilwa kwazo zonke iintlobo zezinto.

Ikamva

Le ntshukumo, ngesandla sikaMarinetti, iyabalahla ubuhle bemveli, oomatshini abadumisayo kunye nentshukumo yabo ezinxulumene. Ke, siboniswa inyani ephathekayo, inyani eguqukayo.

Vorticism

Ngumxube phakathi kobhabhi kunye nekamva, ukuphakamisa ii-vortices njengeendawo zamandla amakhulu, ngokukaEzra Pound.

Ukuziphakamisa

Le ntshukumo yenzelwe ukwenza umbukeli azive nomsebenzi, eshenxisa zonke izinto eziyinyani ezaziwayo ezikuwo. Yayo, iodolo iyenziwe, ii-silhouettes zenziwe lula kwaye imibala iyancitshiswa ukuya kumbalwa. UMalevich ugxininisa.

Neoplasticism

Imizobo iyaqhubeka yenziwe lula, iza kumelwa inemibala emithathu kuphela ephambili: bomvu, luhlaza okwesibhakabhaka nephuzi. Iimilo zejiyometri zibini kuphela: isikwere kunye noxande. Kwakhona, imigca ethe tyaba kwaye ethe nkqo ipeyintiwe. Amagcisa ashenxisa ngokupheleleyo ekubonakalisweni kobugcisa. UMondrian ugqamile.

Dadaism

Ezi ngcali zengqondo, amagcisa afuna ukutshabalalisa ubugcisa, ekuphenduleni ngokuchasene namagunya amiselweyo nasemva kweMfazwe Yehlabathi yokuqala. Ngaphandle kokufezekisa injongo yabo, bakhuphe ukukhula kwe pop art, punk, art art conceptual, surrealism ... OoDada bahlekisa ngo-bourgeois artist kunye nobuhle njengoko bekusaziwa njalo, besenza imisebenzi ngezinto ezingaqhelekanga, bebhenela ekuhlekiseni nasekucaphukiseni. UTristan Tzara ugqamile.

Kwaye wena, yeyiphi intshukumo yobugcisa bale mihla oyichonga kakhulu?

 


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