Iimfihlakalo zikaMona Lisa nguLeonardo da Vinci

Mona Lisa

UMona Lisa kaLeonardo da Vinci

Ukuba kukho umzobo kwimbali yobugcisa evuse imfihlakalo kunye namaqhinga kule minyaka idlulileyo, ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo La Gioconda okanye La Mona Lisa. Ipeyintwe ngumzobi oqaqambileyo wobuNtshatsheli uLeonardo da Vinci (1452-1519). Ukuba ufuna ukwazi ngakumbi nge-da Vinci, ndiyakumema ukuba ufunde le post yangaphambili.

I-Mona Lisa, ipeyintwe ngeoyile kwipaneli yepoplar elinganisa iisentimitha ezingama-77 x 53 phakathi kwe-1503 kunye ne-1519, okwangoku iboniswa kwiMyuziyam yaseLouvre eParis, apho kwenziwa khona imigca emide ukuze kungenwe kuyo. Ithathwa njengeyona mizobo idumileyo ngalo lonke ixesha.

Makhe sibone ezinye izinto malunga nalo mfanekiso onomdla.

Ngubani umfazi omelweyo?

Igama lakhe, Gioconda, lithetha "uvuyo" ngeSpanish. Elinye igama lakhe, uMona, ngu "ma'am" ngesiTaliyane sakudala, ke uMona Lisa ngu "Nksz Lisa." Eyona ntelekelelo yamkelwe ngokubanzi malunga nokuchazwa kwabasetyhini yile Imalunga nomfazi kaFrancesco Bartolomeo de Giocondo, ogama linguLisa Gherardini (Unxibe isigqubuthelo entlokweni yakhe, uphawu lwabafazi). Kodwa yinto engangqinelwanga. Kukwatsho ukuba wayengummelwane kaLeonardo owayekhulelwe, ngenxa yengalo yeengalo zakhe esiswini.

Kutheni le nto iLa Gioconda ibaluleke kangaka kwindawo yokujonga ubugcisa

Kule mzobo uLeonardo ngokugqibeleleyo ubambe ubuchwephesha obutsha obuphawule ngaphambi nasemva kwimbali: the fumato. Nangona okwangoku kungabalulekanga ngokuhamba kwexesha, i fumato inika amanani angahambelani kakuhle, ebanika ubunzulu kunye nomgama. Uhlobo "lomsi" olwenza ukuba inani lingagxili ngokupheleleyo, kugxininisa ukudlula kokuhamba, kuba abantu abemi ndawonye. Ikwaqaqambisa ukusetyenziswa kwestrong fumato kwibhokisi yakho ISan Juan Bautista okanye ngaphakathi Intombikazi yeLitye.

Imvelaphi yomfanekiso

Uphi umhlaba ongaphandle komfazi omangalisayo? Kukho iinkolelo ezininzi kulo mbandela. Uphando lwamva nje lutyhila oko Isenokuba yidolophu yaseBobbio, kwingingqi ye-Emilia-Romagna, ebonwa ngohlobo lwegalari, njengenxalenye yeekholamu ezimbini kunokubonwa kwicala ngalinye lendalo. Into ebambe umdla wabaphandi kukuba omabini amacala omhlaba akabonakali ngathi asikwere, ikhohlo liphantsi kakhulu kunasekunene (amanzi akwimo yomhlaba kufuneka asuke kwelinye icala aye kwelinye kwaye angahlali emile) . Oku kudala oku kulandelayo: inkangeleko yobuso bakho ibonakala ihluka. Ngaba yile nto ibangela ukuba ubuso bakhe bube nomdla kuye wonke umntu?

Ingxelo yakhe engummangaliso

Akukho mntu waziyo namhlanje ukuba u-Mona Lisa waziva okanye wacinga ntoni xa kubonisiwe, kuba uncumo kunye nokubonakala kwakhe kuyintsokolo kuwo wonke umntu. NgokukaVasari, igcisa lase-Italiya eladibana noLeonardo:  Ngelixa ndandimbonisa, wayenabantu abaculayo okanye abadlalayo, kunye neebhokhonathi ezazimonwabisa, ukuzama ukunqanda olo hlobo lonxunguphalo luqhele ukwenzeka kwimizobo yomzobo.

Okwangoku, kuqhutywa izifundo kusetyenziswa izixhobo zobuchwephesha ezizama ukuqonda uncumo lwakhe oluyingqumbo, ngokusekwe kwirekhodi yobuso.

Kwakukho kwaye kuphikiswa yi-Itali neFrance

Imyuziyam yaseLouvre

«Paris 2017 50 nguJan Willem Broekema» nguJan Willem Broekema unelayisensi phantsi kweCC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Ngaphandle kwento yokuba uLeonardo wasweleka eFrance, amaTaliyane athi wazalelwa e-Italiya, ke ngoko uMona Lisa kufuneka abekhona. Iimpikiswano ezinkulu kwimbali zenze ukuba umzobo udume ngakumbi. Kwakukho nokuphanga ngo-1911, kwenziwa ngomnye owayesakuba ngumqeshwa wase-Italiyane kwimyuziyam yaseLouvre, uVincenzo Peruggia, ukuba abuyiselwe e-Itali.

Kwaye yintoni oyithanda kakhulu ngeLa Gioconda?


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